Presentation on theme: "IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL IN INDIA & NATIONAL OBLIGATION AND COMMITMENT TO MONTREAL PROTOCOL."— Presentation transcript:
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL IN INDIA & NATIONAL OBLIGATION AND COMMITMENT TO MONTREAL PROTOCOL
Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol The Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer was signed in March 1985. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed on 16 September 1987. 19th June 1991 : India became a Party to the Vienna convention. 17th September 1992 : India became a Party to the Montreal Protocol. March 2003, ratified the Copenhagen, Montreal and Beijing Amendment.
MONTREAL PROTOCOL Important Provisions of the Protocol are : - Article 2 : Controlled SubstancesArticle 2 : Controlled Substances Article 4 : Control of TradeArticle 4 : Control of Trade Article 5 : Special Situation of Developing CountriesArticle 5 : Special Situation of Developing Countries Article 7 : Reporting of DataArticle 7 : Reporting of Data Article 10: Financial Mechanism & Technology transferArticle 10: Financial Mechanism & Technology transfer
Amendments to the Protocol London Amendment (1990) Inclusion of additional controlled substances (CFCs, Methyl Chloroform, CTC, etc) Inclusion of HCFCs as transitional substances Establishment of Financial Mechanism - Multilateral Fund Ten year grace period for Article 5 countries. Copenhagen Amendment (1992) Inclusion of HCFCs,HBFCs and Methyl Bromide as controlled substances. Montreal Amendment (1997) Licensing system put in place Beijing Amendment (1999) Bromo chloromethane added as controlled substance for immediate phaseout. Production control of HCFCs
Montreal Protocol - Framework Multilateral Fund Secretariat Ozone Secretariat Administrative and secretarial support. Data collection. Coordination of Technical/ Economic assessments. Implementation of fund related decisions of the Meeting of Parties.
Cont... Multilateral Fund Executive Committee 7 Developing and 7 Developed countries World BankUNEP UNDPUNIDO Implementing Agencies Meeting of Parties Role: Decision making and guidance BILATERAL Role : Approval of funds and operational decisions
INDIAS COMMITMENT TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL India signed Montreal Protocol in 1992. India signed Montreal Protocol in 1992. Country Program for India was prepared in 1993. Country Program for India was prepared in 1993. India has to comply with the following key provisions of the Protocol :- India has to comply with the following key provisions of the Protocol :- Article 2 : Controlled Substances Article 2 : Controlled Substances Article 4 : Control of Trade Article 4 : Control of Trade Article 3 : Calculation of Control Levels Article 3 : Calculation of Control Levels Article 5 : Special Situation of developing countries Article 5 : Special Situation of developing countries Article 7 : Reporting of Data Article 7 : Reporting of Data
Cont… As an Article 5 country, India needs to phaseout production and consumption of ODS as per schedule specified in the Protocol. As an Article 5 country, India needs to phaseout production and consumption of ODS as per schedule specified in the Protocol. As an Article 5 country (developing country), India has 10 years grace period and also eligible for financial and technical support from the Multilateral Fund to phaseout production and consumption of ODS. As an Article 5 country (developing country), India has 10 years grace period and also eligible for financial and technical support from the Multilateral Fund to phaseout production and consumption of ODS.
LIST OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES As per Article 2 of the Montreal Protocol, the total number of controlled substances are 95. The following controlled substances are produced and consumed in India. CFC-11CFC-11 CFC-12CFC-12 CFC-113CFC-113 Halon-1211Halon-1211 Halon-1301Halon-1301 Methyl ChloroformMethyl Chloroform CarbontetrachlorideCarbontetrachloride Methyl bromideMethyl bromide HCFC-22, HCFC-141b and HCFC-123HCFC-22, HCFC-141b and HCFC-123
Consumption of ODS in India Sl. No. Sector Chemical UsedSl. No. Sector Chemical Used 1. Foam CFC-11, HCFC-141b 2. RACCFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-22, HCFC-1232. RACCFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-22, HCFC-123 3. AerosolCFC-11, CFC-123. AerosolCFC-11, CFC-12 4. Solvent CTC, Methyl Chloroform, CFC-1134. Solvent CTC, Methyl Chloroform, CFC-113 5. Fire Halon – 1211, Halon - 13015. Fire Halon – 1211, Halon - 1301Extinguishers 6. Fumigant Methyl Bromide6. Fumigant Methyl Bromide
PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION CONTROL SCHEDULE AS PER MONTREAL PROTOCOL AND INDIAS POSITION ODS / Baseline (Prod. & Cons.) 20052007201020152040 CFC – P(22588 MT) C(6681 MT) 50 %85 %100 %NA Halon – P( 95 MT) C(260 MT) 50 %-100 %NA CTC – P(10507 MT) C(10459 MT) 85 %-100 %NA MCF – P( Nil ) C(1467 MT ) 30 %-70 %100 %NA MeBr – P(108 MT) C( - )* 20 %--100 %NA HCFCs**----100 % Baseline for CFC: 1995-97; Baseline for CTC: 1998-2000; Baseline for MeBr:1995-1998 Baseline for Halon: 1995-97 ; ** Baseline to be determined and reported in 2016. Baseline of MCF: 1998-2000; *Baseline Cons. is 214 MT as Quarantine & Pre-shipment
MoEF Ozone Cell Empowered Steering Committee Technology and Finance standing committee Standing Committee for small scale, t iny and unorganised industries Monitoring and evaluation committee Implementation sub-committee Institutional Framework in India
Establishment of Ozone Cell OZONE CELL DIRECTOR, MOEF Joint Director MOEF Consultant (UNDP) Project Management Units (PMU) Ozone Cell coordinates with Ministry of Finance, Commerce (DGFT), Chemicals & Fertilizers and all Industry associations & all Implementing Agencies and other institutions (IIT, NCL, IICT etc. INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING PROJECT
Summary of ODS Phase-out Activities in All Sectors Sector No. of Projects Phase-out (ODP MT) Aerosols Sector 27689 Foams Sector 1594,373 Firefighting Sector (Halon) 182,162 Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Sector 493,203 Solvents Sector 4112,966 Production Sector (including Halons) 222,988 Total29646,381
Activities ODS covered Type Production sector gradual phase-out project Production of Annex- A Group-I substances (CFCs) Technical and financial assistance to four main CFC producers National CFC consumption phase- out plan (NCCoPP) Consumption of Annex-A Group-I Substances (CFCs) Technical and financial assistance for investment & training activities in the Foam and Refrigeration Sectors CTC Phase-out Plan Production and consumption of CTC as solvent and process agent Technical and financial assistance to CTC producing & consuming enterprises. Ongoing ODS Phaseout Activities
ODS Alternatives Sub-sectorApplication Alternative Technology Domestic Refrigeration HouseholdRefrigerators And Freezers HFC-134a,HFC-152a,Blends and mixtures, Hydrocarbons (for refrigerants) and HCFC-22, HCFC- 22+142b, HCFC-141b, Hydrocarbons for foaming) Commercial Refrigeration Refrigerated Cabinets Water Coolers Ice-candy machines Walk-in coolers HCFC-134a,HFC-152a,Blends and mixtures, Hydrocarbons (for refrigerants) and HCFC-22, HCFC- 22+142b, Hydrocarbons (for foaming) HCFC-22, HFC-134a FCFC-22,HFC-134a (refrigerants) and HCFC-14b (foaming) Industrial Refrigeration Cold Storages Process Chillers HCFC-22,HFC-134a, Ammonia Transport Refrigeration Perishable Transport HCFC-22, HFC-134a, Blends and mixtures Air Conditioning Chillers Automotive air conditioning HCFC-123,HFC-134a,HCFC-22 HFC-134a, Blends and mixtures