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MONACO FINANCIAL CLUSTER Group 5: Lionel Gresse, Karen Muller, Jitka Šlechtová MBA 2011 Microeconomics of Competitiveness.

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Presentation on theme: "MONACO FINANCIAL CLUSTER Group 5: Lionel Gresse, Karen Muller, Jitka Šlechtová MBA 2011 Microeconomics of Competitiveness."— Presentation transcript:

1 MONACO FINANCIAL CLUSTER Group 5: Lionel Gresse, Karen Muller, Jitka Šlechtová MBA 2011 Microeconomics of Competitiveness

2 GEOGRAPHY Strategic location in the road between Italy and Spain City state 2nd smallest country in the world: 2 km2 Thin band of land on the sea shore Enclave in France Surrounded by mountains: Mont Agel and Tête-de-Chien High density population 32 796 inhabitants (2008) But only 6089 Monegasque citizens (2008) Rich population: GNP is 222 022 USD/inhab. (2008) Monaco Location Characteristics

3 HISTORY MONACO Monaco becomes Genoan 1191 1297François Grimaldi takes over Monaco A strategic position lead to difficult times Income tax abolished 142 years ago! 1489 Rainier III: the builder of today‘s Monaco 1869 Independance recognized by France Spanish protectorate French protectorate French occupation Sarde protectorate 1861 1815 1793 1641 1542 Revolution in 1848: Menton and Roquebrune separate themselves because taxes are too high 1848 Rebirth after bankruptcy and near extinction French protectorate – Menton and Roquebrune sold Very ancient settlements: prehistoric, Phocean, Roman

4 ECONOMY GDP by Sector GDP Growth Source: Département des Finances et de l’Économie de Monaco

5 ECONOMY Additional Information Source: Département des Finances et de l’Économie de Monaco

6 HISTORY OF THE FINANCIAL CLUSTER Sold Menton and Roquebrune to France Cancelled income tax Created the Casino and legalized gambling Created Monte Carlo CHARLES III Until 2000, based on large deposits evading taxes mainly for British and Italians citizens Large deposits of French citizens until 1963 From 2000, based on added value services 2009: Monaco is removed from OECD grey list PRIVATE BANKING SECTOR Strong entrepreneur spirit Build Monaco as a luxury brand (Grace Kelly, F1 Grand Prix, etc…) RAINIER III

7 PROFILE OF MONACO‘S FINANCIAL CLUSTER 1979 - financial center with specialization on private banking 2009 – €2bn turnover, 15.6% of total economy # of Employees – 2771 K The number of players in the financial cluster was unaffected by the financial crisis. Small cluster: about 80 B € in deposit and under management Dual regulation from France and Monaco Banque de France - banking commission and supervisor Commission de Contrôle des Activités Financières – Regulatory body for fund management Characteristics



10 PRIVATE BANKING Bank sector in Monaco has focused actively on private banking and wealth management. Monaco has 40 Private Banking Institutions. The real boom in the banking industry came in the year 1987 when the French banking authorities loosened the regulations which hinder the free flow of capital. Private Banking is still seen as not providing sophisticated services – Investor based here don’t want to just deposit their money and Monaco cannot offer the same services as Geneva or London. Private Banking in Monaco switched from a deposit/tax evasion model to an added value service model. Characteristics

11 FAMILY OFFICES Private company that manages investments for a single wealthy family. Large portion of the financial cluster of Monaco though difficult to quantify. No license requirement. A more aggressive and well-capitalized office may be engaged in: private equity placement, venture capital opportunities, real estate development. Strong development potential. Characteristics

12 FUND MANAGEMENT Management limited to Monaco or off-shore funds. Limited growth potential because Monaco based funds can not be sold in the EU. Only 6 billion € under management in Monaco funds Hedge funds are limited by the lack of supporting industries Fund administrators are really lacking IT services Telecom services Under control of the Principality’s Department of Finance and Economy Characteristics

13 FUND MANAGEMENT Venture capital funds face hurdles: Limitation of the legal framework, Limited number of local start-ups, They have to invest mostly abroad, Source of fund limited to local residents or private banking customers. Characteristics

14 MISSING ELEMENT: INSURANCE Typically an important part of a financial cluster. Large source of institutional investment. Missing in the cluster. No insurance can be based in Monaco. French-Monegasque agreement in 1963 for insurance code was never implemented. No law exists on how to license an insurance in Monaco. Insurances need to have a French insurance license. EU based insurances can’t operate in Monaco without a French license. Changing the law presents challenges Risk management rules would be difficult to write due to the size of Monaco. Allowing EU based insurances requires EU membership. Characteristics

15 SUPPORTING INSTITUTIONS CCAF: Commission de Contrôle des Activités Financières Authorization & compliance with law and regulations Controls & order administrative sanctions Supervises Fund management activities AMAF – Association Monégasque des Activités Financières Self regulatory association By law, all licensed financial institutions must be a member SICCFIN - anti money-laundering authority IUM Undergraduate and graduate financial education Research center in finance Executive MBA SUPPORTING INSTITUTIONS

16 SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES SOME INDUSTRIES ARE LACKING EXISTING IT services Telecom services Auditors Tax advisors NON – EXISTING Fund administrators Prime Brokers

17 ASSESSMENT OF REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS No tax on personal income FISCAL SYSTEM PHYSICAL SECURITY Highest density of policemen for inhabitant in the world 1 policeman for 60 inhabitants Living in Monaco is a status symbol World class events attracting the jet society IMAGE OF MONACO CLIMATE Mild winters Warm summer without excess heat +300 sunny days per year

18 COMPETING CLUSTERS London GFCI 1 The Financial Services Authority (FSA) is the regulator of the financial services industry in the UK 10% of UK GDP 2009 1.01 million employees (1 st half 2010) Geneva GFCI 9 Leader in asset management The Geneva Financial Center is the trade association 130 banks 3,000 billion CHF under management Malta GFCI 55 Emerging financial service center Smallest country in EU (413K inhabitants) 12 % of GPD and growing Regulatory body: Malta Financial Service Authority (MFSA) Promotion done by Finance Malta

19 CLUSTER DIAMOND + Homogeneous cluster + Intensive competition between players - No local cooperation FIRM STRATEGY & RIVALRY DEMAND CONDITIONS + local wealthy population + Legal financial services - No local sophisticated financial services - No UCITS 3 recognition in EU - Dependence on non local suppliers - Small number of research centers - Lack of university cooperation RELATED AND SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES FACTORS CONDITION + Attractive tax regime for individuals + Physical infrastructure + Consistent with other economic sectors + Very diverse population + Political stability - Limited social life - Small size of the country - Some supporting industries are missing GOVERNMENT + Improved regulation against money laundering and tax evasion + Oversight from the French central bank - Bureaucracy - The size of the country creates conflict of interests in the administration - No support for higher education

20 INSTITUTIONS FOR COLLABORATION AMAF Association Monégasque des Activités Financières Acts as the professional body for authorized institutions conducting banking or financial activities in the Principality AMAF represents 87 companies in the financial sector. 37 are banks, the majority of which are branches of the world’s large banks Jeune Chambre Economique de Monaco Supports young entrepreneurs

21 INSTITUTIONS FOR COLLABORATION CDE - Chambre de Développement Économique de Monaco Promotes Monegasque companies in the principality and to the international world MVCA – Monaco Venture Capital Association “Monaco Think-Tank” Quarterly informal forums of financial players Initiated by Lee Robinson On invitation only

22 TRENDS IN THE FINANCIAL INDUSTRY Fight against money laundering and tax evasion New international regulation and cooperation Radical change of the private banking industry Bank and traders taxation Exodus from London Islamic finance Muslim world economies are developing fast Not just petrodollars Non Muslim also appreciate this approach to finance Part of a more global trend to ethical investing

23 TRENDS IN THE FINANCIAL INDUSTRY Asian financial centers Emergence of Singapore and HK as private banking world class centers IPOs of western companies (Prada for instance) Home of today’s largest capitalizations

24 RECOMMENDATIONS Increase the local added value in private banking Certification for private bankers External recognition Pushes up local know-how State support for university research centers in private banking Diversify to emerging niche with strong growth potential Identify niches such as: Ethical and green investment Islamic finance Electronic micropayments Identify start-ups abroad and attract them to Monaco Optimize the legal framework if needed

25 RECOMMENDATIONS Educate high potential talent from abroad Organize contest for middle school student in foreign countries The best students get a full scholarship to study in Monaco from high school to Master Degree Creates a pool of locally trained talent if they decide to stay Creates a network of high potential individuals abroad if they live Attract fund administrators to support the hedge fund industry Engage with CITCO’s management and have them opening an agency in Monaco Assess the shortcoming of Monaco to Dublin and attract fund administrators based in Ireland Administrative bottlenecks Reduce the time needed to establish an investment fund in Monaco

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