Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) CAPT Keith Bowman, Joint Staff, J-8 Hello, I am Captain John Costello."— Presentation transcript:
2 Introduction to the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) CAPT Keith Bowman, Joint Staff, J-8Hello, I am Captain John Costello from the Requirements and Acquisition Division in the Joint Staff J-8. Consistent with our goal of keeping the Department informed on changes to the Requirements Generation System, we wanted to provide you with a short overview of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System.
3 Just a ThoughtAs illustrated here, we need a better way to decide what the warfighter needs.
4 Previous Requirements and Acquisition Process Frequently produced stovepiped system solutionsRequirements were Service rather than Joint focusedLacked construct for objective analysisSystems not necessarily integratedDuplication existed, particularly in smaller programsEvolutionary acquisition not well institutionalizedJoint warfighting needs not prioritizedThis new joint approach to capability integration and development is consistent with the direction from the Secretary of Defense to reform the requirements generation system to more effectively identify joint warfighting capabilities in direct support of the DOD acquisition system as described in the DOD 5000 series of documents.At the direction of Secretary Rumsfeld, we reviewed the effectiveness of the existing requirements system and found several shortfalls: it frequently produced stove piped systems; requirements were often service rather than joint focused; proposals lacked a construct for effective, objective analyses; while systems were often deconflicted from each other, they were not necessarily integrated; duplication often existed, especially in smaller programs; evolutionary acquisition was not being used effectively; and joint warfighting needs were not prioritized.As a result of a strong collaborative effort between the Joint Staff, the Services and OSD, we have created a new process called the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System or JCIDS.The new system institutes a capabilities-based approach to identifying current and future gaps in our ability to carry out joint warfighting missions and functions. Developed in close coordination with the recently published DOD 5000 series instructions, which define the operation of the defense acquisition system, and with proposed revisions to the national security space acquisition policy, JCIDS will help ensure that we develop the right capabilities.
5 Summary of Changes JCIDS seeks to: Enhance methodology to identify and describe capabilities gapsMandate broader review of capability proposalsEngage the acquisition community earlyBetter define non-materiel aspects of materiel solutionsPrioritize capability gaps and proposalsImproved coordination with other departments and agenciesJCIDS implements several key changes. JCIDS provides an enhanced methodology for identifying and describing capability gaps and proposals; it provides a broader review of proposals by bringing in additional participants including the acquisition community early in the process; JCIDS provides a mechanism to allow the JROC to prioritize capability gaps and proposals; and it captures the non-materiel aspects of materiel solutions to ensure an effective capability is fielded.In addition to improving the integration with the acquisition process, JCIDS also enhances the sharing of information with the science and technology, and experimentation communities to focus their efforts; and it provides a mechanism for better coordination with Departments and Agencies outside of the DOD.
6 JCIDS Instruction and Manual Developed in conjunction with DoD 5000 SeriesCJCSI CTop-level descriptionOrganizational responsibilitiesCJCSMJCIDS Analysis ProcessDefine performance attributes & key performance parametersValidation & approval processDocument contentJCIDS is being implemented through a Chairman’s Instruction and companion Manual. JCIDS was developed in close collaboration with the DOD 5000 series development. Chairman’s Instruction C provides the policy and top-level description of the JCIDS. The Instruction also gives the organizational responsibilities for everyone necessary for making the process effective.Chairman’s Manual provides the details necessary for the action officers who will be performing the day-to-day work of identifying, describing, and justifying warfighting capabilities. The Manual provides additional detail on the JCIDS analysis process, it defines performance attributes and key performance parameters, and it describes the staffing process necessary to receive final validation and approval of any JCIDS proposal. The Manual also includes a set of enclosures that describe the content required for each JCIDS document.
7 Future Capabilities Needs Identification NationalSecurityStrategyStrategy &Overarching ConceptsJoint OperationsConceptsGuidanceIntegratedArchitecturesJointOperatingConceptsJointFunctionalConceptsOPLANSandCONPLANSDefensePlanningScenariosOverlaywhat we have withwhat we need to doCOCOM IPLsGap AnalysisRisk AssessmentCapabilityAssessmentsTaskAnalysesAssessmentandAnalysisJCIDS AnalysisThe fundamental change in JCIDS from the previous requirements system is that it is based on top-down analyses rather than bottom-up requirements generation.The JCIDS analyses are based on the national security strategy and overarching concepts. From these overarching concepts, joint operating concepts and functional concepts are created along with integrated architectures that pull together these concepts and the associated systems.This top-down approach is designed to identify capability gaps and to ensure new capabilities are developed within a joint warfighting context and “born joint”.JCIDS RecommendationsCapability NeedsDOTMLPF ChangesCapabilities-based identificationof needs combines joint conceptsand integrated architectures with analysisReconciliation& RecommendationsDecisionandActionPlanning, Programming, and Budgeting SystemScience &TechnologyAcquisitionExperimentation
8 Functional-Operational Relationships MajorCombatOperations(JFCOM)Homeland Security (NORTHCOM)Stability Operations(JFCOM)Strategic Deterrence(STRATCOM)Battlespace AwarenessCommand and ControlForce ApplicationThe four operational concepts are being developed by the COCOMs as shown here. The functional concepts are aligned with and being developed by the JWCAs.The objective is to help identify opportunities to leverage capabilities within a functional concept across more than one of the operational concepts.ProtectionFocused Logistics
9 JCIDS Analysis Functional Area Analysis (FAA) Identify operational task, conditions, and standards needed to accomplish military objectivesResult: Tasks to be accomplishedFunctional Needs Analysis (FNA)Assess ability of current and programmed capabilities to accomplish the tasksResult: List of capability gapsFunctional Solutions Analysis (FSA)Operational based assessment of doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership/education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) approaches to solving capability gapsResult: Potential integrated DOTMLPF approaches to capability gapsPost Independent AnalysisIndependent analysis of approaches to determine best fitResult: Initial Capabilities DocumentThe focus of JCIDS is to perform the necessary analyses early in the development of a capability, when the JROC can have the most influence on the resulting system. By leveraging the concepts and integrated architectures, we can more effectively compare what we have and what we need to do and identify the gaps in our capabilities. This analysis then becomes the basis for creating and prioritizing JCIDS proposals.There are four analyses that lead up to the identification of a capability.First, the Functional Area Analysis identifies the operational tasks, conditions, and standards needed to accomplish military objectives. The result is a compilation of tasks to be analyzed in the Functional Needs Analysis.Next, the Functional Needs Analysis assesses the ability of the current and programmed capabilities to accomplish the Functional Area Analysis identified tasks, under the full range of operating conditions and to the designated standards. The result is a list of capability gaps.The Functional Solutions Analysis performs an operational based assessment of potential DOTMLPF approaches to solving one or more of the existing capability gaps. The result is a set of potential materiel and non-materiel approaches to fixing the capability gaps.The final step in the analysis process is the Post-Independent Analysis. The objective of this analysis is to review the previously done analyses and identify which integrated DOTMLPF approach or approaches best address the previously identified capability gaps. The results are documented either in a DOTMLPF change recommendation or an Initial Capabilities Document. The gaps in capabilities and associated priorities also become tools for the science and technology, and experimentation communities to guide their future efforts. They also feed the acquisition and planning, programming and budgeting system to ensure the most effective use of the Department’s resources.
10 Functional Area Analysis JCIDS AnalysisJoint Operating ConceptsJoint Functional ConceptsIntegrated ArchitecturesStrategic PolicyGuidanceJoint Operations ConceptsFunctional Area AnalysisICDCDDCPDFunctionalNeedsAnalysisDOTMLPF ChangesCJCSI 3180ProcessFunctional Solution AnalysisDOTMLPFAnalysisMateriel ChangesCJCSI 3170processIdeas forMaterielApproachesof MaterielAlternative NAlternative 2Alternative 1The relationship of the analyses to each other and the source concepts and integrated architectures is shown here. The objective of the analyses is identify capability gaps and develop an Initial Capability Document to describe that capability.PostIndependentAnalysisDOTMLPF ChangeRecommendation
11 JCIDS Documents Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) Identifies a capability gap or other deficiencyDescribes evaluation of DOTMLPF approachesSupport Analysis of Alternatives (AoA), Concept Refinement and Milestone ANot updated once approvedCapability Development Document (CDD)Identifies operational performance attributes of proposed systemSystem specific, applies to single increment (in an evolutionary program)Results from Technology Development and supports Milestone BUpdated or rewritten for subsequent incrementsThere are three new documents defined to support the JCIDS process.The Initial Capabilities Document, or ICD, that provides the definition of the capability need and where it fits in the broader concepts and architectures. The ICD is used to support concept refinement decision and Milestone A decisions and to guide the Concept Refinement and the Technology Development phases of the acquisition system.Upon completion of the technology development phase, a Capability Development Document, or CDD, is written. The CDD supports a Milestone B decision by providing more detail on the materiel solution to provide the capability previously described in the ICD. The CDD also provides the thresholds and objectives for the system attributes against which the delivered capability will be measured. Once approved, the CDD is used to guide the System Development and Demonstration Phase of the acquisition process.
12 JCIDS Documents (cont’d) Capability Production Document (CPD)Identifies production attributes for a single increment of a programPrepared during System Development and DemonstrationRewritten for each increment in an evolutionary programCapstone Requirements Document (CRD)Describes overarching thresholds/goals and standards in functional areasUseful for family-of-systems or system-of-systems approachesDeveloped only at JROC directionEventually will be replaced by integrated architecturesOnce the system has been through Design Readiness Review, the final document, the Capability Production Document, or CPD, is developed. The CPD is used to support the Milestone C decision before a program enters Low Rate Production and Operational Test and Evaluation. The CPD may refine the attribute thresholds from the CDD based on lessons learned during the Systems Development and Demonstration phase.Because the concepts and integrated architectures upon which the analyses are based are not fully available and mature, the JCIDS retains the use of the Capstone Requirements Document, or CRD. The CRD will continue to be used to describe the standards that apply to classes of systems. As the concepts and integrated architectures mature, the JROC will retire existing CRDs. New CRDs will only be developed at JROC direction when they find existing documents or architectures are insufficient.
13 JCIDS Ties to the DOD 5000 Series ICD – Initial Capabilities DocumentCDD – Capability Development DocumentCPD – Capability Production DocumentStrategic Policy GuidanceJoint Operating ConceptsJoint Functional ConceptsIntegrated ArchitecturesREFINE ANALYSISMS-AMS-BMS-CThe JCIDS has been developed in close coordination with the development of the new DOD 5000 series to ensure effective integration of the capabilities identification and acquisition processes. As this diagram shows, the JCIDS documents and JROC approval directly support the Defense Acquisition Board in making the milestone decisions.REFINE ANALYSISJCIDS AnalysisIOCJROCDAB/ITABJROCDAB/ITABJROCDAB/ITABDAB – Defense Acquisition BoardITAB – Information Technology Acquisition Board
14 Perform initial review of all JCIDS proposals JCIDS GatekeeperPerform initial review of all JCIDS proposalsSupport provided by JFCOM, J6, J7, J8, JWCAsThe Gatekeeper will determine:Joint Potential DesignatorLead and supporting Functional Capabilities Boards (FCB)Lead and supporting Joint Warfighting Capability Assessment (JWCA) TeamsThe function of the JCIDS Gatekeeper was created to ensure that proposals are evaluated for joint warfighting impact and assigned to the correct staff for analysis and coordination.When the Joint Staff receives a JCIDS document, the Gatekeeper will determine the joint potential designator, the lead Functional Capabilities Board, and the lead Joint Warfighting Capability Assessment Team. This determination will be based on input from Joint Forces Command, each of the Joint Warfighting Capability Assessment teams, the J-7, the J-8 Requirements and Acquisition Division, and the J-8 Warfighting Concepts and Architectures Integration Division.The joint potential designator will be reevaluated when each ICD, CDD, and CPD is submitted because changes in the proposed capability may require a change in joint designation.
15 Joint Potential Designators (JPD) JROC InterestAll ACAT I/IA, CRDs, and DOTMLPF change proposalsAny other program so designatedJROC validates and approvesJoint ImpactAny ACAT II and below program with significant impact on joint warfightingFCB validates, Sponsor approvesJoint IntegrationAny ACAT II and below program without significant joint impactRequires intelligence, munitions or interoperability certificationSponsor validates and approvesIndependentAny program not meeting the above criteriaWithin JCIDS there are four designations a proposal can receive based on their acquisition category and their potential for impacting the joint warfighter. These joint potential designators are: JROC Interest, Joint Impact, Joint Integration, and Independent. This joint designation determines who validates and/or approves a proposal.The JROC Interest designation applies to all acquisition category I/IA programs and any other program regardless of acquisition category that the JROC decides to review. JROC Interest proposals will be validated and approved by the JROC before being returned for further action by the sponsor.The Joint Impact designation is assigned to those proposals with significant impact on the joint force, but which do not require JROC oversight. Joint Impact proposals will be validated by the Functional Capabilities Board and returned to the sponsor for approval and implementation.The Joint Integration designation applies to those proposals that require intelligence, munitions or interoperability certifications. Joint Integration proposals will be submitted through the certification process before being returned to the sponsor for validation and approval.The Independent designation is assigned to those proposals that have no direct impact on the joint warfighter. These proposals will be returned to the sponsor for further action.
16 Gatekeeping Process JCIDS Documents GATEKEEPER JROC Interest 5 DAY GOALJROC InterestJPDDecisionJoint ImpactJCIDSDocumentsKM/DSJoint IntegrationIndependentWhen a JICDS document is submitted for staffing through the Knowledge Management/Decision Support tool, the Gatekeeper engages in a voting process with the supporting staff. Once the Gatekeeper receives the advice of the staff, he makes the determination of the JPD, and the lead JWCA and FCB. The document then proceeds to staffing.Developed by the SponsorKM/DS - Knowledge Management/Decision Support Tool
17 Joint Integration and Independent Intel Cert/ThreatValidation (J2)MunitionsCertification (J4)Joint IntegrationInteroperabilityCertification (J6)SponsorValidation/ApprovalAcquisitionActivityIndependentFor Joint Integration documents, they proceed through the certification process and are then returned to the sponsor for validation and approval.Independent documents are returned to the sponsor at the completion of the gatekeeping process.Once the documents receive final approval, they are submitted to KM/DS for retention and future reference.KM/DSFinal DocumentTo Database
18 JROC Interest And Joint Impact Staffing Intel Cert/ThreatValidation (J2)MunitionsCertification (J4)SPONSORINCORPORATECOMMENTS15 DAY GOALJROC InterestInteroperabilityCertification (J6)FLAG REVIEW21 DAYSJoint ImpactO-6 REVIEW35 DAYSCOCOMs/SERVICESOSD/DOD AGENCIESJOINT STAFFCOCOMs/SERVICESOSD/DOD AGENCIESJOINT STAFFJROC Interest and Joint Impact documents go through the certification process while they are also undergoing O-6 staffing. After resolution of the comments, the document goes through Flag staffing, and is then ready for FCB review.SPONSORINCORPORATECOMMENTS15 DAY GOALFCBReview
19 JROC Interest And Joint Impact Approval JCB/JROCApproval/ValidationFCBReviewJoint ImpactFCBValidationSponsorApprovalThe FCB receives an intro brief on each JCIDS document from the lead JWCA to establish the context for the capability being discussed. For JROC Interest documents, the FCB Chair will make a recommendation to the JROC on validation/approval after considering all of the inputs from the FCB membership. The JCB/JROC will receive the briefing on the document as well as the recommendation of the FCB Chair and validate/approve the documents as required.If it is a Joint Impact document, The FCB Chair will validate the document and then return it to the sponsor for approval and implementation.KM/DSAcquisitionActivityFinal DocumentTo Database
20 Functional Capabilities Board Responsibilities:Ensure new capabilities are conceived and developed in joint warfighting contextEnsure JCIDS proposals are consistent with integrated joint forceValidate Joint Impact proposalsOrganize, analyze & prioritize capabilities proposalsOversee development and update of Functional Concept(s)Ensure integrated architectures (as available) reflect the functional areaLeverage full resources of the DepartmentOnce the Gatekeeper completes the initial review, the document comes under the purview of the Functional Capabilities Board or FCB. This board replaces the Joint Requirements Panel from the previous system with expanded responsibilities and membership.The FCB has several key responsibilities: ensuring that new capabilities are developed with a joint warfighting context; that proposals are consistent with the joint force as described in the joint operating concepts; validating Joint Impact proposals; organizing, analyzing and prioritizing proposals; oversight of development of functional concepts; ensuring integrated architectures reflect the functional areas; and finally, leveraging the full resources of the Department and other Agencies as required.
21 Chartered FCBs The JROC: One FCB initially chartered: Charters FCBs Assigns functional area(s) of responsibilityIdentifies the lead organization(s) to chairOne FCB initially chartered:Joint Force Command and Control FCBConsistent with responsibilities in MID 912Others will be chartered at JROC directionOnly the JROC can charter a Functional Capabilities Board. The JROC will also assign the functional areas to the FCB and identify the organization that will chair the FCB. Initially, the JROC has chartered an FCB at Joint Forces Command to oversee capabilities affecting Joint Force Command and Control. This reflects the unique responsibilities they have related to joint force command and control as a result of Management Initiative Decision 912.Other FCBs will be chartered as directed by the JROC to oversee capability development and integration in the other functional areas.
22 Nominal FCB Membership Principal Membership (O-6/GS-15 representatives)ServicesCombatant CommandersUSD for Acquisition, Technology, and LogisticsUSD for IntelligenceASD for Networks and Information Integration/DoD Chief Information OfficerUSecAF (Space)Defense Intelligence AgencyDirector, Program Analysis & EvaluationMission Requirements Board Executive SecretaryAdvisory MembershipJWCA leadsJ-6E/I (interoperability advisor)J-8 Warfighting Concepts and Architectures Integration DivisionDOD laboratories & industryThis slide demonstrates that the typical membership of an FCB goes far beyond the traditional membership of the services under the previous system. It demonstrates the commitment to being more inclusive in making decisions on joint capabilities.The Pentagon FCB will include O-6 or GS-15 equivalent representatives of the combatant commanders, key OSD staffs, and the space and intelligence communities.This expanded membership will ensure the FCB Chairman makes more broadly informed recommendations to the JROC on capability proposals, and that the acquisition community is involved early in the process.
23 JWCA Responsibilities Coordinate and assist sponsors during JCIDS analysis and document developmentCoordinate with the sponsor, as a resource of broadly-based knowledge, to resolve issues prior to or as a result of formal staffingLead JWCAAnalyze capabilities documents, with supporting JWCAs, to ensure joint warfighting aspects have been consideredProvide a summary analysis and recommendation to the FCB/JCB/ JROC on validation and/or approval of JCIDS documentsSupporting JWCA. Support the Lead JWCA analysisContinually review the assigned functional area, as directed by the JROC, to identify capability shortfallsDevelop and maintain prioritized lists of capability shortfalls and current JCIDS proposals across the assigned functional areaSupport the Gatekeeper process for each JCIDS documentThe Joint Warfighting Capability Assessment teams will have expanded responsibilities under the new process. They will be assisting the sponsors during the development of documents by add there broad knowledge base to the analysis and help to identify and resolve issues prior to the formal staffing process.The JWCA objective is to ensure that joint warfighting aspects have been considered appropriately in the development of capabilities. They will also provide a summary of their analysis and a recommendation to the FCB, JCB and JROC.The JWCAs will also be continually reviewing their functional area to identify opportunities/shortfalls in capabilities which have not been identified through other means.The JWCAs will also develop and maintain a list of capability shortfalls and JCIDS proposals being worked within their functional area. Once a year they will present these lists to the JROC with recommended priorities. Once the priorities are validated by the JROC they will be used to guide further efforts within the acquisition process and the S&T community.The JWCAs also support the Gatekeeper by making recommendations on the JPD and which FCB and JWCA should take the lead on each document.
24 Additional Information Revised Chairman’s Instruction and companion Manual are effective immediatelyNew CJCSI C and CJCSM are posted on the DTIC web site:Resident and Distance learning available through the Defense Acquisition UniversityJoint Staff POC: J-8/RAD(703)The Chairman’s Instruction and Manual are effective immediately. They are posted on the Defense Technical Information Center web site, and the Defense Acquisition University is providing both resident and distance learning on JCIDS as well as other information. Additional information on JCIDS can be provided by the Joint Staff J-8 Requirements and Acquisition Division.