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The Northern Renaissance. The Renaissance Continues Merchants and scholars carried the Renaissance out of Italy. Merchants and scholars carried the Renaissance.

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Presentation on theme: "The Northern Renaissance. The Renaissance Continues Merchants and scholars carried the Renaissance out of Italy. Merchants and scholars carried the Renaissance."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Northern Renaissance

2 The Renaissance Continues Merchants and scholars carried the Renaissance out of Italy. Merchants and scholars carried the Renaissance out of Italy.

3 Hanseatic League Assisted in the spread of Renaissance ideas to the north Assisted in the spread of Renaissance ideas to the north Also helped shipping by building light houses and training ship captains Also helped shipping by building light houses and training ship captains

4 Characteristics of the Northern Renaissance Humanists in north were more interested in religious ideas than the secular themes of the Italian Renaissance. Humanists in north were more interested in religious ideas than the secular themes of the Italian Renaissance. Developed plans for social reform based on Christian values. Developed plans for social reform based on Christian values.

5 Printing Press Johannes Gutenburg (German) reinvents movable type around Johannes Gutenburg (German) reinvents movable type around This leads to his printing press – a machine that presses paper against a tray full of inked movable type. This leads to his printing press – a machine that presses paper against a tray full of inked movable type.

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7 Gutenburg Bible Around 1455, first book printed on the printing press was a complete Bible, the Gutenburg Bible. Around 1455, first book printed on the printing press was a complete Bible, the Gutenburg Bible.

8 Printing Spreads Learning Books were cheap enough that many people could buy them Books were cheap enough that many people could buy them Ideas spread more quickly Ideas spread more quickly Rise in literacy Rise in literacy Writing in vernacular Writing in vernacular More people read Bible for themselves More people read Bible for themselves

9 Christian Humanists Holland – Desiderius Erasmus Holland – Desiderius Erasmus England – Thomas More England – Thomas More Combined the interests of theology, fiction and history Combined the interests of theology, fiction and history

10 Erasmus Leading Christian Humanist Leading Christian Humanist Worked as a Priest in present day Netherlands Worked as a Priest in present day Netherlands Preached about pure and simple Christian life Preached about pure and simple Christian life

11 Praise of Folly In Praise of Folly – poked fun at many people in society and the church In Praise of Folly – poked fun at many people in society and the church Led to Protestant Reformation Led to Protestant Reformation

12 Thomas More Contemporary of Erasmus 1516 – wrote Utopia – about an imaginary land inhabited by peace- loving people. Criticizes English government while offering his view of a perfect society

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14 Northern Renaissance Writers 1. William Shakespeare 1. William Shakespeare 2. Christine de Pisan 2. Christine de Pisan

15 William Shakespeare Wrote plays and poems that showed a deep understanding of human beings. Wrote plays and poems that showed a deep understanding of human beings. Revealed the souls of real men and women. Revealed the souls of real men and women. Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night’s DreamMacbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night’s Dream

16 Macbeth Early 1600s Early 1600s About the King Macbeth of Scotland About the King Macbeth of Scotland Shortest of Shakespeare’s tragedies Shortest of Shakespeare’s tragedies Deals with murder and ghosts Deals with murder and ghosts

17 Romeo and Juliet Written in the 1590s Written in the 1590s About two teenage lovers About two teenage lovers Untimely deaths of the two teenagers lead their feuding families to unite Untimely deaths of the two teenagers lead their feuding families to unite

18 Hamlet The play, set in Denmark, recounts how Prince Hamlet wants revenge on his uncle Claudius The play, set in Denmark, recounts how Prince Hamlet wants revenge on his uncle Claudius Claudius murdered his father and married his mother Claudius murdered his father and married his mother

19 Christine de Pisan Italian born writer Italian born writer Wrote The City of Women that discussed women’s roles in society Wrote The City of Women that discussed women’s roles in society Champion of equality and education of women Champion of equality and education of women

20 Elizabethan Age Renaissance in England called “Elizabethan Age” (named after Queen Elizabeth 1) Renaissance in England called “Elizabethan Age” (named after Queen Elizabeth 1) Elizabeth was well- educated Elizabeth was well- educated

21 Northern Renaissance Artists 1. Albrecht Durer-DETAILS 1. Albrecht Durer-DETAILS 2. Jane van Eyck 2. Jane van Eyck 3. Hans Holbein 3. Hans Holbein 4. Peter Brueghel 4. Peter Brueghel Northern Artists-used oil to paint and used a candle or light from a window to represent God’s presence Northern Artists-used oil to paint and used a candle or light from a window to represent God’s presence

22 Albrecht Durer Self Portrait Self Portrait Painted in oils Painted in oils

23 Jan van Eyck Focused on landscapes and everyday life Focused on landscapes and everyday life Flemish school of painting Flemish school of painting

24 Jan van Eyck

25 Hans Holbein The Ambassadors

26 Pieter Bruegel scenes from peasant life


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