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CREATING A GOVERNMENT STATE AND FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "CREATING A GOVERNMENT STATE AND FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 CREATING A GOVERNMENT STATE AND FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONS

2 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION ST FORM OF CONSTITUTION HELD COLONIES TOGETHER PROVIDED AUTHORITY OVER COLONIES GOVERNED THE NATION DURING THE WAR CREATED CONGRESS – REPRESENTATIVES FROM ALL 13 COLONIES/STATES STATES HAD MOST INDIVIDUAL POWER, BUT ONLY 1 VOTE IN CONGRESS

3 STRENGTHS/POWERS Congress DECLARE WAR DELIVER MAIL CREATE MONEY SIGN TREATIES DEAL WITH NATIVE AMERICAN ISSUES

4 State Powers COLLECT ITS OWN TAXES ISSUE ITS OWN MONEY HAVE ITS OWN MILITIA

5 WEAKNESSES/ LIMITATIONS: CONGRESS COULD NOT: – IMPOSE/COLLECT TAXES – CONTROL TRADE – ENFORCE LAWS SO…. CONFEDERATION DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH $ COULD NOT RESOLVE ISSUES BETWEEN STATES STATES DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH $,RAISE TAXES SENSE OF LAWLESSNESS DUE TO ANGER REPAID SOLDIERS IN LAND, NOT $

6 CREATED A NEED FOR CHANGE! AFTER SEVERAL YEARS LEADERS KNEW THEY HAD TO COME UP WITH NEW IDEAS LEADERS MET IN PHILADELPHIA AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, MAY 1787 US CONSTITUTION WAS CREATED

7 Actions of the Convention Elected George Washington President Established the government would remain a Democratic Republic ISSUES – Balance of Power – Slavery – Federalist vs. Anti-Federalists

8 The Great Compromise Bicameral Legislature – Senate – 2 votes per state/2 senators – House of Representatives – Number is based on each states population/Large states get a larger amount of reps and votes and small states have fewer reps and votes

9 AND THE NEXT SOLUTION: Slavery Issue THE THREE FIFTHS COMPROMISE: FOR REPRESENTATION AND TAXES 3/5 OF THE SLAVES IN A STATE COUNTED TOWARD THE TOTAL #,SO FIVE SLAVES COUNTED AS THREE PEOPLE BAN ON SLAVERY FED GOVT WOULDNT BAN SLAVE TRADE FOR AT LEAST 20 YRS (1808)

10 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 1788 ESTABLISHED THE GOVERNMENT DELEGATES CREATED A BETTER AND STRONGER DOCUMENT, SOLVED PROBS LAWS AND RULES 3 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT 2 GA SIGNERS: – WILLIAM FEW AND ABRAHAM BALDWIN 3 PARTS- – PREAMBLE-ARTICLES-AMENDMENTS

11 Division of Power Three Branches of Government – Legislative – Makes laws – Executive – Enforces laws – Judicial – Interprets laws Checks and Balances – Each branch keeps the other two in check

12 ARTICLES ARTICLE ONE: LEGISLATIVE BRANCH ARTICLE TWO: EXECUTIVE BRANCH ARTICLE THREE: JUDICIAL BRANCH SETS UP AND DESIGNS EACH PART OF GOVT

13 BUT STILL HAD PROBLEMS: Federalists vs antifederalists – Federalism-national government and states share powers – Antifederalist opposed Constitution because it took too many powers from the states and no list of rights

14 Bill of Rights Written to protect people from the power of the government Written by James Madison 1 st ten amendments Guarantee rights such as freedom of speech, press, and religion. Won the rights that they had fought for in Revolution One of the first acts of the government

15 GAS ROLE IN THE US CONSTITUTION 1- WILLIAM FEW JR.- – HELPED WRITE THE GA CONSTITUTION OF 1777 – ELECTED 1780 TO SERVE GA AS REP FOR CONTINENTAL CONGRESS – ELECTED LATER TO US CONGRESS REP GA – SIGNED THE US CONSTITUTION

16 ANOTHER IMPORTANT GEORGIAN: ABRAHAM BALDWIN- – ALSO REPRESENTED GA IN CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION – LATER REP GA IN US CONGRESS – FOUNDED UGA – SIGNED THE US CONSTITUTION – VOTE ON REPRESENTATION ISSUES/PROBS WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE END VOTE – (split GA vote on rep, he voted for the small states, Houston for large states- thus creating The Great Compromise)

17 STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 2- MEN FROM GA WHO SIGNED THE US CONSTITUTION 1 –UNICAMERAL DEFINITION

18 GEORGIA CONSTITUTION

19 FIRST CONSTITUTION Unicameral-House of Assembly Archibald Bulloch, William Few, Lyman Hall Legislature- elected governor and other officials,appointed judges Weak executive branch John Treutlen appointed 1 st governor

20 2 nd GA CONSTITUTION 1789 Resembled US Constitution- 2 parts rather than 3 Bicameral-General Assembly 3 branches Plans for local/county government Counties set up- local units – Center of local govt, jails, courthouse – Seat of government close to citizens

21 CHANGES: 10 state constitutions in all,last one in 1983 Made changes as they were needed changed election of governor – Both houses choose Legislature meet in January Louisville (Jefferson County) as capital- closer to the people as GA was getting bigger 12 articles with many more specifics than U.S.Constitution


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