Presentation on theme: "Overview What does ‘think’ mean? What are thinking skills? Can thinking be taught? What is the teacher’s role in teaching thinking skills? Activities Conclusions."— Presentation transcript:
1Developing Thinking Skills in the Young Learner Classroom Peter Lucantoni
2OverviewWhat does ‘think’ mean?What are thinking skills?Can thinking be taught?What is the teacher’s role in teaching thinking skills?ActivitiesConclusions
3Think about the word ‘think’. What does it mean to you? What does ‘think’ mean?Think about the word ‘think’. What does it mean to you?Make a list of at least five synonyms for ‘think’Draw a picture to represent ‘think’
4What does ‘think’ mean?Discuss these questions with your partner:How did you approach the previous activity? What did you do first, and how did you continue?Were you successful? Why/not?Did you enjoy the activity? Why/not?
5What does ‘think’ mean? Look at Handout 1 Complete each of the ten synonyms using the correct vowelsAre any the same as the ones from your own list?
6What does ‘think’ mean?Discuss these questions with your partner:How did you approach the previous activity? What did you do first, and how did you continue?Were you successful? Why/not?Did you enjoy the activity? Why/not?
7What are thinking skills? Children need more than curriculum knowledgeImportant for them to develop problem-solving and decision-making skills at an early ageNeed to assess new information and understand unexpected problems, and find solutions and evaluate their success[Adapted from: Teaching Young Learners to Think, Puchta & Williams, Helbling Languages, 2011]
8What are thinking skills? Thinking Skills are the mental processes we use to: solve problems, make decisions, ask questions, make plans, pass judgements, organise information, create new ideas, etcOften we are not aware of thinking - it happens automatically[Adapted from:
9What are thinking skills? Look at Word Trees Handout 2What is the language focus?Which age and level do you think the activity would be appropriate for?Which thinking skills are practised?How could you vary/extend the activity for different teaching/learning contexts?
10language focus? age / level? thinking skills? vary / extend? Teaching Young Learners to Think, Puchta & Williams, Helbling 2011
11What are thinking skills? But if we think about thinking, then we can become more efficient and more creative with our mindsResearchers at Newcastle University in the UK identified over 50 different classifications of thinking skills:[Adapted from:
12What are thinking skills? informationunderstandingbasicgatheringthinkingproductive
13What are thinking skills? Cognitive Thinking SkillsInformation GatheringBasic UnderstandingProductive ThinkingOrganising gathered informationLinking ideas togetherCreating, deciding, analysing, evaluatingUsing information and understandingForming conceptsSensing: seeing, hearing, touchingRetrieving: memory skills[Adapted from:
14What are thinking skills? Cognitive Thinking SkillsInformation GatheringBasic UnderstandingProductive ThinkingSensing: seeing, hearing, touchingRetrieving: memory skillsOrganising gathered informationForming conceptsLinking ideas togetherUsing information and understandingCreating, deciding, analysing, evaluating[Adapted from:
15What are thinking skills? How does the theory work in practice?Look at these examples from Super Minds 2 (Cambridge University Press, 2012)Notice how the examples move through the stages of information gathering, basic understanding and productive thinking
17Basic Understanding Organising gathered information Forming concepts Linking ideas together Super Minds 2
18Productive Thinking Using information and understanding Creating, deciding, analysing, evaluating Super Minds 2
19Can thinking be taught? Yes! Carol McGuiness (1999) working for the Department of Education, England, concluded:‘Pupils benefit from being coached in thinking … success was due to good teaching methods … learning thinking works well when supported by the teacher …’[Adapted from: Teaching Young Learners to Think, Puchta & Williams,Helbling Languages, 2011]
20What is the teacher’s role? Value ALL ideas and where necessary help the learners to express their ideasAccept everything from everybody: Albert Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, Henry Ford, Oprah Winfrey, Steve Wozniak, …
21What is the teacher’s role? Obviously, your role is crucialEncourage free, ‘off-the-wall’, creative thinking, without criticismDo not allow learners to feel inhibited due to lack of language confidenceErrors are part of language learning process
22What is the teacher’s role? Give learners time to think about what they are doing, to study the data, to plan an approach …Quick-fire responses can lead to impulsive guesses or simplistic answers rather than creative solutionsImportant for teacher to remind learners to take time to think
23What is the teacher’s role? Take all answers, ideas, suggestions from learners seriouslyUse challenges: Why do you think this?, How do you know?, How did you get this answer?, Where did you look?, Does everyone agree with you?Aim of thinking class is to seek ‘best’ answers and not always ‘right’ ones
24What is the teacher’s role? Set real tasks – learners use data, planning, explanationGet reflection on thinking strategies used – What caused difficulties? How were you successful?Establish learning points – learners give general advice on how to succeed, strategies used and naming themBuild a bridge – apply to other contexts
25Did we …… decide what ‘think’ means? … discuss what thinking skills are and if they can be taught? … look at the teacher’s role? … did we do some activities and make some conclusions?25