Presentation on theme: " Essential Question What was Georgia’s role in the Constitutional Convention?"— Presentation transcript:
Essential Question What was Georgia’s role in the Constitutional Convention?
William Few and Abraham Baldwin represented Georgia at the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia; George Washington presided Constitutional Convention U.S. Constitution established three governmental branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Senate and House of Representatives established; only three-fifths of slave population would count toward representation
- In May of 1787, delegates from each state except Rhode Island got together again to draft the Constitution. - GA sent 4 delegates: William Pierce, William Houstoun, William Few, and Abraham Baldwin. - Few and Baldwin had the greatest influence and impact as they were the only 2 to stick around the Constitutional Convention to sign the final draft of the Constitution of America.
The Arts of Confederation failed to create an effective national government for the new nation. Georgia needed the protection that a strong national government could provide against the aggressive Indian population. They liked the Bill of Rights idea and the compromises in the constitution b/c individual liberties would be protected, and the national government would not be too strong. Also, Spain was a potential threat, b/c they controlled East and West Florida b/c of the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
Georgia was fourth state to ratify (approve) the new Constitution Constitution could be amended (changed); first 10 amendments became Bill of Rights George Washington became the first Presidentfirst President
Define Constitution? A fundamental plan of operation for a government Highest level of law telling what government can and can’t do. Sets up different branches of government Includes important rights and liberties of the people http://player.discoveryeducati on.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId =8662687a-9fd8-4905-8b76- 1990175f38f5 http://player.discoveryeducati on.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId =8662687a-9fd8-4905-8b76- 1990175f38f5
Economy in ruin; government provided food basics as farmers tried to reestablish their farms Capital moved to AugustaAugusta Georgia delegates met in 1788 and 1789; adopted state constitution similar to national government, with three branches General Assembly had two houses, Senate and House of Representatives; appointed governor and judges; controlled spending decisions Click to return to Table of Contents
Articles of Confederation: rules that governed United States after the Revolutionary War Articles of Confederation Weaknesses of the Articles: congress could not pay soldiers states could not be forced to pay trade between states not regulated trade with other countries not controlled George Washington and other leaders agreed to gather to discuss the problems
1787: Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia Fifty-five representatives attended George Washington presided over the convention Most members well-educated and conservative Delegates knew problems of the weak national government and sought solution http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guid AssetId=5ef48da5-627b-44e0-acfb-dc30a9928083player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guid AssetId=5ef48da5-627b-44e0-acfb-dc30a9928083
Delegates studied many types of government republic: a form of government in which power resides with the citizens who elect representatives to make laws James Madison described a government in which a large number of people voted for the representatives
Large states and small states had different interests Virginia Plan: strong national government three branches (legislative, judicial, executive) legislative branch (House of Representatives and Senate) elected by proportional representation (large states get more votes) Small states did not like Virginia Plan because they could be dominated by large states New Jersey Plan: gave more power to small states, but had a weak national government; number of representatives would be the same for each state.
Great Compromise, or Connecticut Compromise: House of Representative would have “proportional representation” and Senate “equal representation” 2 Houses would make up Congress aka the Legislative Branch, not 1: The House of Reps – States would be represented according to population. The Senate – Each state would have 2 senators, regardless of state population.
Slaves were a large part of population in the South Debate as to whether to count slaves in “proportional representation” of House of Representatives Three-Fifths Compromise: States were allowed to count 3 of every 5 slaves in their census for purposes of representation Agreed to stop importing slaves after 1808
Should citizens or Congress elect the President? Decided on electoral college system: Each state’s legislature allowed to have as many “electors” as they had members of Congress State representatives voted for the electors who would vote for President and Vice-President
ratification: to approve or make valid September 17, 1787: Constitution approvedConstitution Federalists: people who wanted a strong national government Antifederalists: wanted states to have more power than national government By 1791, ten amendments approved – known as The Bill of Rights – to protect citizens’ rights The Bill of Rights Delaware was first state to ratify; Georgia was the fourth state to ratify June 1788 – Constitution ratified by 9 states and becomes the framework for US government
1. Sovereignty: supreme power of government rests with the people electorate (voters) choose leaders to make laws and run the country US is not a “democracy” but a representative democracy or republic 2. Constitutionalism: all representatives are bound by the rules of the Constitution lawmakers cannot just make up laws as they see fit 3. Federalism: national government and state governments share power and authority http://www.schooltube.com/video/db67adfc1306d c1eb504/The-Bill-of-Rights-Hand-Game http://www.schooltube.com/video/db67adfc1306d c1eb504/The-Bill-of-Rights-Hand-Game Click to return to Table of Contents.