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Understanding CP Writing Tasks Dr Daniel Brint British Council Adult Centre.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding CP Writing Tasks Dr Daniel Brint British Council Adult Centre."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Understanding CP Writing Tasks Dr Daniel Brint British Council Adult Centre

3 CP tasks: Report Report Proposal Proposal Article Article Essay Essay Review Review Letter Letter

4 CP (compulsory question) Article Article Report Report Proposal Proposal Letter Letter Essay Essay

5 How is a piece of writing marked? General Impression mark Content Organization Cohesion Range of structures and vocabulary Register and format Target reader

6 Pass or fail? Although the writer does not always choose the most natural word, his meaning is always clear. Although the writer does not always choose the most natural word, his meaning is always clear. PASS PASS The candidate makes some errors of vocabulary and spelling, there are also a couple of examples of the verb not agreeing with its subject and of the wrong choice of preposition… the content is relevant and all aspects of the task are addressed. The candidate makes some errors of vocabulary and spelling, there are also a couple of examples of the verb not agreeing with its subject and of the wrong choice of preposition… the content is relevant and all aspects of the task are addressed. PASS PASS

7 What makes a piece of writing fail? Would only be partially informed… Would only be partially informed… Inappropriate informality… Inappropriate informality… Target reader would not be informed… Target reader would not be informed… Weak introduction and conclusion… Weak introduction and conclusion…

8 Creating a good effect on the target reader means Completing the task Completing the task Using the correct format Using the correct format Using the right kind of language Using the right kind of language Not making mistakes that confuse the reader Not making mistakes that confuse the reader

9 Reports and Proposals A PROPOSAL …persuade the reader of a course of action. A proposal should be clearly organized and may include headings. In a PROPOSAL you will probably need to Give reasons Give reasons Make polite recommendations Make polite recommendations Persuade Persuade Compare ideas Compare ideas

10 Report A REPORT A REPORT give some factual information and make suggestions or recommendations. A report should be clearly organized and may include headings. give some factual information and make suggestions or recommendations. A report should be clearly organized and may include headings. In a REPORT you will probably need to In a REPORT you will probably need to Summarize information Summarize information Make suggestions Make suggestions Make recommendations Make recommendations

11 Tips Use headings Use headings Avoid informal language Avoid informal language Give examples or explanations but don’t go too far off the point Give examples or explanations but don’t go too far off the point

12 ARTICLES You read a report or proposal because you have to You read a report or proposal because you have to You read an article because you want to You read an article because you want to Articles need to ENGAGE and INTEREST Articles need to ENGAGE and INTEREST

13 Making your article engaging and interesting Check who you are writing for an why you are writing Check who you are writing for an why you are writing Have a clear idea of your audience Have a clear idea of your audience Use opportunities for description and narration Use opportunities for description and narration Use of adjectives Use of adjectives Questions (Why should you visit this modern city?, rather then Visit this city because…) Questions (Why should you visit this modern city?, rather then Visit this city because…) Expressions/proverbs Expressions/proverbs

14 TIPS Aim for 3 paragraphs Aim for 3 paragraphs Think carefully about your reader when choosing a style/register Think carefully about your reader when choosing a style/register Use a 1st person form if possible Use a 1st person form if possible

15 ESSAYS Unlike articles, essays are not written to engage but to present clear, well- organized ideas. Unlike articles, essays are not written to engage but to present clear, well- organized ideas. Your essay is probably written for your tutor Your essay is probably written for your tutor You may be asked to present balanced or one-sided arguments You may be asked to present balanced or one-sided arguments An important SET BOOK task An important SET BOOK task

16 TIPS Be sure to write an introduction and conclusion Be sure to write an introduction and conclusion Use examples to support your ideas Use examples to support your ideas If your writing is one-sided, don’t contradict yourself! If your writing is one-sided, don’t contradict yourself! Connect your ideas with linking words and back-reference words/expressions Connect your ideas with linking words and back-reference words/expressions

17 REVIEW usually written for an English-language usually written for an English-language magazine, newspaper or website Description Description Explanation Explanation Recommendation Recommendation

18 TIPS Write a 3 or 4 paragraph piece with introduction and conclusion Write a 3 or 4 paragraph piece with introduction and conclusion Avoid exaggeration – enthuse, criticize and recommend but in a balanced way Avoid exaggeration – enthuse, criticize and recommend but in a balanced way A strong first paragraph will get your readers attention A strong first paragraph will get your readers attention

19 Letters Respond to the situation outlined Respond to the situation outlined Must be appropriate for the specified target reader Must be appropriate for the specified target reader opening salutation, clear paragraphing and closing phrasing are always important. opening salutation, clear paragraphing and closing phrasing are always important.

20 Tips Letters often include personal aspects that mean you can use narrative/description – these make your writing more interesting. Letters often include personal aspects that mean you can use narrative/description – these make your writing more interesting. If the letter is for informational/factual purposes check you give clear information If the letter is for informational/factual purposes check you give clear information Keep your register (more or less formal) consistent Keep your register (more or less formal) consistent


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