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Chapter AP* Sixth Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience World Civilizations The Global Experience Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter AP* Sixth Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience World Civilizations The Global Experience Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter AP* Sixth Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience World Civilizations The Global Experience Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam 13

2 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Spread of Chinese Civilization I.Japan: The Imperial Age II.The Era of Warrior Dominance III.Korea: Between China and Japan IV.Between China and Southeast Asia: The Making of Vietnam

3 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Spread of Chinese Civilization

4 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Japan: The Imperial Age Taika, Nara, and Heian (7th to 9th centuries) –Borrowing from China at height

5 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Crisis at Nara and the Shift to Heian (Kyoto) Taika reforms –Copy Chinese style of rule –Bureaucracy –Opposed by aristocracy, Buddhist monks Capital to Heian (Kyoto) –Abandons Taika reforms –Aristocracy restored to power

6 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Ultracivilized: Court Life in the Heian Era Court culture –Codes of behavior –Aesthetic enjoyment –Poetry –Women and men take part  Lady Murasaki, Tale of Genji

7 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Japan in the Imperial and Warlord Periods

8 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Key Centers of East Asian Civilization, First Millennium C.E.

9 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Decline of Imperial Power Fujiwara family –Dominate government –Cooperate with Buddhists  Elite cult

10 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Rise of the Provincial Warrior Elite Regional lords (bushi) –Fortress bases –Semi-independent  Samurai

11 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Rise of the Provincial Warrior Elite Warrior class emerges –Martial arts esteemed –Special code  Family honor  Death rather than defeat  Seppuku or hari-kiri –Peasants lose status, freedom  Salvationist Buddhism

12 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Era of Warrior Dominance By the 11th and 12th centuries –Family rivalries dominate –Taira, Minamoto

13 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Declining Influence of China 838, Japanese embassies to China stopped Gempei Wars –1185, Minamoto victorious –Bakufu, military government –Kamakura, capital

14 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Era of Warrior Dominance The Breakdown of Bakufu Dominance and the Age of the Warlords –Yoritomo  Minamoto leader  Assassinates relatives  Death brings succession struggle –Hojo family  Minamoto, emperor figureheads

15 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Era of Warrior Dominance The Breakdown of Bakufu Dominance and the Age of the Warlords –Ashikaga Takuaji  Minamoto  14th century, overthrows Kamakura rule  Ashikaga Shogunate established  Emperor driven from Kyoto Struggle weakens all authority

16 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Era of Warrior Dominance The Breakdown of Bakufu Dominance and the Age of the Warlords – , civil war among Ashikaga factions  300 states Ruled by warlords (daimyo)

17 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Toward Barbarism? Military Division and Social Change Warfare becomes more brutal Daimyo support commerce

18 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Artistic Solace for a Troubled Age Zen Buddhism –Important among elite –Point of contact with China

19 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Korea: Between China and Japan Separate, but greatly influenced

20 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Beginnings Separate, but greatly influenced Ancestors from Siberia, Manchuria –By 4th century B.C.E., farming, metalworking 109 B.C.E., Choson kingdom conquered by Han –Silla, Paekche Koguryo people –Resist Chinese dominance

21 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Beginnings Sinification increases after fall of the Han –Buddhism an important vehicle

22 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Sinification: The Tributary Link Silla, Koryo dynasties ( ) –Peak of Chinese influence –but political independence

23 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Korean Peninsula During the Three Kingdoms Era

24 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Sinification of Korean Elite Culture Silla capital, Kumsong –copied Tang cities Buddhism favored

25 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Civilization for the Few Aristocracy most influenced by Chinese culture –All others serve them

26 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Koryo Collapse, Dynastic Renewal Revolts –Caused by labor, tax burdens –Weaken Silla, Koryo governments 1231, Mongol invasion –Followed by turmoil 1392, Yi dynasty founded –Lasts until 1910

27 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Between China and Southeast Asia: The Making of Vietnam Chinese push south –to Red River valley Viets –Retain distinctiveness Qin –Raid into Vietnam, 220s B.C.E. –Commerce increased –Viets conquer Red River lords

28 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Between China and Southeast Asia: The Making of Vietnam Merge with Mon-Khmer, Tai Culture distinct from China –Women generally have higher status

29 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Conquest and Sinification Han –Expand, Vietnam becomes a tributary –from 111 B.C.E., direct control –Chinese culture systematically introduced

30 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert South China and Vietnam on the Eve of the Han Conquest

31 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Roots of Resistance Resistance from aristocracy, peasants –Women participate 39 C.E., Revolt of Trung sisters

32 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Winning Independence and Continuing Chinese Influences Distance from China helps resistance Independence by 939 –until 19th century Le Dynasty ( ) –Using Chinese-style bureaucracy

33 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert The Vietnamese Drive to the South Indianized Khmer, Chams –Defeated, Viets expand into Mekong delta region

34 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Expansion and Division Hanoi –Far from frontiers –Cultural divisions develop following intermarriage with Chams, Khmers Nguyen dynasty –Capital at Hue, by late 1500s –Challenge Trinh in North –Rivalry until 18th century

35 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2004 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, AP* Sixth Edition Stearns Adas Schwartz Gilbert Global Connections: The East Asian Corner Emergence of three distinct civilizations –Lands good for agriculture, especially wet rice –Sinification in each, with variations  Buddhism important in this process –Korea – direct influence –Japan – no direct control –Vietnam – long struggle with China


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