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The Northern Renaissance Chapter 1, Section 2. Spread of Ren. Ideas  In the 1400s, the ideas of the Italian Renaissance began to spread to Northern Europe.

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Presentation on theme: "The Northern Renaissance Chapter 1, Section 2. Spread of Ren. Ideas  In the 1400s, the ideas of the Italian Renaissance began to spread to Northern Europe."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Northern Renaissance Chapter 1, Section 2

2 Spread of Ren. Ideas  In the 1400s, the ideas of the Italian Renaissance began to spread to Northern Europe  Specifically these ideas spread to England, France, Germany, and Flanders

3 Northern Renaissance Begins  By 1450, the population in Northern Europe was growing again because the Bubonic Plague began to subside, and the 100 Years War ended  As a result, cities grew rapidly (beginning in Flanders)  Patronage increase dramatically  Rich monarchs could afford to patronize the arts

4 Artistic Ideas Spread  In the Northern Renaissance, there is an emphasis on realism (making art look as realistic as possible)  One major cause of the spread of artistic ideas begins in 1494, when the French king claims the Kingdom of Naples (in Italy) for himself.  As a result of the fighting, there is trading of ideas from people travelling between the two areas

5 Albrecht Dürer  German artist who specialized in woodcuttings and engravings  His work included religious subjects, classical myths, and realistic landscapes  Dürer is widely regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance


7 Hans Holbein the Younger  Influenced by Dürer  Created paintings that were almost photographic in nature  Immigrated to England, painted Henry VIII

8 Flemish Painters  During the 15 th century, Flanders was the artistic center of Northern Europe  Jan Van Eyck ( ) was a very influential Flemish painter  Used oil-based paint, he would apply many layers of paint to capture rich color  His paintings were very realistic, and seemed to convey personality


10 Flemish Painters  Peaked in 1550 with Pieter Bruegel  Bruegel portrayed incredible detail and individual people  Scenes were from daily life: weddings, dances, and harvests


12 Northern Writers Try to Reform Society  The northern writers want to revive classical languages and texts  Northern humanists were critical of the failure of the Christian Church to inspire people to live a Christian life  Created Christian humanism-focused on reforming society; they would achieve this by emphasizing education for men AND women

13 Christian humanist writers  Desiderius Erasmus ( ), a Catholic priest from Holland  In 1509 he wrote The Praise of Folly, which poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars and pompous priests.  He believed in Christianity of the heart, not ceremony or rules

14 Christian humanist writers  Sir Thomas More ( ), he was an English lawyer, philosopher, author, statesman, and humanist  Best known for writing Utopia (1516), a book that described an ideal society, originally written in Latin

15 Women’s Reforms  The vast majority of the European population could not read or write  Any family that could afford schooling would probably send sons  Christine de Pizan was a highly-educated female writer who wrote short stories, biographies, novels, and military manuals, all in French

16 The Elizabethan Age  The Renaissance spreads to England in the mid 1500s  The Elizabethan Age is so named for the Queen of England who reigned from  She was the daughter of King Henry VIII (the guy with 6 wives)  Elizabeth was religious, but she held many Renaissance ideas that people were capable of impacting their own lives  Spoke French, Italian, Latin, and Greek  Wrote poetry and music

17 William Shakespeare  Lived , regarded as the greatest writer in the English language, greatest playwright of all time  He revered the classics, and often used them as inspiration and plots  His most famous works include Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and the Taming of the Shrew  Still popular today: The Lion King, Gnomeo and Juliet, 10 Things I Hate About You, Aladdin

18 Printing Spreads Ren. Ideas  The Chinese invented block printing-carved letter or word on a wooden block, inked block, then printed  Movable type was created in 1045 by Bi Sheng, but it was regarded as impractical since there are thousands of characters in the Chinese language

19  During the 13 th century, block printed items began to enter Europe from Asia (still dealing with the Middle Ages in Europe at that time)  Process was still too slow  At that time, it would take a person 5 months to hand copy a book

20 Johann Gutenburg  Around 1440, Gutenburg developed the modern printing press by combining several techniques  He printed a Bible, called the Gutenburg Bible in 1455  This enabled printers to produce hundreds of copies (about 500 copies in 5 months  For the first time, books are cheap enough that many people could afford to buy them

21 The Legacy of the Renaissance  Period of great change  Break from medieval ideas about the church and God  Gradual rise of democratic ideas  Historians argue that the impact of movable print may be more important than computers

22 Legacy of Renaissance  Change in Arts  Drew on techniques and styles of classical Greece and Rome  Paintings and sculptures portrayed individuals and nature in a more realistic way  Secular and religious works  Writers used the vernacular  Praised individual achievement  Change in Society  Printing made information available and inexpensive  More books prompted an increased desire for learning and a rise in literacy  Published discoveries spur creativity  Published legal proceedings clarify the law  Christian humanists’ attempts to reform society change views about how life should be lived

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