4Hunger and the Brain Hypothalamus Neurotransmitters lateral hypothalamusinitiation of hunger and eatingventromedial hypothalamuscessation of hunger and eatingNeurotransmitters
5Obesity and Eating Behavior Psychological FactorsIn the past, the focus was onemotional stateexternal food cuesCurrent research is focusing ontime and place cuessugar and fat content
6Disordered Eating Anorexia Nervosa relentless pursuit of thinness through starvationmore common among femalesmain characteristicsless than 85% of normal weightunsupported fear of gaining weightdistorted body imageamenorrheamedical dangers and mortalityIM: Anorexia Nervosa Activity6
7Disordered Eating Causes of Anorexia and Bulimia sociocultural media imagesfamily interactionsbiologicalgeneticsserotonin regulationneurological effects of dieting, binging, purgingIM: Anorexia Nervosa Activity7
10Intrinsic v. Extrinsic Motivation Intrinsic Motivationorganismic needs + enjoyabilitykey to achievementExtrinsic Motivationincentives (rewards, punishments)Does extrinsic motivation undermine intrinsic motivation?
11Self-Determination Theory Three Basic Organismic Needscompetenceself-efficacy, mastery, expectations for successrelatednesswarm relations with others, need to belongautonomyindependence and self-relianceIM: Activity Handout 10.2: The Needs for Personal Growth