2 Structure Similarities United StatesJapanBicameral LegislatureCongress is made up of two parts; the Senate and the house of RepresentativesBicameral LegislatureThe National diet is made up of two parts; the House of Councillors and the House of Representatives
3 Select the president/minister Override bills by two thirds of vote Similarities- powersMake lawsImpeach officialsSelect the president/ministerOverride bills by two thirds of vote
4 Other similarities… United States Japan Members from The House of Representatives and from The Senate are elected by percent of vote by partyMembers of The House of Representatives and The house of Councillors are elected by percent of vote by party
5 Differences –Members Japan United States House of Councillors is made up of 242 membersThe House of Representatives is made up of 480 membersThe Senate is made up 100 membersThe House of Representatives is made up 435 members
6 Differences-Office terms JapanUnited StatesThe Senate- 6 year termsHouse of Representatives- 2 year termsHouse of Councillors-Fixed 6 year termsThe house of Representatives- Maximum 4 year terms
7 Differences-Representation United StatesJapanSenate = Equal representationHouse of Representatives = Proportional representationBoth houses use proportional representation
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