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Macromolecules Biology CP
Macromolecules Are BIG molecules! Building blocks of cells Small monomers combine to form a polymer All contain C, H, O
4 Types of Macromolecules 1. Proteins 2. Carbohydrates 3. Lipids 4. Nucleic Acids *All are organic – so all contain Carbon
Caloric Value Energy is stored in the bonds Proteins, carbs, lipids - different structures so different caloric values Lipids – highest caloric value Proteins and Carbs – same value
Proteins Functions - as enzymes, transport of material, self-defense, body structure
Proteins Monomer = amino acids Contains C, H, O, and N Are millions of different kinds
Lipid Base “Unit” Does not have a “true” monomer Triglyceride = 3 fatty acids + 1 glycerol All lipids are “hydrophobic” (nonpolar)
Lipids Fats and oils – Saturated - solid at room temperature Unsaturated – liquid Lipid examples: steroids, waxes, cholesterol
Lipids - Functions Long term energy storage Cushions internal organs Insulation for body against temperature extremes Important in hormones and vitamins
Carbohydrates monomer = monosaccharide or “simple sugar” Forms disaccharides and polysaccharides = polymers Forms long chains
Carbohydrates Important source of fiber for animals. Most fiber is cellulose Energy is released when bonds are broken; is the main source of energy Excess carbs are converted to fats
Starch and Glycogen Plants store energy as starch Animals store energy as glycogen in the liver and muscles
Order macromolecules are burned in the body Carbs first Lipids second Proteins third
Nucleic Acids Monomer = nucleotide Polymer = DNA or RNA Store and transmit the genetic material
Nucleotide (monomer) of DNA and RNA 5-carbon sugar + a phosphate + a nitrogenous base Information in DNA is used to make proteins
Which is DNA? Which is RNA?
The Building Blocks of Life Organic Molecules Chapter 6.
Organic Molecules Carbon = building block of life Carbon – 4 outer electrons (8 needed) – Up to 4 bonds with other atoms Monomer: Small carbon molecules.
2.3 Carbon-Based Molecules KEY CONCEPT Carbon-based molecules are the foundation of life.
1. Can you name this structure? Monosaccharide Organic Compound: Carbohydrate Monomer: Monosaccharide/Glucose.
Carbon Compounds Honors Biology. Organic Compounds Contain C Carbon is special because it contains 4 valence electrons – giving it the ability to form.
Macromolecules Chemistry of Life Notes Part 3. Remember: Key Elements in Biological Systems C H N O P S Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen Phosphorous Sulfur.
Carbon Based Molecules. KEY CONCEPT Carbon-based molecules are the foundation of life.
Organic compounds Carbon compounds – Organic compounds- primarily made of carbon Carbon can from four covalent bonds As a result, carbon can bon in a number.
BIOCHEMISTRY A Review of Biology. MACROMOLECULES Macromolecules are polymers that are made of smaller pieces called monomers (building blocks) The four.
Macromolecules! United Streaming Intro Video. Chemistry of Carbon Carbon can bond with many elements, including hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, sulfur,
Ch 2-3 Carbon Compounds Carbon is found in all living organisms.
Chemistry of Life Unit Chapter 2-3 INTRODUCTIONTOMACROMOLECULES.
+ Macromolecules of BioChemistry Organic Compounds.
Biochemistry Review Ch.5 CP Biology Organic Macromolecules Macromolecule literally means “Giant Molecule” Macromolecule literally means “Giant Molecule”
Carbohydrates Lipids Nucleic Acids Proteins Macromolecules.
Macromolecules Review. Carbohydrates Monomers: Simple sugars or monosaccharides Polymer: Polysaccharides Elements: (1:2:1 ratio C 1 H 2 O 1 ) Carbon.
MacromoleculesNovember 5 — 9, 2012 Categories of Macromolecules What are Four Types of Macromolecules? Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids.
KEY CONCEPT Carbon-based molecules are the foundation of life.
Organic Compounds Compounds containing carbon that make up living things.
MACROMOLECULES EOC REVIEW Carbon serves as the backbone Carbon forms covalent bonds.
Molecules of Life. Carbohydrates -Organic compounds -Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen -Three types: monosaccharide, disaccharide, and polysaccharide.
The 4 Macromolecules of Life. 1 - Carbohydrates -Contain ONLY carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen -Main source of energy -Include mono-, di-, and polysaccharide.
Biochemistry Review. Carbs.ProteinLipidsNuc. AcidMisc. $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY.
Macromolecules. Organic Compounds Organic compounds contain the element carbon Other elements often found in organic compounds include: hydrogen, oxygen,
REVIEW FOR TESTMACROMOLECULES. The four macromolecules are: Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids Nucleic acids.
Carbon Macromolecules Carbon forms covalent bonds with up to four other atoms, including other carbon atoms. Carbon-based molecules have three general.
2.3 Carbon-Based Molecules TEKS 9A The student is expected to: 9A compare the structures and functions of different types of biomolecules, including carbohydrates,
Carbon Compounds Chapter 2 sec. 3. carbon Organic compounds contain carbon.
Intro: What is a Macromolecule? Organic molecules all contain Carbon. They are huge molecules called polymers and are subdivided into their basic units.
Organic Macromolecules Graphic Organizer. Organic Molecule Carbohydrates Major FunctionsBuilding BlocksExamples Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids Graphic.
Biochemistry Notes. Carbon Organic molecules contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Carbon has 4 electrons available for bonding.
Macromolecules in Biology (also known as biomolecules) Chapter 2.
Bio-Chemistry Biology 1. Carbon – is found in all living things. 4 electrons in its outer energy level Carbon has the ability to bond with many different.
Carbon atoms have unique bonding properties. Carbon forms _______________ bonds with up to four other atoms, including other carbon atoms. Carbon-based.
What type of food? Carbohydrates, protein, lipids?
Molecules of Life. Section 2 Molecules of Life Chapter 3 Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in.
Organic Compounds: Biomolecules. I. Chemistry of Carbon A. Carbon has 4 valence e- B. Carbon can form 4 strong covalent bonds with atoms such as H, O,
MACROMOLECULES. The four macromolecules are: Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids Nucleic acids.
Carbs ENERGY Structural support of plants. Proteins.
What do you know? True or False Thumbs up for TRUE Thumbs down for FALSE Monomers are complex large molecules. FALSE.
Biochemistry Organic Compounds. What are organic compounds? Organic Compounds - have carbon bonded to other atoms and determine structure/function of.
Large carbon based molecules!. Has 4 valence e- Can form 4 covalent bonds Form long chains Form ring structures.
BIOMOLECULES Carbon Compounds in Cells. Organic Compounds Organic compounds consists of carbon and one or more additional elements covalently bonded to.
Macromolecules August 16, Objectives Identify macromolecule type from pictures or models Describe the functions of macromolecules Identify.
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