3Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Phoenicians The three culturesthat influenced thedevelopment ofGreek civilization
4Minoans A wealthy trading culture 2,000 B.C. Exported pottery, metal work, wine, and olive oil
5The Mycenaeans1600 B.C.Traded metals from the Greek mainland for the beautiful Minoan exportsConquered Crete in 1450 B.C. and took over Minoa’s valuable tradeThis civilization disappeared by 1100 B.C.
6The Phoenicians Located on the eastern Mediterranean (today's Lebanon) Founded colonies around the MediterraneanDeveloped the alphabet
7Greek City-States Shared a language & letters Remained independent of each otherEach region had a PolisEach region was built around an acropolis
9A city-state in ancient Greece PolisA city-state in ancient Greece
10Polis Each polis was a nation of its own developed because land was isolated by mountains or watercommon languagedepend on one another to survive.met every year at a great athletic contest known as the Olympics.
11ACROPOLISa large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
12AgoraA central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place.