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What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure, Salt, and Sodium.

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Presentation on theme: "What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure, Salt, and Sodium."— Presentation transcript:

1 What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure, Salt, and Sodium

2 What is Blood Pressure? Blood Pressure Blood Pressure – Is the force of the blood against the walls of your arteries. (like the pressure of water in the garden hose) –Arteries transport oxygen and nutrients to the body, which are vital to survive

3 Why is Blood Pressure Important?? Why is Blood Pressure Important?? –It allows blood to move through your body. –If it becomes too high, it can cause serious health problems

4 Normal Blood Pressure Blood Pressure is measured by a Sphygmomanometer or a stethoscope either manually or automatically Blood Pressure is measured by a Sphygmomanometer or a stethoscope either manually or automatically Two numbers are read: The Systolic Blood Pressure (120) -Systolic means that the heart is pumping -The heart is in a state of contraction The Diastolic Blood Pressure (80) -Diastolic means that the heart is at rest -The heart is at rest

5 Facts about High Blood Pressure Having HBP makes your heart pump harder than it should to get blood to all parts of the body. Having HBP makes your heart pump harder than it should to get blood to all parts of the body. The increased blood pressure allows more blood to be pumped to the body to help the body cope with increased activity or stress. The increased blood pressure allows more blood to be pumped to the body to help the body cope with increased activity or stress.

6 Facts about High Blood Pressure – In 2002, it killed 49,707 individuals –1/3 Americans suffer from HBP –As many as 65 million Americans age 6 and older have high blood pressure.

7 Another name for HBP is Hypertension Another name for HBP is Hypertension A systolic of 140 and a diastolic over 90 mm Hg is considered high for Adults. A systolic of 140 and a diastolic over 90 mm Hg is considered high for Adults. It is diagnosed after a trend is seen by your doctor It is diagnosed after a trend is seen by your doctor

8 Stroke Heart Attack Kidney failure Blindness Having HBP is life threatening. Health Problems

9 HBP has no symptoms and therefore called the silent Killer HBP has no symptoms and therefore called the silent Killer  Thirty percent of people with high blood pressure don't know they have it –HBP can affect people of ALL ages, even young adults –It has no cure, but can be treated and controlled –If your parents have HBP it will put you at risk but doesn’t necessarily mean you will get it –HBP can be prevented by exercising moderately and having a healthy diet

10 Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure Eating salty and fatty foods Eating salty and fatty foods Lack of Physical Activity Lack of Physical Activity Stress Stress Smoking Smoking Being overweight raises your chances of having HBP 2 to 3 times Being overweight raises your chances of having HBP 2 to 3 times Drinking alcohol raises blood pressure Drinking alcohol raises blood pressure Heredity Heredity **You need to be physically active in order to prevent High Blood Pressure**

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12 Salt and Sodium Reducing intake of salt and sodium by itself reduces the risk of hypertension Reducing intake of salt and sodium by itself reduces the risk of hypertension In the U.S., people consume between 4,000- 6,000 milligrams of salt and sodium each day 8 to 12 times more than what our body needs In the U.S., people consume between 4,000- 6,000 milligrams of salt and sodium each day 8 to 12 times more than what our body needs Our body needs 500 mg of salt a day which is about a quarter of a teaspoon Our body needs 500 mg of salt a day which is about a quarter of a teaspoon Salt is a chemical compund: NaCl Na- Sodium Cl- Chlorine

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15 How can we control the amount of salt we consume each day? One of the best ways is to read the One of the best ways is to read the Food Label! Food Label! Food label offers a great variety of information including: - Serving size - Sodium - Number of servings


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