Presentation on theme: "Definitions of Tourism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Definitions of Tourism “Activity of people traveling away from their home community to engage in one or more of a variety of activities”“Study of: man away from his usual habitat, the industry which responds to his needs, and the impacts that both he and the industry have on the host socio-cultural, economic, and physical environments.”Dr. Jafar Jafari (Educator)
2 More Definitions!“The activities of a person outside his or her usual environment for less than a specified period of time, and whose main purpose of travel is other than exercise of an activity remunerated from the place visited.(World Trade Organization)“Study of man, or the ‘visitor,’ in the context of tourism which can call upon the disciplines of psychology, sociology, anthropology, economics, history, and others.”(Brent Ritchie, Educator)
3 Definition in Your Book The temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs.
4 Tourism’s Scope International Travelers to U.S. $94 billion American Travelers (outside) $82.0 billion= $12.0 billion surplus!!Directly employs 7.6 million people in U.S.World’s largest industry?In U.S. = 3rd (Auto & food stores)2nd only to health services in employment
5 Texas Tourism Travelers’ to = $29.2 billion annually! Over 450,000 tourism related jobsGenerates over $1.7 million in taxesRanks 2nd nationally as a destinationCali, TX, FL, NY, IL, NV# 2 in domestic travel as well!
7 Characteristics of Travel & Tourism MovementMulti-purposeExchange of MoneyIt’s local – It’s GlobalIt’s a massive growing industryMay be a compelling motive form someMay promote peace and understandingThe industry is fragmented
8 Tourism is Complex The tourist (business or pleasure?) The businesses providing goods/servicesThe government of the host communityThe host communityThus, one definition of tourism is the interaction of these perspectives in attracting and hosting tourists
10 Supply vs. Demand Supply (accom., food, transport., etc.) Demand (the Tourist’s desire)
11 When are we Tourists? Time Distance Purpose 24 hours = accommodations Day tripper or Excursionist?Distance50 miles? 100 miles?PurposeBusiness or Pleasure?
12 ONE Definition of a Tourist “A tourist is one who travels away from home for a distance of at least 50 miles (one way) for business, pleasure, personal affairs, or any other purpose except to commute to work, whether for an overnight stay or return the same day.”(Nat’l Tourism Resources Review Commission)
13 Phases of Tourism Anticipation & Planning Travel to the Site The on-site ExperienceReturn TravelRecollection
14 Tourism’s Impact on Community Energy Use (Water & Power)Urban RevitalizationEnvironmental QualityEconomic GrowthTrade Deficits (cars for tourists)Full EmploymentQuality of Life