SYMBOL: SN AtOMiC NUMBER: Tin’s atomic number is 50. AtOMiC WEiGHt: 118.710(7) NUMBER OF PROtONS: 50 NUMBER OF ELECtRONS: 50 NUMBER OF NEUtRONS: 69
Tin’s period on the periodic table is five. This element is in group fourteen on the periodic table. ElECtRON CONFiGURAtION: [KR] 4d10 5s2 5p2
Tin makes a high polish and is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion or other chemical action. Tin salts sprayed onto glass are used to produce electrically conductive coatings.
Tin is used for panel lighting and for frost-free windshields. Such tin plate over steel is used in the so-called tin can for preserving food. Alloys of tin are also very important.
The abundance of tin on the Earth is about 2.2 ppm. Tin can commonly be found in Malaysia, Bolivia, Indonesia, Thailand and Nigeria. Those are mostly the places that tin is found, but tin is also produced in Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Bolivia, Republic of Congo, Nigeria, and China. Tin is not as frequently found in Australia, England, Burma, Japan, Canada, Portugal and Spain.
Atomic number: 50 Atomic mass: 118.69 g.mol -1 Electronegativity according to Pauling: 1.8 Density: 5.77g.cm -3 (alpha) and 7.3 g.cm -3 at 20°C (beta) Melting point: 232 °C Boiling point: 2270 °C Vanderwaals radius: 0.162 nm Ionic radius: 0.112 nm (+2) ; 0.070 nm (+4) Isotopes: 20 Electronic shell: [ Kr ] 4d 10 5s 2 5p 2 Energy of first ionisation: 708.4 kJ.mol -1 Energy of second ionisation: 1411.4 kJ.mol -1 Energy of third ionisation: 2942.2 kJ.mol -1 Energy of fourth ionisation: 3929.3 kJ.mol -1 Discovered by: The ancients
Tin is somewhat expensive but it is used in many different ways. Tin is used for sculptures & moldings. It’s a popular use for many business products. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z- RHKYjQVfE