Presentation on theme: "Personality and Individuality By: Ty and Naddy"— Presentation transcript:
1Personality and Individuality By: Ty and Naddy Unit 5Personality and IndividualityBy: Ty and Naddy
2Different TraitsCardinal trait- a trait that is so persuasive that the person is almost identified with the traitOne of Tyler’s cardinal traits is his ways to amuse people by acting funnySurface trait- characteristic that can be observed in certain situationsBauder is a real nice guy, but when he’s on that basketball court he’s tough and meanSource trait- a characteristic that can be considered to be the core of the personalityOne of Naddy’s main source traits is she is carefree and lively
3MatchingBehaviorism- belief that the proper subject matter of psychology is objectively observable behavior and nothing elseValidity- the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measureUnconscious- the part of the mind that holds mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories of which are unaware but that strongly influences conscious behaviorsSelf- ones experience or image of oneself developed through interactions with othersHeritability- a measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factorsFully functioning- an individual whose person and self coincide
4Completion&Multiple Choice Ego- part of personality that is in touch with realityId- part of the unconscious personality that contains our needs, drives, and instincts, as well as repressed materialPercentile system- a system for ranking test scores that indicates the ratio of scores lower and higher than a given scoreReliability-ability of a test to give the same results under similar conditionsStandardized- tests must be administered and scored the same way every time
5Defensive Mechanisms Examples: Definition: certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protects itself against unpleasant impulses or circumstancesExamples:Rationalization- “Those test questions didn’t make sense!”Repression- “I hate you, Dad”Denial- “No, that really didn’t happen to me”Projection- “I’m not the jealous one, she is!”Reaction Formation- “Here son, I can’t have you this weekend, but here is 50 bucks, go have some fun”Regression- 16 year old boy: “WAAAAAHHHH”Displacement- “Grandma, your always in the way”Sublimation- “I’m going to work harder in practice because she makes me mad”
6TheoriesTwo-factor- Charles Spearman’s theory of intelligence that proposes that two factors contribute to an individual’s intelligenceSocial cognitive- Albert Bandura’s theory in which a person acquires new behavior by watching othersPersonal construct- George Kelly’s theory that our processes are psychological channelized by the ways in which each of us anticipates events
7Different TestsAchievement-an instrument used to measure the amount of knowledge a person has learned in a given subject or areaRorschach Inkblot- developed by Hermann Rorschach in which he uses ten cards with ink blots on them to elicit emotional responses from peopleProjective- an unstructured test of personality in which a person is asked to respond freely, giving his or her own interpretation of various ambiguous stimuliObjective- a forced-choice test designed to study personality characteristics in which a person must select one of several answers
8People of the Psych Carl Jung B.F. Skinner Freud’s closest associate He distinguished between the personal unconscious and the collective unconsciousHe called theseideas archetypesB.F. SkinnerHe founded the 5 purposes of the personality
9Humanistic Approaches to Personality They stress to create and live by personal standards and perceptions instead of instinctual urges or irrational and destructive instincts and/or external causes of behavior
10Short AnswerExplain the two sources of controversy surrounding IQ Testing.As genetic relationship increases the similarity of IQ also increasesEnvironment does in fact impact IQ’sExplain the two basic assumptions of trait theories of personalities.Every trait applies to all people, for example, everyone can be classified as more or less dependentThese descriptions can be quantified, for example, we might establish a scale on which an extremely dependent person scores one while a very independent person scores ten.
11Credits A Glanzer and Wipf Production Sound: Animations: Natalie Wipf Backdrops: Natalie Wipf and Tyler Glanzer Information at large: Tyler Glanzer Starring: Kevin Garnett as himself Latrell Sprewell as himself Sam Cassell as himself Christian Guzman as himself B.F. Skinner as himself Carl Jung as himself Baby smurf as itself Thank you for enjoying our show. Not responsible for any accidents.