Presentation on theme: "AP World History Chapter 13"— Presentation transcript:
1 AP World History Chapter 13 The Spread of Chinese Civilization:Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
2 The Imperial Age Taika, Nara, and Heian (7th to 9th centuries) Borrowing from China at height
3 Taika ReformsCopy Chinese style of rule, two officials sent to China during Tang. They returned with information on government.Bureaucracy, Central Government StrongerOpposed by aristocracy, Buddhist monks
4 Heian Period Capital to Heian (Kyoto) Abandons Taika reforms Aristocracy restored to powerDuring the Heian the Fujiwara clan married their daughters to the heirs to the throne, thus ensuring their authority.The pleasure loving emperors lost control of policy to aristocratic court families.This loss of control led to Japanese Feudalism.
5 Court Life in the Heian Era Court cultureCodes of behaviorAesthetic enjoymentPoetryWomen and men take partLady Murasaki, Tale of Genji
6 The Decline of Imperial Power Fujiwara familyDominate governmentCooperate with BuddhistsElite cultRegional lords (bushi)Fortress basesSemi-independentSamuraiWarrior class emergesMartial arts esteemedSpecial codeFamily honorDeath rather than defeatSeppuku or hari-kiriPeasants lose status, freedomSalvationist Buddhism
7 The Era of Warrior Dominance By the 11th and 12th centuriesFamily rivalries dominateTaira, MinamotoThe Declining Influence of China838, Japanese embassies to China stoppedGempei Wars1185, Minamoto victoriousBakufu, military governmentKamakura, capital
8 The Breakdown of Bakufu Dominance and the Age of the Warlords YoritomoMinamoto leaderAssassinates relativesDeath brings succession struggleHojo familyMinamoto, emperor figureheadsAshikaga TakuajiMinamoto14th century, overthrows Kamakura ruleAshikaga Shogunate establishedEmperor driven from KyotoStruggle weakens all authority
9 Japanese Feudalism: 1467-1477, civil war among Ashikaga factions The Age of Warlords divided Japan into 300 small states each ruled by a different Warlord.The Emperor lost more control to the Shogons.
10 Toward Barbarism?Military Division and Social ChangeWarfare becomes more brutalDaimyo support commerceArtistic Solace for a Troubled AgeZen BuddhismImportant among elitePoint of contact with China
11 Korea: Between China and Japan Separate, but greatly influencedAncestors from Siberia, ManchuriaBy 4th century B.C.E., farming, metalworking
12 Tang Alliances and the Conquest of Korea 109 B.C.E., Choson kingdom conquered by HanSilla, PaekcheKoguryo peopleResist Chinese dominanceSinification increases after fall of the HanBuddhism an important vehicleSinification: The Tributary LinkSilla, Koryo dynasties ( )Peak of Chinese influenceSilla politically independent
13 Koryo Collapse, Dynastic Renewal RevoltsCaused by labor, tax burdensWeaken Silla, Koryo governments1231, Mongol invasionFollowed by turmoil1392, Yi dynasty foundedLasts until 1910
14 The Making of Vietnam, Chinese push south to Red River valley VietsRetain distinctivenessQinRaid into Vietnam, 220s B.C.E.Commerce increasedViets conquer Red River lordsMerge with Mon-Khmer, TaiCulture distinct from ChinaWomen generally have higher statusConquest and SinificationHanExpand, Vietnam becomes a tributaryfrom 111 B.C.E., direct controlChinese culture systematically introduced
15 The Making of Vietnam Roots of Resistance Resistance from aristocracy, peasantsWomen participate39 C.E., Revolt of Trung sistersWinning Independence and Continuing Chinese InfluencesDistance from China helps resistanceIndependence by 939 until 19th centuryLe Dynasty ( )Using Chinese-style bureaucracy
16 Expansion and Division The Making of VietnamThe Vietnamese Drive to the SouthIndianized KhmerDefeated, Viets expand into Mekong delta regionExpansion and DivisionHanoiFar from frontiersCultural divisions develop following intermarriage with Chams, KhmersNguyen dynastyCapital at Hue, by late 1500sChallenge Trinh in NorthRivalry until 18th century
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