18Sixteen year old Tom had started using drugs, and the changes in his behavior made it pretty obvious, but Tom’s parents didn’t believe the school principal when she called to talk to them about the problem. What defense mechanism is being used?
28Trixie was homesick and anxious when she moved into the dormitory and started her first year in college. She began to sleep with her old teddy bear again because it made her feel better. What defense mechanism is being used?
83A psychologist at the campus mental health center administered an empirically derived personality test to diagnose an emotionally troubled student. Which test did the psychologist most likely administer?The MMPIThe TATThe RorschachThe Wechsler
85In high school Britta and Debbie were best friends In high school Britta and Debbie were best friends. They thought they were a lot alike, as did everyone else who knew them. After high schools they went on to very different colleges, careers, and life courses. Now, at their 25th reunion, they are shocked at how little they have in common. Bandura would suggest that they differences reflect the interactive efforts of environment, personality, and behavior, which he refers to as:Reciprocal determinismPersonal controlIdentificationThe self-serving bias
87Wanda wishes to instill in her children an accepting attitude toward other people. Maslow and Rogers would probably recommend that she:Teach her children first to accept themselvesUse discipline sparinglyBe affectionate with her children only when they behave as she wishesDo all of the above
88A; teach her children first to accept themselves
89Andrew’s grandfather, who has lived a rich ad productive life, is a spontaneous, loving, and self-accepting person. Maslow might say that the grandfatherHas an internal locus of controlIs an extravertHas resolved all the conflicts of the psychosexual stagesIs a self-actualizing person
91The school psychologist believes that having a positive self-concept is necessary before students can achieve their potential. Evidently, the school psychologist is working within the ___perspective.PsychoanalyticTraitHumanisticSocial-cognitive