Presentation on theme: "Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Phoenicians The three cultures that influenced the development of Greek civilization."— Presentation transcript:
Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Phoenicians The three cultures that influenced the development of Greek civilization
Minoans A wealthy trading culture 2,000 B.C. Exported pottery, metal work, wine, and olive oil
The Mycenaeans 1600 B.C. Traded metals from the Greek mainland for the beautiful Minoan exports Conquered Crete in 1450 B.C. and took over Minoa’s valuable trade This civilization disappeared by 1100 B.C.
The Phoenicians Located on the eastern Mediterranean (today's Lebanon) Founded colonies around the Mediterranean Developed the alphabet
Greek City-States Shared a language & letters Remained independent of each other Each region had a Polis Each region was built around an acropolis
Structure of the City-States Polis Acropolis Agora
Polis A city-state in ancient Greece
Polis Each polis was a nation of its own developed because land was isolated by mountains or water common language depend on one another to survive. met every year at a great athletic contest known as the Olympics.
ACROPOLIS a large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
Agora A central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place.
Governments of the city-states Monarchy Democracy Oligarchy
Monarchy Some city-states had a single ruler
Oligarchy In some city-states, a small group of the richest and most powerful citizens controlled decision-making
Democracy Rule by the citizens
The Powers of Greece CITY-STATEGOVERNMENTROLE OF CHILDRENFOCUS OF THE CITY-STATE SPARTA ATHENS