2URBAN LAND USE MODEL CBD (city centre) C19th housing and industry (Inner City)Early C20th housing (Inner Suburbs)Late C20th housing (Outer Suburbs)
3THE CBD (Central Business District) The CBD of the town was the first place to be built.It is full of shops, offices, restaurants and banks.There are very few houses here.Buildings in the CBD tend to be tall because the land is expensive,
7THE INNER CITYThis zone used to be full of large factories and rows of tenements or terraced houses built in the nineteenth century.Today many of the big factories have closed and the tenements have been modernised or replaced.
8GLASGOW’S INNER CITYFinnieston Crane – evidence of former ship building industries
9GLASGOW’S INNER CITYModernised Tenements in Govan
10GLASGOW’S INNER CITYHigh rise flats were built to replace some of the old tenements that had been demolished
15THE OUTER SUBURBS This is the most recent zone to appear. This zone has many large, modern houses built after WW2. It also contains some council estates.Recently small, modern industries and large shopping centres have been built here because the land is cheaper and there is more open space.
20THE Central Business District Grid Iron street patternTrain & Bus stationsLots of churchesTourist InformationRoutes converge
2119th Century Industry & Housing Large, irregular shaped industrial buildingsClose to river and railwayTenements nearby with grid iron patternLittle open space
22The 20th C: The Inner Suburbs Curved, geometric street pattern with ovals and crescentsMore open spaceDetached and semi detached houses with gardens
23The 20th C: The Outer Suburbs Edge of town locationIrregular street patternLots of open space
24Modern Industrial Estate Edge of town locationSmaller buildingsOpen spaceLandscapingGood road links
25Using map evidence, describe the differences between these two areas. 4 marks
26Denniston is near the city centre but Castlemilk is on the outskirts Using map evidence, describe the differences between these two areas marksDenniston has a grid iron street pattern, whereas Castlemilk has crescentsDenniston is near the city centre but Castlemilk is on the outskirtsDenniston has less open space than CastlemilkThe housing in Denniston is likely to be c19 or tenements, Castlemilk is likely to be modern housing with gardens
27EXTRA WORK On page 19 there are a selection of past paper to practice. Collect lined paper and complete the general question first.Then move on to do the Foundation or Credit questions
28Aberdeen MapworkGive 4-figure GR of CBD and give reasons for your choice.A group of students were asked to gather information about urban & industrial change in the field study area between GR 9406 to GR 8906.Describe in detail the gathering techniques they might use to complete such as assignment. Give reasons for using each technique.Describe and explain the differences between the 2 areas of Middleton Park (9211) and Kittybrewster (9207).Using map evidence explain the advantages & disadvantages of the site and situation of Aberdeen Airport (8712)3456
33Describe the differences between the two urban environments of Nunthorpe and Linthorpe/Marton Grove 5 marksRemember to use phrases such as unlike, similar to…What four features have been pointed out?What does this tell you about the area you are looking at?NOW DESCRIBE
34Describe the differences between the two residential areas of Coatbridge and Sunnyside. You must refer to map evidence marks
35Credit 2009 Q5 Look at Reference Diagram Q5. Give reasons for the patterns of the land use shown in both the suburbs and the Central Business District.One mark for a simple point, two marks for a developed point.No marks for description. Mark 4:2, 3:3, 2:4Possible answers include:-There are more shops and offices in the CBD due to its greater accessibility(1) as a result of there being stations located there (1) andA class roads converging (1).Land values are high in the CBD so only large shops and offices can afford the rents (1).There are hotels in the centre because they areclose to the stations (1).There is much less open space in the CBD due to the high demand for land (1).The residential land is mainly in the suburbs because land is cheaper there (1) and the environment is more suitable with cleaner air and less noise (1).There is industry in the suburbs because new industries are located at the edge of cities for ease of access by road, avoiding the traffic congestion of the centre (2).
36Credit 2008 Q5 Look at Reference Diagram Q5A. Explain in detail why there are different types of houses in Zones 1 and 3.Reference Diagram Q5B: Statement(b) Look at Reference Diagram Q5B.What techniques could a group of Geography students use to gather informationon changes in the Central Business District (CBD)?Give reasons for your chosen techniques. 5
37Answer One mark for a valid point. Two marks for a developed point. 1 mark for description. For full marks both zones must be referred to.Possible answers might include:Zone 1 19th CIn the inner city tenements/terraced housing was built to save space (1), because this zone is close to the CBD where land is expensive (1) this allowed high population densities (1), houses were close to industry because people had to walk to work (1), little open space or gardens as land was scarce (1).Zone 3 late 20th CBecause it is on edge of town where land is cheaper there will be low housing density (1), houses are larger, detached or semi detached with back and front gardens and garages (1), newer housing so better planned layout with cul-de-sacs and crescents (1).
38At least two techniques must be described At least two techniques must be described. Maximum of three marks if no reasons are given or if reference is made to only one technique. Do not credit the same reason twice.Mark 2:3 or 3:2.Possible answers might include:Comparison of old and new photographs (1) these could be displayed side by side to highlight changes in land use (1) and differences in the amount of open space, building heights and street layouts (1). Photographs could be annotated to show changes (1).Looking at old and present day maps (1), saves the need for time consuming fieldwork and would show changes in land use (1) and differences in the amount of open space (1), services available then and now (1).Fieldwork in CBD could record building age, height and function (1), able to record present day land use (1), would be able to compare this with old records, photographs of area (1).In any of the above give credit for old materials obtained from library/planning offices. 5 ES