2By the late 1400s, Renaissance ideas had spread to Northern Europe-especially England, Germany, and Flanders. These ideas spread by trade.The spread of the Renaissance northward occurred as Northern Europe recovered from the plague & The Hundred Years’ War ended (1453).Francis I of France and other monarchs helped royal courts play a major role in introducing Renaissance styles to Northern Europe.Humanist in Northern Europe were more interested in religious ideas than secular themes.
3German PaintersAlbrecht Durer was the most famous German painter of this time period.
4Hans Holbein the Younger-his paintings are almost photographic in detail.
6Flemish PaintersJan van Eyck developed oil paintings that are still used today.
7Pieter Bruegel the Elder-He was interested in realistic details and individual people. His paintings also protested harsh Spanish rule over his country.
8Northern WritersDesiderius Erasmus-Best known of the Christian Humanist. He wrote The Praise of Folly. It pokes fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priest.
9Thomas Moore- He was English. He wrote, Utopia Thomas Moore- He was English. He wrote, Utopia. Utopia means “no place,” but in English it has come to mean an ideal place because of Moore’s book.
10Francis Rabelais-A Frenchman that writes in Latin Francis Rabelais-A Frenchman that writes in Latin. He believed that human beings were basically good.
11William Shakespeare-English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare-English playwright, poet, and actor. Many people regard him as the greatest playwright of all time. His most famous plays include: Macbeth, King Lear, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet and the comedy A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
12Johann Gutenberg reinvented movable type around 1440 Johann Gutenberg reinvented movable type around Gutenberg invented the printing press.The Gutenberg Bible will be the first full-sized book printed with movable type.
13Effects of the Printing Press The printing press will make books cheap enough that many people could buy them.Because of the printing press new ideas will be spread quicker than ever before.It will cause the literacy rate to rise.Because Bibles will be printed in the vernacular people will begin reading them for themselves and demanding religious reform.
14TA17CRead Pages Copy and Define Terms on Page 494 (7) Copy and Answer Questions 13, 14, 15 on Page 502