Presentation on theme: "What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure, Salt, and Sodium"— Presentation transcript:
1What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure, Salt, and Sodium
2What is Blood Pressure? Blood Pressure Is the force of the blood against the walls of your arteries. (like the pressure of water in the garden hose)Arteries transport oxygen and nutrients to the body, which are vital to survive
3Why is Blood Pressure Important?? It allows blood to move through your body.If it becomes too high, it can cause serious health problems
4Normal Blood Pressure The Systolic Blood Pressure (120) Blood Pressure is measured by a Sphygmomanometer or a stethoscope either manually or automaticallyTwo numbers are read:The Systolic Blood Pressure (120)Systolic means that the heart is pumpingThe heart is in a state of contractionThe Diastolic Blood Pressure (80)Diastolic means that the heart is at restThe heart is at rest
5Facts about High Blood Pressure Having HBP makes your heart pump harder than it should to get blood to all parts of the body.The increased blood pressure allows more blood to be pumped to the body to help the body cope with increased activity or stress.
6Facts about High Blood Pressure In 2002, it killed 49,707 individuals1/3 Americans suffer from HBPAs many as 65 million Americans age 6 and older have high blood pressure.
7Another name for HBP is Hypertension A systolic of 140 and a diastolic over 90 mm Hg is considered high for Adults.It is diagnosed after a trend is seen by your doctor
8Having HBP is life threatening. Health ProblemsStrokeBlindnessHeart AttackKidney failureHaving HBP is life threatening.
9HBP has no symptoms and therefore called the silent Killer Thirty percent of people with high blood pressure don't know they have itHBP can affect people of ALL ages, even young adultsIt has no cure, but can be treated and controlledIf your parents have HBP it will put you at risk but doesn’t necessarily mean you will get itHBP can be prevented by exercising moderately and having a healthy diet
10Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure Eating salty and fatty foodsLack of Physical ActivityStressSmokingBeing overweight raises your chances of having HBP 2 to 3 timesDrinking alcohol raises blood pressureHeredity**You need to be physically active in order to prevent High Blood Pressure**
12Salt and SodiumReducing intake of salt and sodium by itself reduces the risk of hypertensionIn the U.S., people consume between 4,000-6,000 milligrams of salt and sodium each day 8 to 12 times more than what our body needsOur body needs 500 mg of salt a day which is about a quarter of a teaspoonSalt is a chemical compund: NaClNa- Sodium Cl- Chlorine
15How can we control the amount of salt we consume each day? One of the best ways is to read theFood Label!Food label offers a great variety of information including:- Serving size- Sodium- Number of servings