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Becoming An Industrial Giant Chapter 19. The Nation Changes The railroads changed how we lived Manufacturing increased Tariffs protected U.S. products.

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Presentation on theme: "Becoming An Industrial Giant Chapter 19. The Nation Changes The railroads changed how we lived Manufacturing increased Tariffs protected U.S. products."— Presentation transcript:

1 Becoming An Industrial Giant Chapter 19

2 The Nation Changes The railroads changed how we lived Manufacturing increased Tariffs protected U.S. products The population grew Demand for more and better products increased

3 Andrew Carnegie A “Captain of Industry” He began building bridges Made his millions in steel Became a famous philanthropist

4 Steel A magical building material Skyscrapers, suspension bridges The Brooklyn Bridge Pins, nails, washtubs, and barbed wire

5 Oil Oil Creek - Titusville, PA Edwin Drake- first to drill for oil Black Gold, rock oil Oil prospectors: Fortunes were made overnight Pipelines carry crude oil to refineries.

6 John D. Rockefeller There’s money in refining oil. Let someone else find it. Standard Oil Co. He moves from refining kerosene to making a fortune in gasoline

7 Business Changes Small business- owned by one person Corporations- large, organized companies owned by shareholders Limited liability Capital formation encouraged Monopolies are formed that restrict competition

8 Companies Become Larger Vertical combination Horizontal combination Trust companies Giant industries change America into an industrial nation

9 Other Leaders of Industry Philip Armour-meat packing Gustavus Swift-meat packing Cornelius Vanderbilt- railroads James J. Hill-railroads

10 The Wizard of Menlo Park Thomas Edison "Genius is one percent inspiration, ninety-nine percent perspiration.” Electric light bulb Phonograph Motion picture camera

11 Henry Ford The Ford Motor Co. Mass production using the assembly line The Model T is affordable A new industry creates new jobs for many Life changes for middle class Americans

12 Flight Orville and Wilbur Wright invent the first airplane Kitty Hawk, N.C.- site of first flight in 1903

13 Other Inventors Alexander G. Bell- telephone George Eastman-Kodak Brownie cameras Lewis Waterman- fountain pen Ottmar Mergenthaler- typesetting Elisha Otis- elevator

14 George Washington Carver African American scientist Changed farming in the South. Developed new products from peanuts, pecans, and sweet potatoes Farmers now had other cash crops besides corn

15 Booker T. Washington Son of slaves Teacher Founder of the Tuskegee Institute Leader Author Advisor to presidents


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