Presentation on theme: "IQ Test http://alliqtests.com/tests/3/5/ Intelligence IQ Test http://alliqtests.com/tests/3/5/"— Presentation transcript:
1IQ Test http://alliqtests.com/tests/3/5/ IntelligenceIQ Test
2Objectives and agenda Objectives List the definitions of intelligence Work with the difference between intelligence and achievementOutline the different psychological ideas of intelligenceAgendaWarm-up—answer questions on intelligenceDiscuss warm-upTake intelligence testGroup—research the following psychologist’s ideas on intelligence—Charles Spearman, Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg
3Warm Up What is intelligence? List behaviors that you believe to characteristic of intelligent people, and then behaviors characteristic of unintelligent people.
4Achievement vs. Intelligence Achievement—knowledge and skills gained from experience. Things you know and can do.Intelligence—abilities to learn from experience, think rationally, and to deal effectively with others and the environment.Intelligence makes achievement possible
5Charles Spearman and The G-Factor General intelligence (g): Spearman’s belief that there is a single factor that underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.Specific intelligences tended to be positively correlated.
6Objectives and agenda Objectives Know the similarities and differences between alternate ideas of intelligenceArgue whether intelligence tests are the best way to determine intelligenceList why people have different intelligencesAgendaWarm-up--True intelligence?—Derek—Take notes and be ready to discuss from your notes if Derek is “Intelligent.Notes on Different types of IntelligenceIntelligence test—takeDiscuss different types of intelligence tests.The Real Rainman videoHomework—study guide for Unit III.
7Howard GARDNER “Multiple Intelligences” key nameHoward GARDNER___“Multiple Intelligences”From a biological point of view, Gardner has noted that brain damage often may diminish some abilities but not others.Gardner argues humans do not have one intelligence (g factor) but instead multiple intelligences which are relatively independent of the others.Worked with Maslow at U Wisconsin
8Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Gardner argues there are 9 intelligences:Verbal LinguisticLogical-mathematicalVisual SpatialBodily-kinestheticAuditory-musicalInterpersonal (sensitivity to the feelings of others)Intrapersonal (insight into one’s own inner feelings)Existential (insight into larger picture of life ((phil.))Naturalist (understanding laws that govern natural behavior)
9Howard GARDNER “Multiple Intelligences” - continued The existence of savants, prodigies and other exceptional individuals supports Gardner’s theory:The Real Rainman(http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid= &ei=uS6eS6qZD4ToqALuormBDQ&q=Kim+Peek+The+Real+Rain+Man&hl=en)Derek--60 minutesLily the geography wiz!(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r43yCiKlbCo)
10Robert SternbergSternberg looked to overcome the fact that although IQ tests predicted school tests relatively well, they did less well predicting vocational success.“The true measure of success is not how well one does in school……but how well one does.”
11Robert STERNBERG Triarchic theory of intelligence key nameRobert STERNBERG______Triarchic theory of intelligenceCreative (reacting to new situations and ideas)Analytical (academic problem solving)Practical (everyday tasks – common sense)Worked with Maslow at U Wisconsin
12Other Intelligences Emotional intelligence.—5 factors Self-awareness—recognize own feelingsMood management—distract from uncomfortable feeling. –how long they lastSelf motivation—move ahead with confidence and enthusiasmImpulse control—delay pleasure until task has been accomplishedPeople skills—ability to empathize, understand, communicate and cooperate
13key nameAlfred BINETCreated an intelligence test that could measure the mental age of school childrenWorked with Maslow at U WisconsinMental ageX 100 = IQChronological age
14Mental age X 100 = IQ Chronological age 12 X 100 = 120 10 10 What is the IQ of:a10-year-old with the mental age of a 12 year old?12X 100 = 12010an 8-year-old with the mental age of a 10 year old?10X 100 = 1258A 10-year-old with the mental age of a 9 year old?9X 100 = 9010
15Alfred Binet and Intelligence Tests Mental Age: chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Intelligence increased with ageA child who does as well as the average 8-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8.Binet did not believe his test measured inborn intelligence.
16Creator of the most widely used intelligence tests today key nameDavid WECHSLERCreator of the most widely used intelligence tests todayWISC: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for ChildrenWAIS: Wechsler Adult Intelligence ScaleVerbal & performance scoresWorked with Maslow at U Wisconsin
17Assessing Intelligence- Sample Items from the WAIS From Thorndike and Hagen, 1977VERBALGeneral InformationSimilaritiesArithmetic ReasoningVocabularyComprehensionDigit SpanPERFORMANCEPicture CompletionPicture ArrangementBlock DesignObject AssemblyDigit-Symbol Substitution
18Qualities of A Good Test To be accepted all psychological tests must be:StandardizedReliableValid
19Reliability vs. Validity (DON’T MIX THEM UP) Reliability—equals consistency—same scores for same person at different timesValidity deals with accuracy or predictability.Asks the question does the test measure what it is supposed to measure?
20Purpose of IQ test—Determine High IQ and low IQ’s Problems with Intelligence TestsNot perfectSome better than othersEducation and backgroundMotivationCulturally biasedWords and concepts used by particular groupsUnderstand meanings of some questions.Problem-solving methods
21The Normal Curve—”Bell Curve” Ninety-five percentof all people fallwithin 30 pointsof 100Number of scoresWechsler intelligence scoreSixty-eight percentof people scorewithin 15 pointsabove or below 100
22Broadening Theory of Intelligence Savant Syndrome: a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill.RainmanHigh intelligence does not guarantee creativityGifted—outstanding talent or to show potential for perform at remarkably high levels
23Mental RetardationMild Retardation: IQs from 50 to 70 – can read, do basic math, hold a job and take care of themselvesModerate Retardation: IQs from 35 to 49 – can speak, feed and dress themselves, work under supportive conditionsSevere Retardation: IQs from 20 to 34 – Require constant supervision, limited communication.Profound Retardation:Below 20--Barely communicate with basic emotional responses--Cannot feed or dress and dependent on others for care
24Causes of Mental Retardation Genetic disorders (Down Syndrome)Pregnant women who do drugs or drink alcoholDifficulties during childbirth
25Environmental Influences on Intelligence Genetics play a role in intelligence (because identical twins have similar IQs) but …the home environment and parenting styles can influence IQ and;preschool programs like Head Start affect IQ as well.SEE NEXT SLIDE
26Is Intelligence Genetic or Environmental? Influenced by both, but the most genetically similar have the most similar scores.Similarity ofintelligencescores(correlation)IdenticaltwinsrearedtogetherapartFraternalSiblingsUnrelatedindividuals