6 A History of Anti-Semitism Where did it all start?Around 2000 BC, Jews introduced monotheism (one god) into a polytheistic (many gods) worldThey claim to be God’s Chosen PeopleThis stirs resentment and Jews are seen as “others”
7 Christian and European Civilization For hundreds of years Christian Europe had regarded the Jews as the Christ -killers.Jews are forced to leave countries, persecuted, killed throughout history500 – 1500 AD – creation of Jewish ghettoes
8 Why the Rise of Anti-Semitism in Germany? Germany was a powerful country by 1900However, they lose WWI, punished severely, and their economy tanks.Big Question: How could this have happenedHitler and Nazis use Jews as scapegoats – blaming themTo make Germany stronger, need to “purify” the German race (kill the Jews)
9 Nazism = fascism + racism Nazi BeliefsNazism = fascism + racismJews are not German, do not belong in Germany, and are sub-human
10 Nazi Race Hierarchy Chart Aryan Nordic Race - GermanNon-Aryran Nordic Race : Western/Northern European (France, Britain, Norway, US)Non-Nordic Caucasians: Southern Europe (Italian, Greek, etc…); Latin AmericaPersians (the Middle East), Japanese, Chinese, etc…Africans, Slavic people in Eastern Europe, RussiansJews
11 Anti-Jewish Propaganda Indoctrinate populationPortray Jews as corrupt, selfish, evil, sub-humanTeach Anti-Semitism in schoolsPortray pure Germans as stronger and smarter
18 Jewish Removal from Society Nazis wanted to isolate Jews from GermansPlaced them in Ghettos which were fenced off with walls/barbed wireFavored them leaving the country
19 “The Jewish Question” Question: How to get rid of them? In all the land taken by Nazi GermanyAnswer: The Final SolutionGenocide = systematic killing of an entire people
20 How was the Final Solution implemented? Death squads, mass shootingsStarvation, Gas ChambersConcentration camps (Death camps and Work camps) – most in PolandAuschwitz, Dachau, Bergen-Belsen
21 Righteous Among the Nations Non-Jews that protected or helped Jews during the HolocaustRaoul Wallenberg , Oskar Schindler, Dietrich Bonheoffer, Wijsmuller GertruidaThese people risked their lives to save thousands of Jews.Yad Vashem – official memorial in Israel for the “Righteous Among the Nations”
26 A MAP OF THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND DEATH CAMPS USED BY THE NAZIS. There were concentration camps and death camps. If you went to a death camp the chances of coming out alive were virtually nil.Even at concentration camps though you were likely to die from the appalling conditions.Or, if you were very young, old, or incapable of hard labour, it was likely you would be transferred to a death camp too.Anne Frank died at Belsen from Typhoid.Leonard Leher's mother and sisters were sent to Sobibor.YOU MAY ASK "WHO WERE THESE PEOPLE WHO WERE SENT TO PLACES LIKE THIS?"THEY WERE CHILDREN JUST LIKE YOU. THE ONLY DIFFERENCE WAS THEIR RACE AND THE RELIGION THEY FOLLOWED.
27 Smoke rises as the bodies are burnt. NO.MORE OFTEN THAN NOT, ESPECIALLY WHEN THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE MURDERED GREW ESPECIALLY HIGH, NAZIS BURNED THE BODIES.SO WHAT OTHER METHODS WERE USED TO SYSTEMATICALLY MURDER THESE PEOPLE?
29 Bales of hair shaven from Jews at Auschwitz After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.THESE PICTURES SHOW WHAT THEY WANTED.WERE THE NAZI'S NOT WORRIED ABOUT THE CONSEQUENCES OF THEIR ACTIONS?DID THEY NOT THINK ABOUT WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN IF ALLIED COUNTRIES DISCOVERED WHAT WAS HAPPENING?
30 In 1943, when the number of murdered Jews exceeded 1 million In 1943, when the number of murdered Jews exceeded 1 million. Nazis ordered the bodies of those buried to be dug up and burned to destroy all traces.OBVIOUSLY TOWARDS THE END OF THE WAR THEY TRIED TO COVER THEIR TRACKS.IT WAS NOT GUILT THOUGH AND THEY DID NOT DO THE WORK THEMSELVES. THEY MADE JEWS AND OTHER PRISONERS OF WAR DIG UP THE BODIES AND BURN THEM INSTEAD.Soviet POWs at forced labor in 1943 exhuming bodies in the ravine at Babi Yar, where the Nazis had murdered over 33,000 Jews in September of 1941.
33 16 of the 44 children taken from a French children’s home. They were sent to a concentration camp and later to Auschwitz.ONLY 1 SURVIVEDHOW DID THEY KILL THESE INNOCENT CHILDREN, ALONG WITH THEIR PARENTS, GRANDPARENTS, FRIENDS ETC..YOU WILL ALL HAVE PROBABLY HEARD OF THE WAY NAZiS GASSED THE JEWS.A group of children at a concentration camp in Poland.
34 Nazis sift through a huge pile of clothes left by victims of the massacre. Two year old Mani Halef’s clothes are somewhere amongst these.GIVES SOME IDEA OF THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE.BUT WHY DID THE NAZI WANT THEM TO REMOVE THEIR CLOTHES?WHAT DID THEY WANT WITH THEIR JEWELLERY, CLOTHES, EVEN HAIR?
35 Between 1939 and 1945 six million Jews were murdered, along with hundreds of thousands of others, such as Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, disabled, and the mentally ill.
39 Percentage of Jews killed in each country AUSTRIA 35%POLAND 91%USSR 36%NORWAY 45%BELGIUM 45%LUXEMBOURG 55%ESTONIA 44%ROMANIA 84%HUNGARY 74%GREECE 87%YUGOSLAVIA 81%NETHERLANDS 71%LATVIA 84%How did they manage to get together all these Jews to kills them?How did they kill them when they had them?To begin with there were concentration camps.LITHUANIA 85%GERMANY 36%FRANCE 22%A Total of 6,000,000 Jews
40 Jewish Displacement Jews wonder where to go after WWII ends Get out of EuropeThousands will move to the U.S.Creation of Israel in 1948Most will move to Israel
42 Israel was not created in order to disappear - Israel will endure and flourish. It is the child of hope and the home of the brave. It can neither be broken by adversity nor demoralized by success. It carries the shield of democracy and it honors the sword of freedom. ~John F. Kennedy
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