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Joint IO Task Analysis Advancing IO Force Development The overall classification of this brief is Unclassified Ms. Jocelyn Bundrum JS J7 JCW 757 203-7869.

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Presentation on theme: "Joint IO Task Analysis Advancing IO Force Development The overall classification of this brief is Unclassified Ms. Jocelyn Bundrum JS J7 JCW 757 203-7869."— Presentation transcript:

1 Joint IO Task Analysis Advancing IO Force Development The overall classification of this brief is Unclassified Ms. Jocelyn Bundrum JS J7 JCW 757 203-7869

2 Provide a summary of the IO task analysis effort in support of Information Operations Force Development Background Task Overview Results / Findings Proposed Way Ahead Purpose UNCLASSIFIED

3 31 Aug 2010 – Joint IO Force Optimization Study (JIOFOS) documented that IO professionals operating in joint commands are inadequately trained and educated 25 January 2011 – SecDef memorandum directed CJCS to evaluate joint IO training & education to ensure CCMD requirements are met March 2011 - Joint Training Integration Group for IO (JTIG-IO): – 5 March 2011 - Documented IO community top five training priorities for FY 12 – Joint IO Planning ranked #1 – 30 March 2011 - Identified collective/individual tasks have not been defined for joint IO September 2011 - OSD(P) sponsored analysis to support documenting individual and collective tasks Background 3 “In their communication with me, Combatant Commanders continue to stress the lack of adequately-trained IO personnel.” SecDef, 25 Jan 2011 UNCLASSIFIED

4 Methodology: Discovery –OPLANS / CONPLANS / Org Charts / Policy / UJTL / JMETL / Doctrine / DRRS / JLLS / JTS Documentation/Analysis –Surveys, Interviews and / or observations Validation of captured tasks –Tasks reviewed by 9 CCMD and JIOWC OVERVIEW Population Dynamics: 49 Survey Respondents – 63% Mil, 19% Civ, 18% Contr 64 Verbal Job Interviews 9 Work Observations during CCMD Exercises IOWG, JCMB, JTWG, CIWG, CUA, OPT, JPG, etc. Sep 11 Dec Jan 12 Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov PACOM AFGHANISTAN RETURNEE JIOWC AFRICOM SOUTHCOM SOCOM EUCOM CENTCOM Initiate IO Task Analysis Discovery Phase ISAF JTF HOA Validation of Tasks via JSAP Final report OSD(P) funded, Joint Staff J7 & J39/JIOWC managed, Scientific Research Corporation contracted Task/Purpose/Objective: Document joint IO collective and individual tasks and supporting knowledge, skills and attitudes (KSAs) in order to establish joint IO task standards to be used for standardization and alignment of Joint IO workforce training and education requirements UNCLASSIFIED 4

5 Results: Initial Joint IO Standards Documented 73 IO Task statements with Performance Measures (metric criteria) –25 Collective Tasks subordinate to UJTs - ST 5.5.1 (Coordinate Theater IO), ST 5.5.4, (Plan Trans- regional or Cross-core IO Capabilities) and ST 7.1.1 (Provide OPLANS) –48 Individual Tasks Validated tasks – All CCMDs reviewed the data and concurred these were the tasks they performed –189 comments - only 14 adjudicated without work beyond scope of this study Aligned KSA’s to task based on current references/ guidance Recommendation: Align Service and joint IO training and education to CCMD requirements through: –Continued refinement of Tasks / Standards –Increased fidelity of measurement criteria Evaluate individual joint IO training Assess organizational joint IO readiness (e.g. JTIMS, DRRS) Provide quantitative standards for Joint Course Certification –Analysis of training gaps –Improved policy –Development of a Work Force optimization strategy Results 5 UNCLASSIFIED

6 Results: Joint IO Roles Documented 27 specific IO roles w/associated competencies –Competencies mapped to roles, establishing the relationship between the roles performing the tasks and competencies necessary for performance Observed five IO related functions (Planning, Targeting, Operations, Training, Watch Officer) Recommendation: Establish defined joint IO work roles (i.e., IO Chief, IO Planner, IO assessor, IO targeteer, IO trainer, IO program manager (e.g. Voice) by mapping documented roles to observed functions –Aid in the identification of shortfalls in capability function, manpower, personnel, and training Refine billet/position descriptions and/or joint individual qualification task list* Adjust policy Influence a work force optimization strategy Results 6 *CJCSM 3500.03C JOINT TRAINING MANUAL FOR THE ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES, 15 Jan 2011 UNCLASSIFIED

7 Finding: Disunion between current manpower, personnel and training policy* and practice based on respondent population** Key Finding 7 67% of respondents listed no formal training 63% of the current workforce falls under manpower, personnel, and training (MP&T) policy 65% of interviewees were occupationally appropriate by MP&T policy No respondents met all requirements of the Joint IO Force for MP&T policy <41% of the interviewees were assigned to eJMAPS billets requiring joint IO education and training 10% of respondents were JIOPC trained No respondents were IO GLE graduates JIOPC & MILDEC 6% MILDEC Only 21% JIOPC Only 4 % OPSEC Only 2% No Formal Training 67% MILDEC Only 21% * DODD 3600.01, CJCSM 1630.01 **Statistics here represent a sample size of forty-nine respondents UNCLASSIFIED

8 Way Ahead Recommendations: Continue refinement of Tasks / Standards –Adjudicate CCMD comments outside the scope of the study ( refine the “As Is”) –Further analyses (identify the “To Be”) Increase fidelity of measurement criteria –Evaluate/assess effectiveness of updated training / readiness / certification Analysis of training gaps –Course content mapping –Implement Force Development training/education changes Improve policy –Incorporate, as appropriate, into Doctrine & Policy (Training / Education / Force Management) Development of a Work Force optimization strategy –Recommend overall training concept/COAs IOT enhance Joint IO work force development & professionalization Advancing IO Force Development UNCLASSIFIED Inform the IOFD Summit and support IOFD way ahead decisions/actions 8

9 Improved Doctrine and Policy Proposed Timeline KSA Study Conclusion KSA Final Brief Training Gaps Analysis Refine Task List 15 Feb 13 JIOFOS SecDef MEMO JFCOM/JS J7 IO Training Studies IOFD Summit Apr 13 Recommend Overall Training Concept Evaluate/ Assess Updated Training Update Training Requirements/ Standards* NOTES * - AO Level Product from IOFD Summit Apr 2013 Implement Approved Concept Optimize Work Force Development Improved Measurement Criteria UNCLASSIFIED 9

10 Discussion

11 UNCLASSIFIED Backup

12 Task Category BehaviorKnowledge; Performer must know how to Skill; Performer must be able to perform following activities Attitude; Performer must be able to demonstrate a behavior, express an opinion or make a decision Collective Develop Commander’s Estimate Who: Joint IO planners What: Deliberate or crisis action planning Where: CCMD's J39 branch and OPTs Ref: JOPES Manual Vol II, Enc C, pg C-33; Joint Fires and Targeting Handbook, Ch I, pg I-18, par 1; Joint IO Planning Handbook, Ch I, Sec 1.10.1 Understand the commander's plans to accomplish the mission, including the forces involved; the time phasing of operations; the general nature and purpose of operations to be conducted; and the interrelated or cross-service support, coordination, and cooperation necessary for successful execution Estimate effort and resources required to accomplish the mission Analyze the COAs to accomplish an assigned mission Ref: Joint IO Planning Handbook, Ch I, Sec 1.10.1 Provide the supported commander with COAs to meet planning guidance Ref: JOPES Manual Vol II, Enc C, pg C-33 Coordinate for successful execution of the mission Develop Commander’s Estimate Critical - Catastrophic 6- 24 months with the aid of a senior mentor As Required / Monthly Immediate1 day CAP 1 month Deliberate Performed correctly 75% - 90% of the time 18 - 24 months Commander's approval Commander's approval CriticalityDifficultyFrequencyDelay TolerancePerformance MeasuresSkill Levels Performing Task (time to proficiency) Proficiency Code TimeAccuracy 12 UNCLASSIFIED

13 Task Category BehaviorKnowledge; Performer must know how to Skill; Performer must be able to perform following activities Attitude; Performer must be able to demonstrate a behavior, express an opinion or make a decision CollectiveRef: Joint Nonlethal directorate reference; Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) agreements; Legal agreements for specific countries; Electronic Fact Sheets Database Develop Rules of Engagement (ROE) Supplement Who: Joint IO planners What: Deliberate or crisis action planning Where: CCMD's J39 When: While participant in an OPT Ref: JP 1-04, Ch II, Sec 4, pg II-9 - 12 Check COA for compliance with law and policy established in ROE Appraise supplemental ROE measures Ref: JP 1-04, Ch II, Sec 4, pg II-9 - 12 Reconcile COA outside of ROE, with appropriate request for authorizations, exceptions, or waivers Ref: JP 1-04, Ch II, Sec 4, pg II-9 -12 Recognize COA operating outside of ROE guidelines Develop Rules of Engagement (ROE) Supplement Critical2 - 3 WeeksAs Required1 - 2 days, depending on the OPT schedule 2 - 3 weeksPerformed correctly 90% of the time 1 weekApproved ROE that adequately addresses the system CriticalityDifficultyFrequencyDelay TolerancePerformance MeasuresSkill Levels Performing Task (time to proficiency) Proficiency Code TimeAccuracy 13 UNCLASSIFIED

14 Task Category BehaviorKnowledge; Performer must know how to Skill; Performer must be able to perform following activities Attitude; Performer must be able to demonstrate a behavior, express an opinion or make a decision IndividualRef: JP 3-60 Develop Targets in support of IO Concept of Support Who: Joint IO planner or Joint IO capability specialist What: Deliberate or crisis action planning Where: CCMD's J39 targeting and nonlethal fires integration branch Ref: Joint Fires and Targeting Handbook, 2007, pg III-28, Ch 3 sec 7 Understand Phase One of the Targeting Cycle Understand end state, intent, objectives, desired effects and required tasks Derive initial/potential IO targets, based on intelligence, COG analysis and mission analysis Ref: Joint Fires and Targeting Handbook, 2007, pg III-35 Use Modernized Integrated Database (MIDB) to access target information Select specific audiences, nodes, or links for targeting Ref: Joint Fires and Targeting Handbook, 2007, pg III-35 Appreciate end state, intent, objective, and desired effects Consider lethal and nonlethal effects to develop an integrated and comprehensive range of target options that support the operational tasks, effects and objectives Develop Targets in support of IO Concept of Support Critical - Catastrophic 8 MonthsWeekly1-2 daysIntelligence driven Performed correctly 0% of the time 8 monthsCommander's approval CriticalityDifficultyFrequencyDelay TolerancePerformance MeasuresSkill Levels Performing Task (time to proficiency) Proficiency Code TimeAccuracy 14 UNCLASSIFIED

15 Task Category BehaviorKnowledge; Performer must know how to Skill; Performer must be able to perform following activities Attitude; Performer must be able to demonstrate a behavior, express an opinion or make a decision Collective Develop MOE Who: Joint IO planners What: CJCS plans review and approval process Where: CCMD's J39 assessment branch Ref: JP 5-0, Ch III, Sec 12, pg 111-44 - 45 Identify the means to access effectiveness and the related information requirements that support assessment Understand system behavior and end state, objectives and desired effects Ref: JP 5-0, Ch III, Sec D, pg III-44 Communicate progress toward achieving objectives and whether the current tasks and objectives are relevant to reaching the end state Ref: JP 5-0, Appx. D, pg D- 1 Choose relevant reliable measures for mission accomplishment Develop MOE Marginal - Critical 6 Months - 1 Year Annually2 weeks Performed correctly 75% of the time 6 Months - 1 Year Changes to operation based on assessment CriticalityDifficultyFrequencyDelay TolerancePerformance MeasuresSkill Levels Performing Task (time to proficiency) Proficiency Code TimeAccuracy 15 UNCLASSIFIED


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