Presentation on theme: "Focus Group Central Middle East"— Presentation transcript:
1Focus Group Central Middle East Palestinian AuthorityJordanEgyptSyriaMax Suchov, Alexis Diamond, Nassim, Hiekali, Samantha Henshel, Natalie Jacobs.February 3, 2000
2Gamal Abdel NasserEnrolled into Royal Military Acadamy. Graduated in 1938.Elected president in 1956.Preached Arab nationalismFought Suez-Sinai War against Israel, Britain and France.Becomes hero to Arabs.1956 War
31967 War and Decline of Nasser Nasser threatens Israel.Israel launches surprise attack against Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.Egypt loses war decisively.Egypt humiliatedNasser dies in 1969.1967 Six Day War
4Anwar Al-Sadat Nasser’s aide Sadat becomes leader of Egypt. Nasser and Sadat met in Military Camp.Went from Vice to President in one year!Peace treaty with Israel.Assassinated because of pro-Israel, pro-U.S. policies.
5Hosni MubarakMubarak was educated in Egypt’s national Military Academy.Became Vice President in 1975.After Sadat killed, Mubarak becomes Egypt’s leader.As president Mubarak did a lot for Egypt.Threatened by Muslims fundamentalists, as was Sadat.Future uncertain.
6HISTORY OF SYRIA AND LEBANON Syria and Lebanon are located in the middle East.They have many types of languages and religions.
7WARS WITH SYRIA, ISRAEL AND LEBANON 1970 Lebanon had a war with itself.1973 Syria fights for the land Israel is occupying.1979 there was a revolt in Hama. Assad brutally crushes it.1980 Assad orders terrorist to go fight Israel.Israeli forces fight in Lebanon.
8LIFE OF HAFEZ AL-ASSAD Assad was born as an Alawi Muslim. He has Syria in his hands.He is known for a negative relationship with many countries and their leaders.Hafez al-Assad
9PEACE AGREEMENT WITH SYRIA AND ISRAEL Assad is the key to the peace agreement.The deal of the peace agreement is very simple.I think that the peace agreement is a bad idea.Golan Heights with Jewish Settlements.
10Palestinian Exile Creation of Israel in 1947 App Palestinians exiled at gunpointPalestinians and Arabs call for Israel to be destroyedArabs lose war and retreatYassir Arafat leads Palestinians
11Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) Palestinian Liberation Organization formed to liberate Israeli occupationIn may of 1964, it is founded by refugees and Yassir Arafat becomes leaderAfter 3 more planes getting high-jacked, King Hussein starts “Black September”1971 it is expelled from Jordan
12Palestinians set fires and throw rocks at Israeli soldiers. IntifadaStreet riots break out and Palestinians throw rocks at Israeli police forces( )Israel’s image suffers from street demonstrationsOslo Agreement between Israel and ArafatPalestinian authority created, Israel gives West Bank and Gaza strip to Palestinians in return for peacePalestinians set fires and throw rocks at Israeli soldiers.
14Palestinian Authority/ Oslo Agreements Negotiations in Norway with Israel about peaceYassir Arafat recognizes Israel’s right to existRivalry with Hamas/ no peacePalestine is divided: terror, or peace?Arafat cooperates with Israel, he wants no warTo become a full government in the future.Hamas and terrorism vs. Palestinian Authority and peace.
15Britain and King Hussein Britain gains power over Jordan in 1920.British install Abdullah in 1921.Abdullah assassinated in 1951.King Hussein takes charge.
16Jordan loses Jerusalem. 6 Day war of 1967Egypt, Syria, and Jordan attacked by Israel.War only lasted 132 hours and 30 minutes.Jordan loses Jerusalem to Israel.Arabs lose 3rd most holy city; Jordan humiliated.Jordan loses Jerusalem.
17Black September of 19703 jetliners (British, American, Swiss) hijacked by Palestinian terrorists to Jordan.Planes blown up.King Hussein decides to go after PLO in his country.Jordanian army forces PLO out of country to Lebanon.Hijacked Airliner.
18King Hussein’s Death Died of cancer on Feb. 7, 1999. Jordanians mourns their dead king.Funeral brought together bitter enemies.King Hussein widely respected.Representatives came from 75 different countries.Had his son Abdullah put in line to succeed him as king.
19New King Abdullah Born in Amman on Jan. 30, 1962. Previously served as major general in Jordanian army.Assumed power when his father died.Expected to continue his father’s policies.