Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

111 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "111 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03."— Presentation transcript:

1 111 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03

2 2 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Open Shortest Path First v3 summary

3 333 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv2 April 1998 was the most recent revision (RFC 2328) OSPF uses a 2-level hierarchical model SPF calculation is performed independently for each area Typically faster convergence than DVRPs Relatively low, steady state bandwidth requirements

4 444 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv3 overview OSPF for IPv6 Based on OSPFv2, with enhancements Distributes IPv6 prefixes Runs directly over IPv6 Ships-in-the-night with OSPFv2

5 555 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv3 / OSPFv2 Similarities Basic packet types Hello, DBD, LSR, LSU, LSA Mechanisms for neighbor discovery and adjacency formation Interface types P2P, P2MP, Broadcast, NBMA, Virtual LSA flooding and aging Nearly identical LSA types

6 666 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv3 / OSPFv2 Differences OSPFv3 runs over a link, rather than a subnet Multiple instances per link OSPFv2 topology not IPv6-specific Router ID Link ID Standard authentication mechanisms Uses link-local addresses Generalized flooding scope Two new LSA types

7 777 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 LSA Type Review LSA Function Code LSA Function Code LSA type Router-LSA Network-LSA Inter-Area-Prefix-LSA Inter-Area-Router-LSA AS-External-LSA Group-membership-LSA Type-7-LSA Link-LSA Intra-Area-Prefix-LSA x2001 0x2002 0x2003 0x2004 0x4005 0x2006 0x0008 0x2009 0x2007

8 888 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Link LSA A link LSA per link Link local scope flooding on the link with which they are associated Provide router link local address List all IPv6 prefixes attached to the link Assert a collection of option bit for the Router-LSA

9 999 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Inter-Area Prefix LSA Describes the destination outside the area but still in the AS Summary is created for one area, which is flooded out in all other areas Originated by an ABR Only intra-area routes are advertised into the backbone Link State ID simply serves to distinguish inter-area- prefix-LSAs originated by the same router Link-local addresses must never be advertised in inter-area- prefix-LSAs

10 10 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Configuring OSPFv3 in Cisco IOS ® Software Similar to OSPFv2 Prefixing existing Interface and Exec mode commands with ipv6 Interfaces configured directly Replaces network command Native IPv6 router mode Not a sub-mode of router ospf

11 11 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Configuration Modes in OSPFv3 Entering router mode [no] ipv6 router ospf Entering interface mode [no] ipv6 ospf area Exec mode [no] show ipv6 ospf [ ] clear ipv6 ospf [ ]

12 12 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Cisco IOS OSPFv3 Specific Attributes Configuring area range [no] area range / Showing new LSA show ipv6 ospf [ ] database link show ipv6 ospf [ ] database prefix

13 13 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv3 Debug Commands Adjacency is not appearing [no] debug ipv6 ospf adj [no] debug ipv6 ospf hello SPF is running constantly [no] debug ipv6 ospf spf [no] debug ipv6 ospf flooding [no] debug ipv6 ospf events [no] debug ipv6 ospf lsa-generation [no] debug ipv6 ospf database-timer General purpose [no] debug ipv6 ospf packets [no] debug ipv6 ospf retransmission [no] debug ipv6 ospf tree

14 14 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv3 configuration example LAN1: 2001:1:1:1::/64 LAN2: 2001:2:2:2::/64 Eth0 Eth1 Router1 Router1# interface Ethernet0 ipv6 address 2001:1:1:1::1/64 ipv6 ospf 1 area 0 interface Ethernet1 ipv6 address 2001:2:2:2::2/64 ipv6 ospf 1 area 1 ipv6 router ospf 1 router-id area 1 range 2001:2:2::/48 Area 0 Area 1 Router2

15 15 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Cisco IOS OSPFv3 Display Router 2# show ipv6 route ospf IPv6 Routing Table - 9 entries Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, R - RIP, B - BGP U - Per-user Static route I1 - ISIS L1, I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea O - OSPF intra, OI - OSPF inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2 O 2001:1:1:2::1/128 [110/1] via FE80::205:5FFF:FEAF:2C38, Ethernet0 OI 2001:2:2::/48 [110/2] via FE80::205:5FFF:FEAF:2C38, Ethernet0 Area 0 Area 1 Router2

16 16 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Cisco IOS OSPFv3 Database Display Router2# show ipv6 ospf database OSPF Router with ID ( ) (Process ID 1) Router Link States (Area 0) Link ID ADV Router Age Seq# Checksum Link count x A 0x2DB x xF3E6 1 Net Link States (Area 0) Link ID ADV Router Age Seq# Checksum x x3BAD Inter Area Prefix Link States (Area 0) ADV Router Age Seq# Prefix x :2:2:2::/ x :2:2:4::2/128 Link (Type-8) Link States (Area 0) Link ID ADV Router Age Seq# Checksum Interface x xF3DC Lo x x68F Fa2/ x xE7BC Fa2/0 Intra Area Prefix Link States (Area 0) Link ID ADV Router Age Seq# Checksum Ref lstype x xD670 0x x xC05F 0x x x3FF7 0x2001

17 17 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Cisco IOS OSPFv3 Detailed LSA Display show ipv6 ospf 1 database inter-area prefix LS age: 1714 LS Type: Inter Area Prefix Links Link State ID: 0 Advertising Router: LS Seq Number: Checksum: 0x25A0 Length: 36 Metric: 1 Prefix Address: 2001:2:2:2:: Prefix Length: 64, Options: None show ipv6 ospf 1 database link LS age: 283 Options: (IPv6 Router, Transit Router, E-Bit, No Type 7-to-5, DC) LS Type: Link-LSA (Interface: Loopback0) Link State ID: 11 (Interface ID) Advertising Router: LS Seq Number: Checksum: 0xF1DD Length: 60 Router Priority: 1 Link Local Address: FE80::205:5FFF:FEAC:1808 Number of Prefixes: 2 Prefix Address: 2001:1:1:3:: Prefix Length: 64, Options: None Prefix Address: 2001:1:1:3:: Prefix Length: 64, Options: None

18 18 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 OSPFv3 on IPv6 Tunnels over IPv4 IPv6 Network IPv4 Backbone IPv4 Backbone IPv6 Tunnel IPv6 Tunnel IPv6 Tunnel IPv6 Network interface Tunnel0 no ip address ipv6 address 2001:0001::45A/64 ipv6 address FE80::10:7BC2:ACC9:10 link-local ipv6 router ospf 1 area 0 tunnel source Ethernet1 tunnel destination tunnel mode ipv6ip ! ipv6 router ospf 1 interface Tunnel0 no ip address ipv6 address 2001:0001::45C/64 ipv6 address FE80::10:7BC2:B280:11 link-local ipv6 router ospf 1 area 0 tunnel source Ethernet2 tunnel destination tunnel mode ipv6ip ! ipv6 router ospf 1

19 19 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 Conclusion Based on existing OSPFv2 implementation Similar CLI and functionality Fully functional EFT available now Cisco IOS Software availability: Release 12.2(15)T Release 12.2(RLS3)S for Cisco 7000 Series Routers and Cisco Catalyst 6000 Series Switches Release 12.0(24)S the Cisco Series Internet Routers

20 20 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03 References RFC 2740 OSPF for IPv6 RFC 2328 OSPF version 2

21 21 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03


Download ppt "111 © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.OSPFv3, 2/03."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google