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Unit 3 healthy life There are two risk factors uncontrollable and controllable risk factors associated with any health problems. age race heredity.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 healthy life There are two risk factors uncontrollable and controllable risk factors associated with any health problems. age race heredity."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Unit 3 healthy life

3 There are two risk factors uncontrollable and controllable risk factors associated with any health problems. age race heredity

4 overweight

5 stress

6 Drinking alcohol

7 Cigarette smoking

8 lungs of a smoker lungs of a non-smoker

9 Tobacco kills more than heroin and cocaine together. ( )

10 No smoking

11 Scanning 1)Who wrote the letter? 2) What is the purpose of the letter?

12 Listening & Skimming Read the letter, then put the following sentences in the right order according to the structure of the letter. 1. The writer leads to the topic of the letter by talking about James problem of smoking. 2. Introducing some different ways of becoming addicted. 3.Telling the writers hope for his grandson and advice on stopping smoking. 4. Telling the harmful effects of smoking. 5. From the life the writer is leading now, we can know the importance of healthy life. A B C D E

13 Information from the reading passage Different ways people can become addicted to cigarettes 1.____________ addicted to nicotine. 2.addicted through __________ 3. ___________ addicted Harmful physical effects for smokers 1.do terrible damage to ________________________. 2.have difficulty in _________________________. 3.can not _______________. physically habits mentally heart and lungs becoming pregnant run fast

14 Effects that a persons smoking can have on other people 1.other people _________________. 2. The cigarette smoke may do harm to __________________________.. Effects that smoking can have on sporting performance be unable to ______________. dislike the smell other people near the smoker enjoy sport

15 Do you think there are only these harmful effects of smoking? Look at the following pictures and tell me what harmful effects the pictures show. Question:

16 Smoking will have a bad influence on your child, because they are more likely to begin smoking if they see you smoking at home.

17 Smoking is not good for ___________ smokers. secondhand

18 Smoking makes you bony.

19 Smoking is not good for our________. health

20 A waste of_______money

21 Smoking may cause ______.fire

22 air pollutionSmoking may cause ___________.

23 Discussion Here are some situations, each group chooses one to discuss, every member should give at least one idea, the reporter writes down all the ideas, then some groups will be asked to give a report. ( Use the second person. )

24 Situation 1: Suppose you are a teacher, how will you persuade your students to quit smoking. Situation 2: Suppose you are a boss, how will you persuade your employees( to quit smoking. Situation 3: Suppose your father is a smoker, how will you persuade him to quit smoking. Situation 4: Suppose your teacher is a smoker, how will you persuade him to quit smoking.

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26 1.stress Janes been _______ a lot of stress since her mothers illness. These are ____________ illnesses. under stress-related (1). n. (1). n. Reading 1.

27 I cant stress enough the need of cooperation. He stressed the importance of a good education. (2) (vt.)

28 (3) stressful (adj.) a stressful job a stressful situation a stressful lifestyle

29 2. due to sth. / sb. …… The teams success was largely due to her efforts. owing to,thanks to, on account of, because of, as a result of. be due to

30 3.addicted (adj.) be /become addicted to sth ……. / / Some people have become addicted to drugs / alcohol / gambling.

31 (2) …… Her son is addicted to computer games (3) addictive (adj.) Heroin is highly addictive. I find jogging very addictive.

32 4.accustomed adj., This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to having nicotine in it. be /get / grow / become accustomed to sth/doing. / be used to / Im not accustomed to getting up so early. My eyes slowly grew accustomed to the dark.

33 He took his ____________ by the fire. accustomed seat ( ) formal; usual

34 5.manage to do sth. = succeed in doing sth. ; / How do you manage to stay so slim? How do you manage to stay so slim? can / could manage sth. can / could manage sth. Can you manage another piece of cake ? Can you eat one more piece of cake? Can you eat one more piece of cake?

35 (2) vt. (2) vt. manage a shop (business, factory, hotel) manage ones money manage a department / project / / / / / /

36 manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth. try to do sth,,

37 6.When I was taken off school football team because I was too slow, I know it was time to quit smoking. (1)quit vt. quitting; quitted; ; quit doing sth. = stop doing sth. = give up sth. We have only just started. Were not going to quit now.

38 (2) quit school / your job If I dont get a pay rise, Ill quit.

39 Summary Read the article about the advice on stopping smoking on Page 19, then finish the following summary of the passage. ( Discuss in pairs )

40 Choose a day that is not __________ to quit smoking. Make a list of all the __________ you will get from stopping smoking. ___________ all your cigarettes at the end of the day before you plan to quit. ________ the list of benefits you wrote when you feel like smoking. Develop some other habits like walking, drinking some water, cleaning the house and so on to keep yourself busy. If you feel nervous or stressed, try to do some __________ exercises like deep breathing. You can stop smoking with a friend or join a group. If you feel really bad, ask a doctor or _________ for help. The most important thing is to keep trying. Don't feel ________ if you _________ because some people have to try many times before they finally quit smoking. Never give up and you will succeed. stressful benefits Throw away Reread relaxation chemist ashamedweaken

41 7.decide on/ upon sth/ doing ….. / --- After seeing all the candidates weve decided on (= ) this one. against decide against …. ……. decide against …. ……. make up ones mind chosen Ive decided ________going to America for my holidays. Ive decided ________going to America for my holidays.

42 8.ashamed adj. Dont be ashamed. You should be ___________ yourself for telling such lies. ashamed of be ashamed of sth. / doing sth. / sb. / oneself

43 (2) be ashamed to be / to do sth. Im ashamed to say that I lied to her. I feel ashamed that I havent written for so long. ashamed

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47 2. Complete the passage with the suitable words in their proper forms. Word-consolidation-II (2m) Smoking __________, drinking _______ or taking other__________ produce many harmful effects and have no real benefits. So why do ___________do it? Some begin because they believe it makes them look cool. Others think it will help with _______.In their life possibly________ pressure from their parents or teachers. cigarettes alcohol drugs adolescents stress due to

48 Some just want to see what it is like. What they dont realize is that they will get into the habit and __________ become ____________. It will then be difficult to _________ the habit. A few people ________to quit easily but for many it is a very painful process. Of course, the best way to deal with these drugs is not to start in the first place. eventually addicted quit manage

49 Grammar The use of it Grammar (5m)

50 1. It rains heavily (It is a rainy day). 2. It is 20 kilometers from Grandads house to James. 3. It is November 11, It is 9 oclock at night. 5. It is bad to smoke. 6. It is no good smoking. 7. It is likely that he will succeed. Approaching It

51 1. It rains heavily (It is a rainy day). 2. It is 20 kilometers from Grandads house to James. 3. It is November 11, It is 9 oclock at night. 6. It is no good smoking. 7. It is likely that he will succeed. Discovering It = _______ is bad. To smoke = ______ is no good. Smoking = __________ is likely. That he will succeed 5. It is bad to smoke.

52 It is never too old to learn. It is easier to fall than to rise. It is no use crying over spilt milk. It never rains but it pours( ). It is easy to open a shop but hard to keep it always open. It takes three generations to make a gentleman. Proverbs( ) with It Classify the proverbs according to the usages of it. Group 1 _____ Group 2 _______ Group 3 _______

53 1. It is necessary to work hard on English. It is necessary __us to work hard on English. for 2. It is honest ___you to tell me the truth. of To work hard on English is necessary for us. You are honest to tell me the truth.

54 1. Work in groups of three and write Student 1 three names Student 2 three adjectives Student 3 three things to do Its + adj. of/for sb. to do sth 2. Make sentences according to the names, adjectives and sth to to on the paper, using the structure.

55 Talk about the following pictures, using It is no use/good doing sth …… / It is fun doing sth ……

56 Ah! My milk is spilt … I told you not to play with fire! I love it!

57 It is wonderful that my father has quit smoking. 2. My father has quit smoking. That is wonderful. It is likely that you could suffer from bad health if you keep smoking. Rewrite the following sentences, using Its … that. 3. You could suffer from bad health if you keep smoking. ( It is likely). 1.Im still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon. That is amazing. It is amazing that I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon.

58 It is known to us that bird flu( ) hit China again. It is said that Li Yuchun got more than one million yuan for the advertisement. 5.Bird flu( ) hit China again. That is known to us. 6. Li Yuchun got more than one million yuan for the advertisement. People say that. 4. China produces one third of the worlds cigarettes. It is reported. It is reported that China produces one third of the worlds cigarettes.

59 7. Some young people think that they look attractive when they smoke. It seems that… It seems that some young people think they look attractive when they smoke.

60 Student 1: Reporter Student 2: Interviewee Make up a dialogue, asking and answering about the journey (e.g.: date, distance, weather, special local sites and products, feelings etc.) Use it as often as possible. An unforgettable journey When did you…?Was it Nov 1st when you went to …? How far was it? Was it far from…? How was the weather? Was it Sunny? What Was it famous for…? How did you feel? Was it excited of you to … Was it interesting to…? Patterns

61 Period 4: 45-67

62 HIV/ AIDS: Are you at risk?

63 What is HIV? It is a kind of virus. HIV is the short form for Human Immune Deficiency Virus( ). Pre-reading

64 What is AIDS? The full form of it is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome( ). It is a serious disease. incurable disease

65 Acquired Addicted Awful Insane Illness Immune Disease Deficiency Disabled Syndrome Symbol Sickness

66 There is no known cure for HIV and AIDS. So far, almost everyone who has developed AIDS has died. We are sure scientists will find a cure for HIV/AIDS one day.

67 1st December

68 Every December 1 st is a day of understanding, care, and hope about HIV and AIDS. Still, It is the mission of AIDS.ORG to educate people how to protect themselves against HIV each and every day of the year. World AIDS Day, 365 Days a Year

69 Task 1 Information The numbers are frightening: in 2002 more than __________ people in the world were living with ______ or_______. Of these, about _______ were children and more than __________ were between _____ and ______. Since the first case was discovered in ________, nearly _________ people have died of _________ and about ________ people died of the disease very year. Each year, more than ________ people become infected with the virus. 5 million 3 million 24million AIDS million 3 million HIVAIDS 40 million

70 Lets have a competition: How much do you know about HIV/ AIDS? Group-work: True or False?

71 2. I can become infected with HIV by swimming in a pool, holding hands or kissing someone with HIV. 1. Only bad people get AIDS. 8. It is safe to be friends with people who are living with HIV/ AIDS. 7. People who have HIV look different from everyone else. 6. HIV/ AIDS is difficult to cure. 5. If I had HIV, I would know because I would feel sick. 4.You can only get HIV from injecting drugs( ). 3. In2002, there were more than 40 million people living with HIV/ AIDS in the world. F F F T F F T T

72 Read the poster on P22 and then choose the answers to the following questions:

73 1.The word homosexuals means______. A.People only attracted by the same sex B.People who dont care about themselves C.People who are very sexy. D.People who often have sex. 2. We can infer from the passage that__________. A. HIV is the same as AIDS. B. HIV is different from AIDS. C. HIV weakens a persons immune system. D. You can have HIV in your blood for quite a long time. 3. In order to stay safe, you ____________. A.should not use the needle someone else has used. B.have to avoid using anything else that the person has used while injecting drugs. C.should use a condom if you have sex with another one. D.All of the above.

74 1.The word homosexuals means______. A.People only attracted by the same sex B.People who dont care about themselves C.People who are very sexy. D.People who often have sex.

75 2. We can infer from the passage that__________. A. HIV is equal to AIDS. B. HIV is different from AIDS. C. HIV weakens a persons immune system. D. You can have HIV in your blood for quite a long time.

76 3. In order to stay safe, you ____________. A.should not use the needle someone else has used. B.have to avoid using anything else that the person has used while injecting drugs. C.should use a condom if you have sex with another one. D.All of the above.

77 Henan AIDS village

78 Africa

79 1. risk (1)(u.) n. There was some risk that fire would break out again. be at risk People with fair skins are more ___ of skin cancer. at risk

80 at the risk of doing sth ; =at risk to (prep.) take (run) the risk of doing sth.; take (run) a risk (= risk v.) at all risks (=at any risk)... ;... ; ; ; We must save the child at any risk.

81 (2) vt. … risk sth. / doing /being done He risked his life trying to save her. I dont want to risk losing you.

82 2.A people can not get HIV the first time they have sex. Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker. every/each/any time; the + + time, (the) next time; the moment/ the instant,/the minute, immediately,directly, ( …...)

83 Every / each time I was in trouble, he would come to help me out. The first time I climbed onto the wall, I felt nervous.

84 How should we act towards people who have HIV/ AIDS? What can we do to help them? (Discuss in groups of four)

85 How should we act towards people who have HIV/AIDS? What can we do to help them? Dont look down upon them. Show love and care to them. Help them fight fear, shame and injustice(unfair).

86 Activity Suppose the Students Union( ) require you to design a poster about how to publicize AIDS and how to treat the infected people.Now work in groups of four to design the poster. You poster should include the following parts: (1)A slogan, a picture.A slogan (2)Introduction of some information about AIDS. (3)Knowledge about how to prevent from AIDS. (4)Opinions about how to treat the infected patients.

87 slogan

88 Group members Tasks Student 1 In charge of ( ) designing a slogan and draw a simple picture for your poster. Student 2Write something about the introduction of AIDS. Student 3Write some information about how to prevent from AIDS. Student 4Write something about how to treat the patients.

89 ABC 1. Do you have a special slogan? 2. Do you introduce some information about AIDS? 3. Do you give some ideas on how to caring about the patient? 4. Can others learn something from your poster about how to prevent from AIDS? 5. Do you use some attractive and understandable pictures?

90

91 The listening is a conversation between Tina and Sara about going to a disco. Lets predict: What kind of advise will Tina give to Sara? Pre-listening----prediction (1m)

92 Answer key for exercise 1 1. drugs 2. smoking 3. alcohol 4. dancing The things Sara is worried about:

93 Answer key for exercise 2 1.Just say no. You dont have to do anything you dont want to. 2. It is ok to drink orange juice or something instead. 3.It would be a good idea to have something to eat before you go out, like rice or noodles. 4.If someone offers you a cigarette, dont take It. 5.Well,youll have to learn. Lets get my CD Player and Ill teach you.

94 Period 6: 73-85

95 Li Xiaolei 203 Thames Street Oxford, OX41LF Class 2 Grade 2 GZ …Middle School, GZ, GD, China

96 203 Thames Street Oxford, OX41LF Friday 11 Nov. Dear students in Class 20 Grade 2, Can you help me, please? I have tried to stop smoking several times. I am OK for two days and then I feel really sick and irritable and I have to start smoking again. I know smoking is a bad habit, but I just cant seem to give it up. Do you have any useful tips? Yours sincerely Li Xiaolei

97 Choose 3 pieces of most useful advice and write 2 or 3 sentences to explain how to do it. AdviceHow to do it Make a planMake a list of friends who smoke and places where you smoke. Dont see those people and don't go to those places.

98 Dear Xiaolei, (salutation)_________________________________ ____________________ ____________________________. ___________________________________________ __________ ____________________________. ___________________________________________ __________ ____________________. Yours sincerely, (closing) _____________ (signature) (body of the letter)

99 structure show your sympathy for him and encourage him list the advice on how to quit smoking express your wish

100 Dear Xiao lei, ______________(beginning of the letter) (show your sympathy for him and encourage him)___________________. ________(the first piece of advice and more detail)________ _____________________________________. ________(the second piece of advice and more detail)______ _____________________________________. ________ (the third piece of advice and more detail)_______ _____________________________________. ___________(end of the letter) (encourage him to be determined and express your wish)____________________. Yours sincerely,

101 How to advise people about what to do How to advise people about what not to do Illustration ( ) Addition ( ) Contrast ( ) Summary ( ) Expression Do … Don't forget to… You should… It would be a good idea to… Besides, Moreover, In addition I think, In my opinion, I believe You dont have to… Its OK/ all right to… But, on the other hand, otherwise Dont… There is no need to… Its not necessary to… In short, In brief, In all

102 Work in groups. Read the writing and give a general mark to it. Then read it in detail. Point out and correct the mistakes in the writing and mark the writing in three aspects, content, language and organization. Peers correcting mistakes or confusing words, phrases or sentences: ________ beautiful words, phrases or sentences:

103 Criterions 1) clear meaning 2) well organized 3) correct and natural language and proper connections 4) correct sentence patterns and tense LevelABCD What do you think of the work? Excellent (A) Good (B) Average (C) Poor (D) Content (meaning) Language (grammar, vocabulary, phrases tense, etc) Organization (transitional words, structure)

104 Heal the world Michael Jackson There's a place in your ______ And I know that it is ______ And this place could be much Brighter than _______ And if you really try You'll find there's no need to ______ In this place you'll feel There's no hurt or ______

105 There are _____ to get there If you care enough for the ______ Make a little ______ Make a better ______... Heal the world Make it a ______ place For you and for me And the entire human ______ There are people ______ If you ______ enough for the living Make it a better place For you and for me

106 If you want to know ______ There's ______ that cannot ______ Love is ______ It only cares of ______ giving If we ______ we shall see In this bliss we cannot ______ Fear or dread We stop existing and ______ living

107 Then it feels that ______ Love's enough for us ______ So make a better world Make a better world... (chorus) Heal the world Make it a ______ place For you and for me And the entire human ______ There are people ______ If you ______ enough for the living Make it a better place For you and for me

108 Heal the world Michael Jackson There's a place in your ______ And I know that it is ______ And this place could be much Brighter than _______ And if you really try You'll find there's no need to ______ In this place you'll feel There's no hurt or ______ heart love tomorrow cry sorrow

109 There are _____ to get there If you care enough for the ______ Make a little ______ Make a better ______... Heal the world Make it a ______ place For you and for me And the entire human ______ There are people ______ If you ______ enough for the living Make it a better place For you and for me ways living space place better race dying care

110 If you want to know ______ There's ______ that cannot ______ Love is ______ It only cares of ______ giving If we ______ we shall see In this bliss we cannot ______ Fear or dread We stop existing and ______ living why lovelie strong joyful try feel start

111 Then it feels that ______ Love's enough for us ______ So make a better world Make a better world... (chorus) Heal the world Make it a ______ place For you and for me And the entire human ______ There are people ______ If you ______ enough for the living Make it a better place For you and for me always growing better race dying care


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