Presentation on theme: "Constitution of the United States of America"— Presentation transcript:
1Constitution of the United States of America Articles I-III
2PreambleWe the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America
3Article I Section 1 Congress writes legislation 2 chambers— House of RepresentativeSenate
4Article I Section 2 House: directly elected by the people Members serve 2-year termsMembers of the House must:Be 25 years oldA citizen of the United States for at least 7 yearsLive in the state that elects them
5Article I House seats assigned by census every 10 years, Initially used a formula that counted African American slaves as 3/5 of a personExcluded Native AmericansHouse has power to impeach senior government officials
6Article I Section 3 Each state has 2 senators Serve six-year termsOne-third of the Senate faces election at a timeSenators must be30 years oldA citizen of the United States for a least 9 yearsLive in the state that elects themThe Vice-President presides over the Senatecan only vote in case of a tieThe Senate tries impeachment cases against federal officials after the House has voted to impeach.A conviction requires the support of 2/3 of the Senate membersAnyone convicted of impeachable offenses can be removed from office
7Article I Section 4 Congress shall assemble at least once a year Elections of Senators and Representatives is set by the state
8Article I Section 5The House and the Senate each monitor the elections of their own members.Can’t take action unless majority of members are presentHouse and Senate discipline their own membersCongress must maintain public record of its work
9Article I Section 6Congress makes a law that sets the salary of membersMembers of the House and Senate cannot hold other government officesIncludes positions in Cabinet
10Article I Section 7 Bills to impose taxes originate in the House After a bill passes both the House and the Senate:president has ten days to sign it into law or veto it.If the president does nothing, the bill becomes law automatically, unless Congress is not in sessionCongress can pass a law over a president’s veto through a 2/3 vote of each chamber
11Article I Section 8Congress has the broad authority, including the power to:Impose taxesMaintain a militaryDeclare war,Manage a postal systemCreate a judicial systemBorrow moneyCongress has sweeping power to enact laws to provide for the general welfare of the country, and to pass any law that it deems necessary to carry out other duties
12Article I Section 9Citizens cannot be arrested and jailed without causeCongress cannot pass a law that declares a person guilty of a crime or that makes an action in the past illegalCannot create laws that favor the ports of some states over othersCan only spend money if Congress has approved it,Government must maintain public records of all spendingThe United States cannot name a king or other royaltyUS officials cannot accept payments from other countries without approval
13Article I Section 10 Congress has powers over the states in may areas The states are barred from taking on most congressional duties, including:The issuing of moneyEntering into alliances with other countriesImposing duties on imports form other countries
15Article II Section 1The president ensures that the nation’s laws are carried out and enforced.The president serves a four-year termFormally elected by the Electoral CollegeElectors chosen through direct electionsCongress formally counts the presidential election ballots from the electoral college.If no presidential candidate receives a majority, the House chooses the president.
16Article II Section 1 The president must be at least 35 years old A United States citizen born hereA resident of the country for 14 yearsIf the president dies, resigns, or becomes unable to carry out the responsibilities, the vice president steps in.If there is no president or vice president, the Speaker of the House, the president pro tem of the Senate, and the sequence of cabinet officials
17Article II Section 1Congress sets the president’s pay rate, and the rate cannot be changed once the president takes office.The president cannot accept other payments from the governmentOn inauguration day:President takes an oath of office, administered by the chief justice of the U.S.
18Article II Section 2The president has wide authority in the executive branch.Commander in chief of the militarySupervisory responsibility for executive branch departmentsPower to grant pardonsThe Senate acts as a check on some presidential powers.The president makes treaties with other countries, but they take effect only if 2/3 of the Senate approves.The president’s nominations of ambassadors, federal judges, cabinet members, and other top government officials requires the approval of a majority of the Senate
19Article II Section 3The president must periodically issue a State of the Union statement:Speech delivered in personPresident explains the condition of the country and offers legislative suggestions.The president can also call a joint session of Congress, or call a session of either of the houses separately.
21Article III Section 1The Supreme Court has some administrative control over the legal system, but Congress decides the number of courts that are necessary and many other important issues.Supreme Court justices and other federal judges hold their appointments for life unless they violate significant laws.Their salary cannot be reduced while they are serving on the Court
22Article III Section 2Supreme Court has original jurisdiction only in cases involving ambassadors, or if a state is involved.They conduct a trial to determine the facts of a case and issue a judgment.The Supreme Court hears only appeals in all other types of cases.Americans have a right to a jury trial in significant cases, and the trial must be held in the state where the crime is alleged to have occurred.Congress can enact laws to handle the rare cases that involve offenses occurring outside of the states
23Article III Section 3Congress can only define a few types of offenses as treason.A person accused of treason can only be convicted if there are two witnesses to the crime, or if the person confesses in courtCongress can impose punishments and fines and can confiscate property form those convicted of treason.The heirs of the convicted person retain a right to inherit any estate, however