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Prepositions. Prepositions are words that show the relationship between other words.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepositions. Prepositions are words that show the relationship between other words."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepositions

2 Prepositions are words that show the relationship between other words.

3 infrombelow atintonear byoverunder foracrossafter ofthroughbefore totowardabove withuponduring aboutoffon

4 Prepositions of time At, in, for, before, during, after, until

5 Using at, in, on at: specific time of the day at midnight, at 5:00 PM at six oclock, at lunch, at dinner at: an address, a specific building or participation in some event at the local library, at a movie theater, at the doctors office, at BCC

6 Use At after verbs that indicate being or remaining in one place and not moving from one place to another Usually he stays at work. He sits at his desk and looks at his inventions.

7 In: general times or period of times in February, in 1972 in the afternoon, in the summer in the meantime in these years In: location inside an enclosed area or an area with specific boundaries in the yard, in my car, in a bookstore, in the pool, in an envelope, in a box

8 On: specific days and dates, holidays on Saturday on June 19 on Thanksgiving Day on my birthday On: one object supported by another object with some surface of both objects touching each other on that table, on the road, on her finger, on your face, on the roof,

9 At InOn at workin the officeon the job at the gamein the crowdon the field at the zooin the parkon the ice at 2:00 PMin Aprilon Tuesday at 9:00 oclockin Octoberon July 12 th at midnightin 1968on May 4, 2003 at nightin bedon a mattress

10 More expressions with in, on, at In loveon TV in agreementon the radio in painon the phone on edgeon the computer on targeton top on timein a city at oddsin a country in a continent

11 Use To after verbs that indicate movement from one place to another. Every morning Ana walks to the library, goes to the coffee shop, and returns to her office.

12 Use during to explain when something happened. Use for to explain how long it takes to happen. During the month of December people spend a lot of money and the stores are busy for days.

13 Do not put to before home I am going home She returned home

14 Position of prepositional phrases of time At the beginning or end of a sentence

15 After the movies, Ill go get ice cream. Ill go get ice cream after the movies.

16 Prepositions of location and direction Location: at, in, on, under, near, in front of, behind, on top of Direction: to, from, into, onto, out of, down, over, off, through, around

17 Position of prepositional phrases of place (location, direction) After the main verb when there is no object or after verb + object

18 I saw her in the cafeteria. She is eating in the cafeteria. Put the money in my purse.

19 Some adjectives are often followed by certain prepositions Afraid ofjealous for Afraid ofjealous for Bad for proud of Bad for proud of Crazy aboutresponsible for Crazy aboutresponsible for Familiar withsad about Familiar withsad about Famous forsafe from Famous forsafe from Fond ofsimilar to Fond ofsimilar to Full ofsorry for Full ofsorry for Good forsure about Good forsure about

20 More expressions (A, B,C) Accuse of Accuse of Add to Add to Angry with Angry with Angry about Angry about Agree with Agree with apologize for apologize for apply for apply for Approve of Approve of Argue with Argue with Ask for Ask for Aware of Aware of Believe in Belong to Capable of Care about Care for Committed to Comply with Concern about Confronted with Consist of Count on

21 More expressions (D, E, F, G) Deal with Deal with Decide to Decide to Decide on Decide on Depend on Depend on Be disappointed with Be disappointed with Be disappointed about Be disappointed about Dream of Dream of Escape from Escape from Excited about Familiar with Fond of Forget about Forgive (so) for Friendly with Good for Grateful for

22 More expressions (H, I, J, K, L, O, P) Happy about Happy about Hear about Hear about hope for hope for Hopeful about Hopeful about Innocent of Innocent of insist on insist on Insulted by Insulted by Interested in Interested in Introduced to Introduced to Jealous of Jealous of Keep from Located in Long for Look forward to Opposed to Participate in Patient with Pay attention to Pay for Pray for

23 More expressions (P, Q, R, S ) Prepared to Prepared to Prepared for Prepared for Prevent from Prevent from Protect from Protect from Proud of Proud of Provide with Provide with Qualify for Qualify for Be realistic about Be realistic about Refer to Refer to Related to Related to Rely on Rely on Rescue from Responsible for Sad about Satisfied with Scared of Search for Similar to Specialize in Stop from Succeed in

24 More expressions (T, U, W) Take advantage of Take advantage of Take care of Take care of Thank (so) for Thank (so) for Think about Think about Think of Think of Tired of Tired of Upset with Upset with Upset about Upset about Willing to Willing to Wish for Wish for Worry about Worry about

25 Some prepositional phrases occur with no articles At At School School Church Church Lunch Lunch Work Work Home Home In bed In bed to School Church Lunch Work Bed By plane, bus, car, boat On foot

26 Phrasal verbs (two-word verbs) consist of a verb + an adverb (particles) up, down, out, off

27 Some phrasal verbs take objects, others dont She made up a story. Turn down the volume. She grew up in Canada.

28 If the object of the phrasal verb is a noun, it can go before or after the particle. She called off the wedding. She called the wedding off.

29 If the object is a pronoun, it must go before the particle. I picked it up. He took it off

30 Common phrasal verbs with or without objects Catch up Catch up drop out drop out Grow up Grow up Run out Run out Settle down Settle down Show up Show up slow down slow down take off take off turn up turn up Work out Work out

31 Common phrasal verbs with objects Bring up Bring up Build up Build up Call off Call off Check out Check out Figure out Figure out Give up Give up keep up keep up Let down Let down look up look up Make up Make up Pick up Pick up Point out Point out

32 Some common combinations Some common combinations grouped by preposition 1. Verbs + about ask complain dream forget talk think worry

33 2. 2. Verb + to agree object be used pay attention belong relate explain reply introduce say listen speak

34 3. 3.Verbs + with agreefill argue get along break up help competefinish cooperate work disagree

35 4. Verbs + for apologize ask buy do look make pay study thank

36 5. Verbs + on count have keep pick put rely take wait work

37 6. Verbs + off break call cut fall jump keep live take turn

38 7. Verbs + at guess laugh look smile stare yell

39 8. 8. Verbs + of complain die get rid

40 9. Verbs + toward contribute head turn walk work

41 Verb + preposition Combinations Like phrasal verbs, these combinations are sometimes called two-word verbs The most common prepositions in these combinations include: about, for, in, on, to, after, at, of, from

42 Verbs + prepositions are different from phrasal verbs In phrasal verbs, pronoun objects come before particles In verbs + prepositions, all objects come after their prepositions.

43 Three - word verbs combine a phrasal verb ( a verb + particle) with a preposition Keep up with Keep up with Drop in on Drop in on Face up to Face up to Get along with Get along with Put up with Put up with Cut down on Cut down on

44 Against 1. touching the side surface of Dont lean against the door. 2. in opposition to I am against changing the rules of the class.

45 Among in the middle of three or more unspecified items concerning more than two people My class is among the others.

46 Between in the middle of two items concerning two people Its between Maria and you.

47 Through moving along a passage beyond Go through the hallway and turn left.

48 Toward going in the direction of a destination He is walking toward me.

49 The End!

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