Presentation on theme: "“There’s no ‘there’ there.”"— Presentation transcript:
1 “There’s no ‘there’ there.” Is “there” a noun or an adverb?Laura BlumenthalDouglas CollegePoll the room – establish that different people have different ideas.
2 AdverbAdverbial usages = at that place, to that place, usually at the end of a sentence or clause:They have a laundromat and a café there.Don’t go there!
3 PronounIf it’s a pronoun, why doesn’t the verb agree with it, or why doesn’t it change forms?There is a man; there are two women.This is a man; these are two women. The form of the pronoun must change.Note: There doesn’t change: this/these does.
4 PronounIf it’s a pronoun, why doesn’t the verb agree with it, or why doesn’t it change forms?It works like “what”:What is the answer?What are the reasons?
5 Which is more frequent?Pronoun: 47Adverb: 3Source: lextutor.ca
6 Typical student errors “They went to there”“It was a place where were many people.”WHY?Even advanced students may produce sentences like “They went to there” or “It was a place where were many people.” Why is the word “there” confusing to students, and how can we make it clearer?
8 Interference from L1 “There is a library there.” (Translate into a language you know.)
9 Interference from L1Spanish: Hay una biblioteca ahí. = It has a library there. French: Il y a une bibliothèque là-bas. = It has there a library down there. German: Es gibt eine Bibliothek dort. = It gives a library there. Turkish: Şurada kütüphane var. = At there library exists. Japanese: Asokoni toshokan-ga arimasu. = That place-in library (nominative) exists. Mandarin: Nàlǐ yǒu yīgè túshūguǎn. = That place there is a library. Korean: Do suh guan en jugi e yo. = Library is at place. Arabic: Tuwjad maktaba hunak = There is library there.
10 ResourcesThe other reason: Not dealt with adequately in the resources.
20 Resources C. Website – jackpot! There is a glass there, where the first there is a pronoun (the so-called 'existential there') and the other there is an adverb.– FumbleFingersNov 20 '13 at 4:11
21 Resources D. Grammar textbooks for teachers Parrott, M. (2010) Grammar for English Language Teachers (2nd ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Celce-Murcia, M. (1983) The Grammar Book: An ESL/EFL Teacher's Course. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
22 Resources D. Grammar textbooks for teachers “there is/are” – explained as “dummy”subjectconfusion with the other there – not mentioned in Parrott“non-referential” - contrasted in Celce-Murcia
25 Concordance worksheet Your task:Identify the different types of usages.Decide with your partner what to call each different type.(50-instance Brown concordance, on lextutor.ca)
26 Concordance worksheet My results: Adverb: 3there is (in various tenses + negative)there is: 10there are: 5there was: 7there wasn’t: 1there were: 2there has been: 5there has not been: 1there will be: 2there’s not: 1NOTE: there [BE] no 11!variations on there is: 22+ adverbthere also isthere certainly was notHedgingthere may bethere seemed to bethere should beShould there be …?there would beOther:there existed
27 Implications (for teaching) Teach both – contrast them.RE-introduce “there” = pronoun, when introducinga structure that it goes with, ora function such as hedging
28 Implications (for teaching) Include it in exercises aboutmodals (there will be, there would be),past tense modals (there could have been, there must have been)hedging (there seems to be, there are evidently, there could be, there is evidence of)
29 Implications (for teaching) Don’t forget question formation:Will there be?Would there be?Could there have been?Does there seem to be [hard!]?Are there evidently [awkward]?
30 Laura Blumenthal (email@example.com) Thank you!With special thanks to my language support:Yoriko GillardHaisen (Edwin) ZhangEun-Yu (David) KimHuda Al-TayarAmal AyyashLaura Blumenthal