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Definitions of Tourism Activity of people traveling away from their home community to engage in one or more of a variety of activities Study of: man away.

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Presentation on theme: "Definitions of Tourism Activity of people traveling away from their home community to engage in one or more of a variety of activities Study of: man away."— Presentation transcript:

1 Definitions of Tourism Activity of people traveling away from their home community to engage in one or more of a variety of activities Study of: man away from his usual habitat, the industry which responds to his needs, and the impacts that both he and the industry have on the host socio-cultural, economic, and physical environments. Dr. Jafar Jafari (Educator)

2 More Definitions! The activities of a person outside his or her usual environment for less than a specified period of time, and whose main purpose of travel is other than exercise of an activity remunerated from the place visited. (World Trade Organization) Study of man, or the visitor, in the context of tourism which can call upon the disciplines of psychology, sociology, anthropology, economics, history, and others. (Brent Ritchie, Educator)

3 Definition in Your Book The temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs. The temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs.

4 Tourisms Scope International Travelers to U.S. $94 billion International Travelers to U.S. $94 billion American Travelers (outside) $82.0 billion American Travelers (outside) $82.0 billion = $12.0 billion surplus!! = $12.0 billion surplus!! Directly employs 7.6 million people in U.S. Directly employs 7.6 million people in U.S. Worlds largest industry? Worlds largest industry? In U.S. = 3 rd (Auto & food stores) In U.S. = 3 rd (Auto & food stores) 2 nd only to health services in employment 2 nd only to health services in employment

5 Texas Tourism Travelers to = $29.2 billion annually! Travelers to = $29.2 billion annually! Over 450,000 tourism related jobs Over 450,000 tourism related jobs Generates over $1.7 million in taxes Generates over $1.7 million in taxes Ranks 2 nd nationally as a destination Ranks 2 nd nationally as a destination Cali, TX, FL, NY, IL, NV Cali, TX, FL, NY, IL, NV # 2 in domestic travel as well! # 2 in domestic travel as well!

6 Expenditure Patterns $.38 Transportation.26Food.17Lodging.10Entertainment.09Incidentals $1.00 $1.00

7 Characteristics of Travel & Tourism Movement Movement Multi-purpose Multi-purpose Exchange of Money Exchange of Money Its local – Its Global Its local – Its Global Its a massive growing industry Its a massive growing industry May be a compelling motive form some May be a compelling motive form some May promote peace and understanding May promote peace and understanding The industry is fragmented The industry is fragmented

8 Tourism is Complex 1. The tourist (business or pleasure?) 2. The businesses providing goods/services 3. The government of the host community 4. The host community Thus, one definition of tourism is the interaction of these perspectives in attracting and hosting tourists Thus, one definition of tourism is the interaction of these perspectives in attracting and hosting tourists

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10 Supply vs. Demand Supply (accom., food, transport., etc.) Demand (the Tourists desire)

11 When are we Tourists? Time Time 24 hours = accommodations 24 hours = accommodations Day tripper or Excursionist? Day tripper or Excursionist? Distance Distance 50 miles? 100 miles? 50 miles? 100 miles? Purpose Purpose Business or Pleasure? Business or Pleasure?

12 ONE Definition of a Tourist A tourist is one who travels away from home for a distance of at least 50 miles (one way) for business, pleasure, personal affairs, or any other purpose except to commute to work, whether for an overnight stay or return the same day. (Natl Tourism Resources Review Commission)

13 Phases of Tourism 1) Anticipation & Planning 2) Travel to the Site 3) The on-site Experience 4) Return Travel 5) Recollection

14 Tourisms Impact on Community Energy Use (Water & Power) Energy Use (Water & Power) Urban Revitalization Urban Revitalization Environmental Quality Environmental Quality Economic Growth Economic Growth Trade Deficits (cars for tourists) Trade Deficits (cars for tourists) Full Employment Full Employment Quality of Life Quality of Life


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