Presentation on theme: "Focus On Grammar Book 2, 5th edition"— Presentation transcript:
1Focus On Grammar Book 2, 5th edition Lesson 3:USED TOandSimple Past Tense
23.1 – Used To For past customs and habits It is a modal, followed by the BASE FORMShe used to be nice. We used to study together.Negative!Like “HAVE TO” and some others, it thinks it is a real verb!!!Use DO DID (and the –D gets sucked off of USE)
33.1 (but it’s not in the book) Questions with USED TOIt thinks it’s a REAL VERB, not a helping verbUse DODID, and move it to the frontDid they use to eat chicken feet?What did they use to eat?Did he use to be a teacher?What did he use to be?
43.2 – Past Tense of BE Singular Plural 1st I was happy. We were happy. 2ndYou were happyYou were happy.3rdShe was happy.They were happy.Uses with THERE (there is, there are, there was, there were)NOT goes after the BE verbContractions was not wasn’t ; were not weren’tPassive Voice (and participial adjectives)Women BEAR children.People crowd the roomThe teacher excites the students.Ali broke the door.The police do not allow speeding.Is it passive or is it an adjective? Who cares? Jusst use it properly!
53.3 – the Simple Past of Other Verbs (not BE verbs) Add –ED to the endLots of irregular verbsDifferent spelling rulesPage 95(after learned or wanted, use the INFINITIVE)
63.4 – Irregular VerbsSee page 97; You REALLY NEED to know every one of these verbsYou also need to know the PAST PARTICIPLE of irregular verbsAny GOOD grammar book should have a list in the back, but you can Google it, too
73.5 – Negative Past Tense BE verbs are special Other verbs need DODID She is a student…Other verbs need DODIDShe ate rice.[She DO ate rice.][She DID eat rice.]She did not eat rice.She didn’t eat rice.
83.6 –Past Tense Questions Subject Questions are easy BE verbs are specialShe is a student…Other verbs need DODIDThe vacuum sucks the past tense off of the verb.Ali ate rice.Who ate rice.Did Ali eat rice?What did Ali eat?