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GED Science Lesson 1. The GED Science Test  50 multiple choice questions  For most questions you will have to read a passage or look at an illustration.

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Presentation on theme: "GED Science Lesson 1. The GED Science Test  50 multiple choice questions  For most questions you will have to read a passage or look at an illustration."— Presentation transcript:

1 GED Science Lesson 1

2 The GED Science Test  50 multiple choice questions  For most questions you will have to read a passage or look at an illustration to answer the question  In some cases you will have to rely on your prior scientific knowledge

3 The GED Science Test Content AreaPercentage of Test Life Science (Plant and Animal Science; Human Biology) 45% Physical Science (Chemistry; Physics) 35% Earth and Space Science20%

4 Understanding Science Materials Requires three abilities:  The ability to summarize ideas  The ability to restate information  The ability to identify implications

5 Summarizing the Main Idea In many passages, the author expresses the main idea, or key thought, as a single sentence. Other sentences provide details to support the main idea.

6 Summarizing the Main Idea The action of ocean waves can change the shape of a shoreline. Waves can erode the shore, breaking up land masses near the water. Waves can also move the eroding dirt and rocks great distances down the shoreline. Beaches Will be formed when waves move more rock fragments toward the shore than away from it. Cliffs are formed when waves move more rock fragments away from the shore than toward it.

7 Summarizing the Main Idea The action of ocean waves can change the shape of a shoreline. Waves can erode the shore, breaking up land masses near the water. Waves can also move the eroding dirt and rocks great distances down the shoreline. Beaches will be formed when waves move more rock fragments toward the shore than away from it. Cliffs are formed when waves move more rock fragments away from the shore than toward it.

8 Summarizing the Main Idea Imagine taking a microscope and looking at the edge of a piece of paper in the hope of seeing a single atom! Using the world’s most powerful microscope, you still couldn’t see one, you would find that it takes about 1 million atoms, placed side by side to cross a distance as short as the width of the edge of the paper. Atoms are so small that even scientists must be content with studying large numbers of them at the same time rather than trying to look at a single atom in the way that a doctor might look at a patient.

9 Summarizing the Main Idea Imagine taking a microscope and looking at the edge of a piece of paper in the hope of seeing a single atom! Using the world’s most powerful microscope, you still couldn’t see one, you would find that it takes about 1 million atoms, placed side by side to cross a distance as short as the width of the edge of the paper. Atoms are so small that even scientists must be content with studying large numbers of them at the same time rather than trying to look at a single atom in the way that a doctor might look at a patient.

10 1. What percent of Earth’s Surface is land? 2. What total percent of Earth’s surface is covered by the two largest oceans? 3. What total percent of Earth’s surface is covered by water?

11 By comparing the amount of surface covered by water with the amount of surface covered by land, what would you say would be a key point made by this circle graph?

12 Restating Information To restate information is to use different words or phrases to express the same idea.

13 Restating Information Original Excess fat and carbohydrate consumption can lead to obesity Restatement You’ll get fat if you eat too many fats and carbohydrates

14 Restating Information Original Rocks from the moon’s surface show features characteristic of rocks found on Earth. Restatement Moon rocks are very similar to Earth rocks.

15 Describe the point you think that the author is trying to make about translucent materials.

16 Identifying Implications  To imply means “to suggest”  An implication is a point of view or idea that an author suggests. Scientists may have invented nuclear weapons, but I sure don’t want them to work on arms control! Implies that he does not have a lot of faith in the political ability of scientists.

17 The scientific Method

18 Distinguishing facts from hypotheses A scientific fact is a statement, based on evidence, that can be proved to true. A hypothesis is a reasonable explanation of a scientific fact. An opinion is a personal belief that is often based on a person’s own feelings.

19 Distinguishing facts from hypotheses

20 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis Because many people are frightened by snakes, there should never be an effort to save any species of snake Opinion

21 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis Moonlight is actually light from the sun that is reflected off the moon’s surface. Fact

22 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis The reason that moon rocks are similar to Earth rocks may be that the moon and Earth were once part of the same cloud of matter in space. Hypothesis

23 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis During winter months, tree roots store food that is used by the plant as it grows new leaves and stems in the spring. Fact

24 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis Regardless of what chemists claim, vitamins produced in a laboratory can’t possibly be as healthful as vitamins naturally found in foods. Opinion

25 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis The reason that one person is often so strongly attracted to a second person may be smell rather than good looks or personality. Hypothesis

26 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis Air pollution is a negative by-product of the Industrial Revolution Fact

27 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis Scientists genetically engineered squash to make it resistant to a deadly virus. Fact

28 Fact, Opinion or Hypothesis The study of genetics has proved to be of little value. Opinion

29 What is life

30 What is life?

31 Respiration Living things get energy from food (often by using oxygen )

32 What is life? Movement Living things can move all or part of themselves.

33 What is life? Reproduction Living things can produce offspring.

34 What is life? Nutrition Living things feed. Plants use energy from light to make food. Animals eat plants or other animals.

35 What is life? Excretion Living things get rid of waste substances they produce.

36 What is life? Sensitivity Living things can sense and respond to changes in their surroundings.

37 What is life? Growth Living things can increase the size of their bodies by adding mass and (often) new cells.

38 The Cell

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