Presentation on theme: "The Northern Renaissance"— Presentation transcript:
1The Northern Renaissance SOL WHII.2b, 2e, 3a, 3cThe Northern Renaissance
2The Northern Renaissance Begins By 1450 the population of northern Europe, which had declined due to the bubonic plague, was growing again.Remember—Italy was divided into city-statesMonarchs and rulers were often patrons to the arts
3Artistic Ideas Spread1494: French king claimed the throne in Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.As the war dragged on, many Italian artists and writers left for a safer life in Northern Europe.Brought with them the styles and techniques of the Italian Renaissance.
4Northern WritersItalian humanists were very interested in reviving classical languages and classical texts. When these ideas reached the north, people used them to examine the traditional teachings of the Church.The northern humanists were critical of the failure of the Christian Church to inspire people to live a Christian life.
5Christian Humanists THE BEST KNOWN HUMANISTS: ERASMUS – of Holland Wrote his most famous work – The Praise of Folly. This book poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.Believed in Christianity of the heart, NOT one of ceremonies and rules.In order to improve society…all people should study the Bible.
6Christian Humanists The other well-known Humanist: 2. Thomas More, from EnglandTried to show a better model of societyIn 1516, he wrote the book UtopiaThe book is about an imaginary land where greed, corruption, and war have been weeded out.Originally wrote in Latin, but was later translated into many languages
7The Elizabethan AgeThe Renaissance spread to England in the mid-1500s…this was known as the “Elizabethan Age” after Queen Elizabeth I who reigned from 1558 to 1603.She was well educated and spoke French, Italian, Latin and Greek.Supported the development of English art and literature
8William Shakespeare Most famous writer of the Elizabethan Age Used the classics for inspirationMost famous plays include the tragedies of Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, etc.
9Printing Press1440 – Johann Gutenberg from Germany developed a printing press that made it possible to produce books quickly and cheaply.Printed a complete Bible, the Gutenberg Bible, in 1455.It was the first full size book printed with movable type!
10Legacy of the Renaissance Broke away from the medieval focus on the ChurchBelieved in the dignity of the individualLed to the rise of democratic ideasMovable printing press spread ideasChanges in art: new techniques, realistic and lifelike, both secular and religious works, arts praised individual achievementChanges in society: printing made more information available, greater number of books prompted a desire for learning, people began to question political structures and religious practices