2Safe sex versus safer sex The term “Safe sex” is misleading. No sex is the only truly safe sex. Protected sex should therefore be renamed “Safer sex”, since it is safer than unprotected sex, yet still not completely safe. In essence, any attempt to prevent the exchange of body fluids during sexual contact is safer than no protection at all. Safer sex also means discussing the use of condoms before intercourse, limiting the number of sexual partners, knowing a partner’s sexual and drug-use history, and not being sexually involved with someone who has an active infection. The safest route of all is abstinence.
3AbstinenceThe only known way to prevent any kind of sexually transmitted infections to abstain from sexual contact.What strategies do you think would be effective in selling contraception to teenagers?Why do some teenagers have sex before they are ready?What can they do when faced with these issues?
4Choices Abstinence – not having sex 100% effective in preventing STI’s and PregnancyOne in five Americans have genital herpes, yet at least 80 percent of those with herpes are unaware they have itAbout 50 percent to 80 percent of US adults have oral herpes OR Herpes simplex Virus . (JHU)
5BARRIER METHODSBarrier Methods – Physical barrier to stop sperm from coming into contact with an eggDiaphragm, Cervical Cap, Female CondomAt least one in four Americans will contract an STD at some point in their lives
6PROTECTION Male Condoms Thin cover that fits over an erect penis, sperm is deposited into condom instead of vagina.Latex or PolyurethaneOver – the – CounterPut on before penis touches female genitalia98% Effective
7PROTECTION Spermacide – Chemicals that kill sperm Foams, Creams, JelliesInserted into vagina before sexWater- Based, Not Oil - Oil damages latexNonoxynol – 9 , Spermicidal LubricantMore than 5 million people are infected with HPV each year
8Hormonal MethodsHormonal Method – Doses of hormones to prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulationBirth Control Pills – Prevents ovulation by suppressing the natural hormones that would stimulate an ovary to release an egg99% effective when taken properly, taken dailyDoes not protect against STD’s
9IUD Hormonal Non-Hormonal Release progestin Thicken cervical mucus, endometrium does not grow, reduces menstrual bleeding.Non-HormonalCopper acts as spermicide, weakening the sperm or destroying it.
10PREVENTING PREGNANCYInjectables – Shots that contain hormones to prevent pregnancyEvery 3 Months99% effectiveDoes not protect against STI’sThe PatchNuvaring – Vaginal ring folded & inserted high into the vaginaRelease hormonesReplace every 3 weeksCondom back - up
11Surgical Vasectomy Tubal Ligation Cutting of Vas Deferens Prevent release of sperm during EjaculationPermanentAfter 1-2 months 99.85% effective.Tubes TiedBanded, cauterized, tied and cutPermanent 5 out of 1,000 women after 1 year. 5 years following tubal ligation, about 13 out of 1,000 women will have become pregnant
12Natural MethodsThe calendar rhythm method- calculating a woman's fertile period on the calendar. Calculated by last 12 menstrual periods to avoid ovulation.Withdrawal75%-80% 1 out of 4Hope