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Presented By : S.M.Shaheryar ( ) Presented By : S.M.Shaheryar ( )
Hypertension: Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries as it flows through them.
How to measure blood pressure ?
Blood pressure when the heart beats is called systolic pressure. Blood pressure when the heart is at rest is called diastolic pressure. When blood pressure is measured, the systolic pressure is stated first and the diastolic pressure second. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). For example, if a person's systolic pressure is 120 and diastolic pressure is 80, it is written as 120/80 mm Hg.
Categories of Blood Pressure Normal Blood Pressure Your blood pressure is normal if it's below 120/80 mm Hg. Pre- Hypertension Pre-hypertension is a systolic pressure ranging from 120 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure ranging from 80 to 89 mm Hg. Stage 1 Hypertension Stage 1 hypertension is a systolic pressure ranging from 140 to 159 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure ranging from 90 to 99 mm Hg. Stage 2 Hypertension The most severe hypertension, stage 2 hypertension is a systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic pressure of 100 mm Hg or higher.
Types of hypertension: In 90 to 95 percent of high blood pressure cases in adults, there's no identifiable cause. Primary (Essential) Hypertension: The other 5 to 10 percent of high blood pressure cases are caused by an underlying condition. Secondary Hypertension:
Symptoms: Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. Although a few people with early-stage high blood pressure may have dull headaches, dizzy spells or a few more nosebleeds than normal, these signs and symptoms typically don't occur until high blood pressure has reached an advanced even life-threatening stage.
Risk factors (Cont.) Age Race Family History
Overweight Salt Little Potassium PhysicallyStressTobacco Risk factors (Cont.)
Complications: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:
Life style and home medication (Cont.) Eat Healthy Foods Decrease The Salt In Your Diet Maintain A Healthy Weight Increase Physical Activity
Life style and home medication (Cont.) Limit Alcohol Don't Smoke Manage Stress Monitor Your Blood Pressure At Home
Relation with Pakistan National Health Survey of Pakistan o 10.8 million hypertensive’s (pop 91m,1991) 5.5 million men 5.3 million women o 12 million hypertensive’s Pakistan Hypertension League PHL 13 th annual session was held on Faisalabad ( Feb, 201 Prof. Azhar Masood A. Faruqui Pakistan Hypertension League was conceived by Prof. Azhar Masood A. Faruqui and his associates in 1995, but officially launched in June 1997
Role of Bioinformatics SPHYGMOMANOMETER An inflatable cuff on the upper arm to nullify the arterial pulse and measure blood pressure Zona Plus Hypertension Relief Device Which helps individuals lower high blood pressure naturally through breath control, this device uses monitored isometric gripping exercise based on Air Force observations of fighter pilots in training. DietMate DietMate is a convenient, hand-held computer that guides you through a proven program of weight loss, cholesterol reduction, and hypertension control. Electrocardiogram (ECG): A test that measures your heart's electrical activity. More extensive testing isn't usually needed, at least initially.