9 Student-centered vs Teacher-centered Problem-based vs Subject-based Integrated vs Discipline-based Community-based vs Hospital-based Continuing vs Pregraduate education Elective vs Standard program Systematic vs Opportunistic Harden RM, Sowden S. Educational strategies in curriculum development: The SPICES model. Med Educ 1984;18:284-297. SPICES
Lecture Small group session PBL Case study Morning report Journal club Project and Research Lab teaching دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 10 Goals Content Organization of Content MethodsSettings Quality Improvement Strategies Educational Management Learning Theories
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 11 Goals Content Organization of Content MethodsSettings Quality Improvement Strategies Educational Management Learning Theories Classroom Hospital wards Clinics Laboratory Skill labs Physicians’ offices Rural areas Library Patients’ homes Students’ homes Virtual settings
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 12 USING EDUCATIONAL METHODS IN DIFFERENT SETTINGS OUTCOME From Knowledgefull and Competent to Knowledgeable and Capable
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 13 IntegratedElective Systematic Problem Based Continuing Community Oriented Student Centered More Related to Methods and Settings
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 14 The curriculum consists of the course description and all the lesson plans. LP
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 15 The course description (syllabus) typically includes the following sections: -Course title -Purpose of the course -Course objectives -Training methods & techniques -Intended audience of the course -Place of training -Duration and schedule of the course,and -Trainers / resource/ persons
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 17 Guidelines for Choosing Educational Methods 1.Maintain Congruence between Objectives and Methods. 2.Group specific measurable objectives of the curriculum as cognitive, affective,or psychomotor objectives.
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 18 Guidelines for Choosing Educational Methods For example: If an objective of a curriculum is to improve student ability to perform a procedure correctly, such as obtaining an IV access,supervised practice with feedback and discussion of performance is likely to be more effective than lecture about the technique
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 19 2-Use multiple educational methods. Individual have different preferences for learning. The use of different methods helps to maintain learner interest and provides opportunities for reinforcement of learning.
دکتر محمود رضا دهقانی 20 3-Choose educational methods that are feasible in terms of resources. Curriculums developers will need to consider faculty time, space,availability of clinical material and experiences,and costs,as well as the availability of learner time. In selecting education methods for a curriculum,it is helpful to consider the advantages and disadvantages of each method.