Scientists believe Earth is the ideal _________from the sun to sustain life. It is the only planet known to sustain life.
Earth is the ________ planet from the sun.
The “_________ __________” are the five planets in the solar system that are farther from the sun.
___________ and Venus are 2 planets that are HOTTER than Earth due to their closer position to the sun.
Name the 5 outer planets and describe what they are made of.
The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. All of these are made up mostly of gases, except Pluto.
A rocket sitting on a launch pad is an example of ____________ energy, which is “stored energy.”
If a bicycle is rolling down a hill, we know that this moving bicycle has _________ energy, which is energy of motion.
The flow of heat energy through water such as when we boil water on a stove is called __________________
The food we eat is __________ energy that is stored as potential energy for our later use.
When a person burns his/her hand by touching a hot iron, this type of heat transfer is called _____________.
The blanket of air surrounding the Earth is called the Earth’s ___________________.
The lowest layer of Earth’s atmosphere is called the ________________.
All of Earth’s water is considered to be in the ___________________. What part of the word tells you this sphere has to do with water?
The “solid portion of the Earth” is called the ______________. What part of the word is a hint to help you remember what sphere land is considered?
The _____________________ describes how over time, igneous rock becomes sedimentary rock; sedimentary rock then becomes metamorphic rock.
Scientists (air traffic controllers) at airports use ___________________ technology to locate airplanes in the sky. Police can also use this to measure the speed of cars and trucks traveling on the highways.
An instrument called a _________________ is used to measure the strength of an earthquake.
__________________ is a type of technology that uses sound waves. This is how scientists locate (find) things in deep water such as finding a sunken ship at the bottom of the ocean.
A __________ ____________ is a type of technology used in dangerous space missions to study far away planets. These are valuable tools because they do not carry humans on these dangerous missions and this tool can actually collect surface samples.
________________ technology is used to study planets in our solar system. This technology is helpful for weather prediction and can also allow homes to receive television channels.
_________________ energy is produced when “electricity is generated from the force of falling water.”
_________________ is the form of energy transfer that allows us to feel the warmth of the sun on our skin. This type of energy moves through matter and empty space.
The layer of Earth’s atmosphere where weather occurs is called the _______________.
A metamorphic rock can change into an igneous rock, but first it must _________________ _________________.
Become hot enough to melt
The ___________ ____________ is a very expensive yet valuable telescope to study the planets. Because it is a space-based telescope, it can take pictures that are ten times (10X) clearer than Earth-based telescopes.