Presentation on theme: "“There’s no ‘there’ there.” Is “there” a noun or an adverb? Laura Blumenthal Douglas College."— Presentation transcript:
“There’s no ‘there’ there.” Is “there” a noun or an adverb? Laura Blumenthal Douglas College
Adverb Adverbial usages = at that place, to that place, usually at the end of a sentence or clause: O They have a laundromat and a café there. O Don’t go there!
Pronoun If it’s a pronoun, why doesn’t the verb agree with it, or why doesn’t it change forms? O There is a man; there are two women. O This is a man; these are two women. The form of the pronoun must change.
Pronoun If it’s a pronoun, why doesn’t the verb agree with it, or why doesn’t it change forms? It works like “what”: O What is the answer? O What are the reasons?
Which is more frequent? O Pronoun: 47 O Adverb: 3 O Source: lextutor.ca
Typical student errors O “They went to there” O “It was a place where were many people.” WHY?
“There is a library there.” (Translate into a language you know.)
Interference from L1 Spanish: Hay una biblioteca ahí. = It has a library there. French: Il y a une bibliothèque là-bas. = It has there a library down there. German: Es gibt eine Bibliothek dort. = It gives a library there. Turkish: Şurada kütüphane var. = At there library exists. Japanese: Asokoni toshokan-ga arimasu. = That place-in library (nominative) exists. Mandarin: Nàlǐ yǒu yīgè túshūguǎn. = That place there is a library. Korean: Do suh guan en jugi e yo. = Library is at place. Arabic: Tuwjad maktaba hunak = There is library there.
Resources C. Website – jackpot! There is a glass there, where the first there is a pronoun (the so-called 'existential there') and the other there is an adverb.There is a glass there, where the first there is a pronoun (the so-called 'existential there') and the other there is an adverb.– FumbleFingersNov 20 '13 at 4:11FumbleFingersNov 20 '13 at 4:11 http://english.stackexchange.com/question s/138413/how-to-know-what-part-of- speech-is-there-in-some-cases
Resources D. Grammar textbooks for teachers 1)Parrott, M. (2010) Grammar for English Language Teachers (2 nd ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2)Celce-Murcia, M. (1983) The Grammar Book: An ESL/EFL Teacher's Course. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Resources D. Grammar textbooks for teachers “there is/are” – explained as “dummy”subject confusion with the other there – not mentioned in Parrott “non-referential” - contrasted in Celce-Murcia
Concordance worksheet Your task: O Identify the different types of usages. O Decide with your partner what to call each different type. (50-instance Brown concordance, on lextutor.ca)
Concordance worksheet My results: Adverb: 3 there is (in various tenses + negative) O there is: 10 O there are: 5 O there was: 7 O there wasn’t: 1 O there were: 2 O there has been: 5 O there has not been: 1 O there will be: 2 O there’s not: 1 NOTE: there [BE] no 11! variations on there is: 22 O + adverb O there also is O there certainly was not O Hedging O there may be O there seemed to be O there should be O Should there be …? O there would be O Other: O there existed
Implications (for teaching) Teach both – contrast them. RE-introduce “there” = pronoun, when introducing O a structure that it goes with, or O a function such as hedging
Implications (for teaching) Include it in exercises about O modals (there will be, there would be), O past tense modals (there could have been, there must have been) O hedging (there seems to be, there are evidently, there could be, there is evidence of)
Implications (for teaching) Don’t forget question formation: O Will there be? O Would there be? O Could there have been? O Does there seem to be [hard!]? O Are there evidently [awkward]?
Thank you! With special thanks to my language support: O Yoriko Gillard O Haisen (Edwin) Zhang O Eun-Yu (David) Kim O Huda Al-Tayar O Amal Ayyash Laura Blumenthal (firstname.lastname@example.org)