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© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-1 BGP Overview Processing BGP Routes.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-1 BGP Overview Processing BGP Routes."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-1 BGP Overview Processing BGP Routes

2 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-2 Outline Overview Receiving Routing Updates Building the BGP Table BGP Route Selection Criteria BGP Route Propagation Building the IP Routing Table Advertising Local Networks Automatic Summarization Summary

3 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-3 Receiving Routing Updates Small BGP Network

4 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-4 Receiving Routing Updates (Cont.) Information from the BGP tables is exchanged after adjacency establishment.

5 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-5 Building the BGP Table All inbound updates are placed into the BGP table.

6 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-6 BGP Route Selection Criteria Exclude routes with inaccessible next hop Prefer highest weight (local to router) Prefer highest local preference (global within AS) Prefer routes that the router originated Prefer shortest AS path (only length is compared) Prefer lowest origin code (IGP < EGP < Incomplete) Prefer lowest MED Prefer external (EBGP) paths over internal (IBGP) For IBGP paths, prefer path through closest IGP neighbor For EBGP paths, prefer oldest (most stable) path Prefer paths from router with the lowest BGP router-ID

7 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-7 BGP Route Selection Criteria (Cont.) The best routes to the destination networks are selected from the BGP table.

8 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-8 BGP Route Propagation The best BGP routes are propagated to BGP neighbors.

9 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-9 The best BGP routes are copied into the IP routing table based on administrative distance. Building the IP Routing Table

10 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-10 Advertising Local Networks The BGP router process keeps a list of local networks (defined with the network command or through redistribution). The BGP process periodically scans the IP routing table and inserts or revokes routes from the BGP routing table based on their presence in the IP routing table.

11 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-11 Advertising Local Networks (Cont.) The BGP route is revoked after the network is removed from the routing table.

12 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-12 Advertising Local Networks (Cont.) The BGP route is advertised after the network appears in the routing table.

13 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-13 Automatic Summarization Automatic summarization is enabled by default. Enable automatic summarization when: –Summarization of IGP-to-BGP redistributed routes to major network boundary required –Using classful network command to summarize subnets to a major network boundary Disable automatic summarization when: –Summarization on IGP-to-BGP redistribution not desired –Using classless variant of the network command

14 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-14 Automatic Summarization (Cont.) Classful network summary is inserted into BGP table. One subnet and one host route for exist in the routing table. Automatic summarization is enabled for BGP. BGP has been configured to locally announce

15 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-15 Automatic Summarization (Cont.) Classful network summary is inserted into BGP table. One subnet and two host routes for exist in the routing table. Automatic summarization is enabled for BGP. BGP has been configured to redistribute Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) into BGP.

16 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-16 Summary After BGP sessions are established between BGP routers, they can start exchanging routing updates. All updates that are received from BGP neighbors are stored in the BGP table, regardless of whether they are used. The route selection process takes into account various BGP attributes that are attached to the route, as well as local decisions (indicated with weights). Only the best BGP routes are propagated to other BGP routers.

17 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-17 Summary (Cont.) Only the best BGP routes are installed in the local IP routing table. Every BGP router can also originate the routes in BGP. The routes to be originated are entered manually in the BGP routing process or redistributed into BGP from an IGP. Automatic summarization is enabled by default in BGP.

18 © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—1-18


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