10ScanningWho wrote the letter?What is the purpose of the letter?
112. Introducing some different ways of becoming addicted. Listening & SkimmingRead the letter, then put the following sentences in the right order according to the structure of the letter.B1. The writer leads to the topic of the letter by talking about James’ problem of smoking.2. Introducing some different ways of becoming addicted.3.Telling the writer’s hope for his grandson and advice on stopping smoking.4. Telling the harmful effects of smoking.5. From the life the writer is leading now, we can know the importance of healthy life.CEDA
12physically habits mentally heart and lungs becoming pregnant run fast Information from the reading passageDifferent ways people can become addicted to cigarettes1.____________ addicted to nicotine.2.addicted through __________3. ___________ addictedHarmful physical effects for smokers1.do terrible damage to ________________________ .2.have difficulty in _________________________ .3.can not _______________ .physicallyhabitsmentallyheart and lungsbecoming pregnantrun fast
131.other people _________________ . Effects that a person’s smoking can have on other people1.other people _________________ .2. The cigarette smoke may do harm to __________________________ . .Effects that smoking can have on sporting performancebe unable to ______________ .dislike the smellother people near the smokerenjoy sport
14Do you think there are only these harmful effects of smoking? Question:Do you think there are only these harmful effects of smoking?Look at the following pictures and tell me what harmful effects the pictures show.
15Smoking will have a bad influence on your child, because they are more likely to begin smoking if they see you smoking at home.
16南方日报Smoking is not goodfor ___________smokers.secondhand
22( Use the second person. ) DiscussionHere are some situations, each group chooses one to discuss , every member should give at least one idea, the reporter writes down all the ideas, then some groups will be asked to give a report.( Use the second person. )
23Situation 1: Suppose you are a teacher, how will you persuade your students to quit smoking. Situation 2: Suppose you are a boss, how will you persuade your employees(职员） to quit smoking.Situation 3: Suppose your father is a smoker, how will you persuade him to quit smoking.Situation 4: Suppose your teacher is a smoker, how will you persuade him to quit smoking.
282. due to sth. / sb. 由于……这个队的成功很大程度上是她努力的结果。The team’s success was largely due to her efforts.以下短语都有“由于”的意思：owing to ,thanks to , on account of , because of , as a result of.be due to 归因于，一般用作表语。
293.addicted (adj.)有瘾的，成瘾的，上瘾的 be /become addicted to sth 对…….有瘾一些人已经吸毒/喝酒/赌博成瘾。Some people have become addicted to drugs / alcohol / gambling.
30(2) 对……痴迷，沉迷的，入迷她的儿子对电脑游戏入迷。Her son is addicted to computer games。(3) addictive (adj.) 使人上瘾的，使人入迷的Heroin is highly addictive.海洛因很容易使人上瘾。我觉得慢跑锻炼很使人着迷。I find jogging very addictive.
314.accustomed adj.经常的,习惯的This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to having nicotine in it.这就意味着一段时间后，你的身体逐渐习惯于尼古丁。be /get / grow / become accustomed to sth/doing.习惯于某事物/做某事be used to 习惯于某事物/做某事I’m not accustomed to getting up so early.My eyes slowly grew accustomed to the dark.
32He took his ____________ by the fire. 他在炉边惯常的座位上坐了下来。He took his ____________ by the fire.accustomed seat(通常的，惯常的，仅用于名词前)formal; usual
335.manage to do sth. = succeed in doing sth. 完成（困难的事）;设法对付/ 设法做成某事 How do you manage to stay so slim?Can you manage another piece of cake ?＝ Can you eat one more piece of cake?can / could manage sth. 做成某事
34(2) vt. 管理；经营，负责（公司，球队，组织等） manage a shop (business, factory, hotel)管理商店（企业/工厂/酒店等）manage one’s money理财manage a department / project负责一个部门/项目
35manage to do sth=succeed in doing sth.表示“设法作成某事”，try to do sth, 尽力做某事,至于结果成功与否不得而知。
36(1)quit vt. quitting; quitted; 停止;戒掉 6.When I was taken off school football team because I was too slow , I know it was time to quit smoking.当我因速度太慢而被校足球队开除时，我知道必须得戒烟了。(1)quit vt. quitting; quitted;停止;戒掉quit doing sth. = stop doing sth. = give up sth.We have only just started. We’re not going to quit now.
37(2) quit school / your job 尤其是因烦恼或不愉快而辞去（工作）； 辍学；离任；离校若不给我加薪，我就不干了。If I don’t get a pay rise, I’ll quit.
38SummaryRead the article about the advice on stopping smoking on Page 19, then finish the following summary of the passage.( Discuss in pairs )
39stressful benefits Throw away Reread relaxation chemist ashamed weaken Choose a day that is not __________ to quit smoking. Make a list of all the __________ you will get from stopping smoking. ___________ all your cigarettes at the end of the day before you plan to quit. ________ the list of benefits you wrote when you feel like smoking. Develop some other habits like walking, drinking some water, cleaning the house and so on to keep yourself busy. If you feel nervous or stressed, try to do some __________ exercises like deep breathing. You can stop smoking with a friend or join a group. If you feel really bad, ask a doctor or _________ for help. The most important thing is to keep trying. Don't feel ________ if you _________ because some people have to try many times before they finally quit smoking. Never give up and you will succeed.benefitsThrow awayRereadrelaxationchemistashamedweaken
407.decide on/ upon sth/ doing 对…..作出决定/决心（做某事） --- make up one’s mindAfter seeing all the candidates we’ve decided on (= ) this one.我们见了所有的候选人，决定选这位。chosen我已决定不到美国去渡假。againstI’ve decided ________going to America for my holidays.decide against 决定不….； 决定反对…….
418.ashamed adj.感到羞耻的，内疚的，惭愧的 Don’t be ashamed.不要感到羞耻。你撒这种谎应该感到羞耻。You should be ___________ yourself for telling such lies.ashamed ofbe ashamed of sth. / doing sth. / sb. / oneself
42(2) be ashamed to be / to do sth. 我真不好意思地说我向她撒谎。I’m ashamed to say that I lied to her.I feel ashamed that I haven’t written for so long.我很久未曾写信，甚为惭愧。ashamed 不能用于名词前作定语。
45Period 3 Learning about language Unit 3 A healthy lifePeriod 3 Learning about language
462. Complete the passage with the suitable words in their proper forms. Word-consolidation-II (2m)2. Complete the passage with the suitable words in their proper forms.Smoking __________, drinking _______ or taking other__________ produce many harmful effects and have no real benefits. So why do ___________do it? Some begin because they believe it makes them look cool. Others think it will help with _______.In their life possibly________ pressure from their parents or teachers.cigarettesalcoholdrugsadolescentsstressdue to
47eventually addicted quit manage Some just want to see what it is like. What they don’t realize is that they will get into the habit and __________ become ____________. It will then be difficult to _________ the habit. A few people ________to quit easily but for many it is a very painful process. Of course, the best way to deal with these drugs is not to start in the first place.eventuallyaddictedquitmanage
49It rains heavily (It is a rainy day). Approaching “It”It rains heavily (It is a rainy day).2. It is 20 kilometers from Grandad’s house to James’.3. It is November 11, 2005.4. It is 9 o’clock at night.5. It is bad to smoke.6. It is no good smoking.7. It is likely that he will succeed.
50Discovering “It” It rains heavily (It is a rainy day). 2. It is 20 kilometers from Grandad’s house to James’.3. It is November 11, 2005.4. It is 9 o’clock at night.5. It is bad to smoke.= _______ is bad.To smoke形式主语真正主语6. It is no good smoking.= ______ is no good.Smoking形式主语真正主语7. It is likely that he will succeed.= __________is likely.That he will succeed形式主语真正主语
51Proverbs(谚语)with “It”① It is never too old to learn.活到老，学到老。② It is easier to fall than to rise.摔倒容易爬起来难。③ It is no use crying over spilt（溢出的） milk.覆水难收。④ It never rains but it pours(泼水).不鸣则已，一鸣惊人。⑤ It is easy to open a shop but hard to keep italways open.创业容易守业难。⑥ It takes three generations（代） to makea gentleman.十年树木，百年树人。Group 1 ① _____Group 2 _______Group 3 _______Classify（分类） theproverbs accordingto the usages of “it”.
521.努力学习英语很必要。 对于我们来说，努力学习英语很必要。 2. 你把真相说出来了，真诚实。 It is necessary to work hard on English.对于我们来说，努力学习英语很必要。It is necessary __us to work hard on English.forTo work hard on English is necessary for us.2. 你把真相说出来了，真诚实。It is honest ___you to tell me the truth.ofYou are honest to tell me the truth.
53It’s + adj. of/for sb. to do sth 1. Work in groups of three and writeStudent 1 three namesStudent 2 three adjectivesStudent 3 three things to do2. Make sentencesaccording to the names,adjectives and sth toto on the paper, using the structure.
54Talk about the following pictures, using It is no use/good doing sth 做……没有用/不好It is fun doing sth 做……很有趣还想跑？甭想！想追我？没门！
55Ah! My milk is spilt（溢出）… I love it!“I told you not toplay with fire!”该死的电脑游戏！Ah! My milk is spilt（溢出）…
56Rewrite the following sentences, using “It’s … that”. I’m still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon. That is amazing.It is amazing that I am still fit enoughto cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon.2. My father has quit smoking. That is wonderful.It is wonderful that my father has quit smoking.3. You could suffer from bad health if you keepsmoking. ( It is likely).It is likely that you could suffer from bad healthif you keep smoking.
574. China produces one third of the world’s cigarettes. It is reported. It is reported that China produces one third ofthe world’s cigarettes.Bird flu(禽流感) hit China again.That is known to us.It is known to us thatbird flu(禽流感) hit China again.6. Li Yuchun got more than one millionyuan for the advertisement.People say that.It is said that Li Yuchun got more than one millionyuan for the advertisement.
587. Some young people think that they look attractive when they smoke.It seems that…It seems that some young people think they lookattractive when they smoke.
59project An unforgettable journey Student 1: Reporter Student 2: IntervieweeMake up a dialogue, asking and answering about the journey (e.g.: date, distance, weather,special local sites and products, feelings etc.)Use “it” as often as possible.When did you…?Was it Nov 1st when you went to …?How far was it? Was it far from…?How was the weather? Was it Sunny?What Was it famous for…?How did you feel? Was it excited of you to …Was it interesting to…?Patterns
60Unit 3 A healthy lifePeriod 4 Reading IIPeriod 4: 幻灯片45-67页
67World AIDS Day, 365 Days a Year Every December 1st is a day of understanding, care, and hope about HIV and AIDS. Still, It is the mission of AIDS.ORG to educate people how to protect themselves against HIV each and every day of the year.
68Task 1 InformationThe numbers are frightening: in 2002 more than __________ people in the world were living with ______ or_______. Of these, about _______ were children and more than __________ were between _____ and ______. Since the first case was discovered in ________, nearly _________ people have died of _________ and about ________ people died of the disease very year. Each year, more than ________ people become infected with the virus.40 millionHIVAIDS3 million11 million241524million1981AIDS3 million5 million
69Let’s have a competition: How much do you know about HIV/ AIDS? Group-work:Let’s have a competition:How much do you know about HIV/ AIDS?（True or False?）
70F F T F F T F T 1. Only bad people get AIDS. 2. I can become infected with HIV by swimming in a pool, holding hands or kissing someone with HIV.F3. In2002, there were more than 40 million people living with HIV/ AIDS in the world.TF4.You can only get HIV from injecting drugs(毒品).5. If I had HIV, I would know because I would feel sick.F6. HIV/ AIDS is difficult to cure.T7. People who have HIV look different from everyone else.F8. It is safe to be friends with people who are living with HIV/ AIDS.T
71Read the poster on P22 and then choose the answers to the following questions:
72The word “homosexuals” means______. People only attracted by the same sexPeople who don’t care about themselvesPeople who are very sexy.People who often have sex.2. We can infer from the passage that__________.A. HIV is the same as AIDS B. HIV is different from AIDS.C. HIV weakens a person’s immune system.D. You can have HIV in your blood for quite a long time.3. In order to stay safe, you ____________.should not use the needle someone else has used.have to avoid using anything else that the person has used while injecting drugs.should use a condom if you have sex with another one.All of the above.
73The word “homosexuals” means______. People only attracted by the same sexPeople who don’t care about themselvesPeople who are very sexy.People who often have sex.
742. We can infer from the passage that__________. A. HIV is equal to AIDS.B. HIV is different from AIDS.C. HIV weakens a person’s immune system.D. You can have HIV in your blood for quite a long time.
753. In order to stay safe, you ____________. should not use the needle someone else has used.have to avoid using anything else that the person has used while injecting drugs.should use a condom if you have sex with another one.All of the above.
781. risk (1)(u.) n. 危险性；There was some risk that fire would break out again.大火有再次烧起来的危险。be at risk 在危险中皮肤白皙的人患皮肤癌的危险性较大。People with fair skins are more ___ ＿＿＿ of skin cancer.atrisk
79at the risk of doing sth ; =at risk to (prep.) take (run) the risk of doing sth.;take (run) a risk (= risk v.)at all risks (=at any risk)冒...之险;冒...之险;无论冒什么危险; 无论如何We must save the child at any risk.
80(2) vt. 使…冒风险（或面临风险）risk sth. / doing /being done他冒着生命危险去救她。He risked his life trying to save her.我不想冒险失去你。I don’t want to risk losing you.
812.A people can not get HIV the first time they have sex. Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker.每当你要吸烟的时候，告诫自己是个非吸烟者。这是名词词组做连词引导时间状语从句。最常用的有几种情况every/each/any time; the + 序数词+ time, (the) next time;the moment/ the instant ,/the minute, immediately ,directly, (一… 就...)；
82每次我遇到麻烦，他总是帮我解决。Every / each time I was in trouble, he would come to help me out.我第一次爬上墙时，感到有点紧张。The first time I climbed onto the wall , I felt nervous.
83DiscussionHow should we act towards people who have HIV/ AIDS? What can we do to help them?(Discuss in groups of four)
84How should we act towards people who have HIV/AIDS How should we act towards people who have HIV/AIDS? What can we do to help them?Don’t look down upon them.Show love and care to them.Help them fight fear, shame and injustice(unfair).
85ActivitySuppose the Students’ Union(学生会) require you to design a poster about how to publicize AIDS and how to treat the infected people.Now work in groups of four to design the poster. You poster should include the following parts:(1)A slogan, a picture.(2)Introduction of some information about AIDS.(3)Knowledge about how to prevent from AIDS.(4)Opinions about how to treat the infected patients.
87Group membersTasksStudent 1In charge of (负责) designing a slogan and draw a simple picture for your poster.Student 2Write something about the introduction of AIDS.Student 3Write some information about how to prevent from AIDS.Student 4Write something about how to treat the patients.
88ABC1. Do you have a special slogan?2. Do you introduce some information about AIDS?3. Do you give some ideas on how to caring about the patient?4. Can others learn something from your poster about how to prevent from AIDS?5. Do you use some attractive and understandable pictures?
90The listening is a conversation between Tina Pre-listening----prediction (1m)The listening is a conversation between Tinaand Sara about going to a disco.Let’s predict:What kind of advise will Tina give to Sara?
91Answer key for exercise 1 The things Sara is worried about:1. drugs2. smoking3. alcohol4. dancing
92Answer key for exercise 2 Just say no. You don’t have to do anythingyou don’t want to.2. It is ok to drink orange juice or somethinginstead.3.It would be a good idea to have somethingto eat before you go out, like rice or noodles.4.If someone offers you a cigarette, don’t takeIt.5.Well ,you’ll have to learn. Let’s get my CDPlayer and I’ll teach you.
93Period 6 Speaking and writing Unit 3 A healthy lifePeriod 6 Speaking and writingPeriod 6: 幻灯片73-85页
95203 Thames StreetOxford, OX41LFFriday 11 Nov.Dear students in Class 20 Grade 2,Can you help me, please? I have tried to stop smoking several times. I am OK for two days and then I feel really sick and irritable and I have to start smoking again. I know smoking is a bad habit, but I just can’t seem to give it up. Do you have any useful tips?Yours sincerelyLi Xiaolei
96idea selectionChoose 3 pieces of most useful advice and write 2 or 3 sentences to explain how to do it.AdviceHow to do itMake a planMake a list of friends who smoke and places where you smoke. Don’t see those people and don't go to those places.
97Dear Xiaolei, (salutation)_____________________________________________________ ____________________________._____________________________________________________ ____________________________._____________________________________________________ ____________________.Yours sincerely, (closing)_____________ (signature)(body of the letter)
98show your sympathy for him and encourage him structurelist the advice on how to quit smokingexpress your wish
99Dear Xiao lei,______________(beginning of the letter) (show your sympathy for him and encourage him)___________________.________(the first piece of advice and more detail)________ _____________________________________.________(the second piece of advice and more detail)______ _____________________________________.________ (the third piece of advice and more detail)_______ _____________________________________.___________(end of the letter) (encourage him to be determined and express your wish)____________________.Yours sincerely,
100How to advise people about what to do ExpressionHow to advise people about what to doHow to advise people about what not to doIllustration(陈述)Addition (递增)Contrast (转折)Summary(总结)Do…You should…Don’t…Don't forget to…You don’t have to…It would be a good idea to…There is no need to…It’s OK/ all right to…It’s not necessary to…I think, In my opinion, I believeBesides, Moreover, In additionBut, on the other hand, otherwiseIn short, In brief, In all
101Peers correctingWork in groups. Read the writing and give a general mark to it. Then read it in detail. Point out and correct the mistakes in the writing and mark the writing in three aspects, content, language and organization.mistakes or confusing words, phrases or sentences: “________”beautiful words, phrases or sentences: “﹏﹏ ”
102Criterions1) clear meaning2) well organized3) correct and natural language and proper connections4) correct sentence patterns and tenseLevelABCDWhat do you think of the work?Excellent (A)Good (B)Average (C)Poor (D)Content (meaning)Language (grammar, vocabulary, phrases tense, etc)Organization (transitional words, structure)
103Heal the world ——Michael Jackson There's a place in your ______ And I know that it is ______And this place could be muchBrighter than _______And if you really tryYou'll find there's no need to ______In this place you'll feelThere's no hurt or ______
104There are _____ to get there If you care enough for the ______Make a little ______Make a better ______ ...Heal the worldMake it a ______ placeFor you and for meAnd the entire human ______There are people ______If you ______ enough for the livingMake it a better place For you and for me
105If you want to know ______ There's ______ that cannot ______Love is ______It only cares of ______ givingIf we ______ we shall seeIn this bliss we cannot ______Fear or dreadWe stop existing and ______ living
106Then it feels that ______ Love's enough for us ______So make a better worldMake a better world ...(chorus)Heal the worldMake it a ______ placeFor you and for meAnd the entire human ______There are people ______If you ______ enough for the livingMake it a better place For you and for me
107Heal the world heart love tomorrow cry sorrow ——Michael Jackson There's a place in your ______And I know that it is ______And this place could be muchBrighter than _______And if you really tryYou'll find there's no need to ______In this place you'll feelThere's no hurt or ______heartlovetomorrowcrysorrow
108ways living space place better race dying care There are _____ to get thereIf you care enough for the ______Make a little ______Make a better ______ ...Heal the worldMake it a ______ placeFor you and for meAnd the entire human ______There are people ______If you ______ enough for the livingMake it a better place For you and for mewayslivingspaceplacebetterracedyingcare
109If you want to know ______ There's ______ that cannot ______Love is ______It only cares of ______ givingIf we ______ we shall seeIn this bliss we cannot ______Fear or dreadWe stop existing and ______ livingwhyloveliestrongjoyfultryfeelstart
110always growing better race dying care Then it feels that ______ Love's enough for us ______So make a better worldMake a better world ...(chorus)Heal the worldMake it a ______ placeFor you and for meAnd the entire human ______There are people ______If you ______ enough for the livingMake it a better place For you and for mealwaysgrowingbetterracedyingcare