Presentation on theme: "The Nazis and the Holocaust. Mizell, Matthew. “Title of Presentation.” Paisley Magnet School, Winston-Salem, NC. Date."— Presentation transcript:
The Nazis and the Holocaust
Mizell, Matthew. “Title of Presentation.” Paisley Magnet School, Winston-Salem, NC. Date
EQs: (1) What conditions led to the Holocaust? (2) What was the global response? (3) What were the effects?
Holocaust – destruction by fire
A History of Anti-Semitism Where did it all start? Around 2000 BC, Jews introduced monotheism (one god) into a polytheistic (many gods) world –They claim to be God’s Chosen People This stirs resentment and Jews are seen as “others ”
Christian and European Civilization For hundreds of years Christian Europe had regarded the Jews as the Christ - killers. Jews are forced to leave countries, persecuted, killed throughout history 500 – 1500 AD – creation of Jewish ghettoes
Why the Rise of Anti-Semitism in Germany? Germany was a powerful country by 1900 However, they lose WWI, punished severely, and their economy tanks. –Big Question: How could this have happened Hitler and Nazis use Jews as scapegoats – blaming them –To make Germany stronger, need to “purify” the German race (kill the Jews)
Nazi Beliefs Nazism = fascism + racism –Jews are not German, do not belong in Germany, and are sub-human
Nazi Race Hierarchy Chart Aryan Nordic Race - German Non-Aryran Nordic Race : Western/Northern European (France, Britain, Norway, US) Non-Nordic Caucasians: Southern Europe (Italian, Greek, etc…); Latin America Persians (the Middle East), Japanese, Chinese, etc… Africans, Slavic people in Eastern Europe, Russians Jews
Anti-Jewish Propaganda Indoctrinate population –Portray Jews as corrupt, selfish, evil, sub-human –Teach Anti-Semitism in schools –Portray pure Germans as stronger and smarter
Nuremburg Laws (1935) Denied citizenship to Jews Segregated Jews Banned marriage between Jews and non-Jews Jews had to wear yellow Star of David so they could be identified
Directions Place quiz on chair Work on Atomic Bomb sheet from Wednesday or the Holocaust sheet from yesterday. Turn them in when completed
Kristnallnacht (1938) “Night of Broken Glass” Nazi attack on Jewish businesses and synagogues in Germany
Jewish Removal from Society Nazis wanted to isolate Jews from Germans –Placed them in Ghettos which were fenced off with walls/barbed wire Favored them leaving the country
“The Jewish Question” Question: How to get rid of them? –In all the land taken by Nazi Germany Answer: The Final Solution –Genocide = systematic killing of an entire people
How was the Final Solution implemented? Death squads, mass shootings Starvation, Gas Chambers Concentration camps (Death camps and Work camps) – most in Poland –Auschwitz, Dachau, Bergen-Belsen –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5XJkCYs4RIhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5XJkCYs4RI
Righteous Among the Nations Non-Jews that protected or helped Jews during the Holocaust –Raoul Wallenberg, Oskar Schindler, Dietrich Bonheoffer, Wijsmuller Gertruida These people risked their lives to save thousands of Jews. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PdfilAhOEtY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PdfilAhOEtY Yad Vashem – official memorial in Israel for the “Righteous Among the Nations”
A MAP OF THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND DEATH CAMPS USED BY THE NAZIS.
After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald. Bales of hair shaven from Jews at Auschwitz
Soviet POWs at forced labor in 1943 exhuming bodies in the ravine at Babi Yar, where the Nazis had murdered over 33,000 Jews in September of 1941. In 1943, when the number of murdered Jews exceeded 1 million. Nazis ordered the bodies of those buried to be dug up and burned to destroy all traces.
16 of the 44 children taken from a French children’s home. They were sent to a concentration camp and later to Auschwitz. ONLY 1 SURVIVED A group of children at a concentration camp in Poland.
Nazis sift through a huge pile of clothes left by victims of the massacre. Two year old Mani Halef’s clothes are somewhere amongst these.
Between 1939 and 1945 six million Jews were murdered, along with hundreds of thousands of others, such as Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, disabled, and the mentally ill.
A Total of 6,000,000 Jews Percentage of Jews killed in each country
Jewish Displacement Jews wonder where to go after WWII ends –Get out of Europe Thousands will move to the U.S. Creation of Israel in 1948 –Most will move to Israel
Israel was not created in order to disappear - Israel will endure and flourish. It is the child of hope and the home of the brave. It can neither be broken by adversity nor demoralized by success. It carries the shield of democracy and it honors the sword of freedom. ~John F. Kennedy