# Energy Notes.

## Presentation on theme: "Energy Notes."— Presentation transcript:

Energy Notes

What is the ability to cause a change in matter?
energy

What is the measure of how much work something can produce?
energy

Using force to move an object
What is work? Using force to move an object

Why is energy not a type of matter?
Matter: Solid, liquid, gas Energy: Ability to move matter around

Law of Conservation of Energy
What law states that energy can never be made or destroyed, but it can change forms? Law of Conservation of Energy

What do people use energy for?
Use the energy stored in food to move, to talk, and even to sleep

What is kinetic energy? Energy in motion

Give an example of kinetic energy.
Airplane flying Person riding a bike

What is potential energy?
Energy an object has because of its condition or position (stored energy)

Give an example of potential energy.
A ball sitting on a desk waiting to fall A book on a shelf waiting to fall

When can something have both kinetic and potential energy?
As a book falls from the shelf, it loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy

What is the movement of energy from one place or object to another?
Energy transfer

Give an example of transferring energy?
Throwing a basketball from yourself to your teammate, and then this person dribbles the ball.

What is energy that comes from the Sun?
Solar Energy

What does “solar” mean? “of the sun”

When do people use solar energy?
Solar-powered calculators

Energy from the Sun travels as ____________.

What are the two types of radiation?
Light- We can see Heat- We can feel

What would Earth be like without solar energy?
Ball of frozen rock with no life

How is solar energy useful?
Electricity for some buildings Heat water (swimming pools and home showers)

What are problems with solar energy?
expensive Many places do not have enough sunny days

What is energy stored in fuel called?
Chemical energy

How can it be released, and what is it when it is not being used?
By a chemical reaction (like burning) When it is not being used it is potential energy

Give an example of a chemical reaction.
Burning wood

What energy is the combination of all the potential and kinetic energy that something has?
Mechanical energy

Give an example of mechanical energy.
Helicopter moving- Kinetic Energy Fuel in tank- Chemical Energy, which is potential The combining of both causes mechanical energy

Electrical energy Electricity
What energy comes from an electric current? What is another name for it? Electrical energy Electricity

Give an example of electrical energy.

What is energy in the form of vibrations that travel through matter?
Sound energy

Give an example of sound energy.
Placing hands on radio and feeling the vibrations Feeling the vibrations of sounds with their feet

What is thermal energy? Heat energy

What is the transfer of thermal energy between objects with different temperatures?
Heat

How does thermal energy travel?
From warmer objects to a cooler object

What is transferred when you hold a hot mug?
Thermal energy goes from cup to your hand

What is lost from the same mug when you hold it?
Energy is lost in the mug and transferred to your hands.

What is the measurement of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in a substance?
Temperature

What is the most common way to produce heat by rubbing things together?
Friction

Give an example of friction.
Rubbing your hands together Slamming on the car’s brakes

What is a set of parts acting together as a whole object?
System

Give an example of a system.
A burner, a pot, and water are a system that produces thermal energy.

What is transfer of thermal energy from one object directly into another?
conduction

Give an example of conduction.
Holding a hot mug

What is the transfer of thermal energy through the movement of a gas or a liquid?
convection

Give an example of convection.
A pot of boiling water

What is the transfer of energy by waves that move through matter and space?

What doesn’t radiation need that conduction and convection need?
Matter for heat to travel through

What does conduction require?
Two objects must be in contact

What does convection require?
Requires a gas or a liquid

Heat or light bounces off an object
What is reflection? Heat or light bounces off an object

What is anything that slows the movement of thermal energy?
insulators

What is anything that allows thermal emery to move through it easily called?
conductors

Why is the handle on a spoon in a glass of hot coffee extremely hot and the foam cup is not very hot at all? Spoon: Metal and good conductor of heat Foam Cup: Insulator of heat

What is the best conductor of heat?
metal

Is a solid, liquid, or gas the easiest to transfer energy?

What is the poorest thermal conductor of heat?
Gases

What is hydroelectric energy?
Moving water that can spin to make electricity- Hoover Dam

What are fossil fuels and give some examples.
Fuels that formed from the remains of once-living things Coal, oil, and natural gas

What are the remains or traces of past life, and it is found in sedimentary rock?
Fossils

What is any material that can be used to satisfy a need?
Resource

Nonrenewable resource
What is a resource that, once used up, cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time? Nonrenewable resource

Give an example of a nonrenewable resource.
Oil, coal, natural gas

What is using less of something to make the supply last longer?
conservation

Give an example of conservation.
Using less hot water Less electricity

What is a resource that can be replaced within a reasonable amount of time?
Renewable resource

Give an example of a renewable resource.
Solar Energy (Sun) Wind

What is anything that dirties or harms the environment?
pollution

What are some forms of air pollution?
When coal, oil, and natural gas are burned, the gases are released into the atmosphere.

Wind turns windmills which generate electricity
What is wind energy? Wind turns windmills which generate electricity Bowling Green

What are the pros and cons of wind energy?
Pros: No pollution Cons: Costly and take up large areas of land