Phrasal Verbs What are they…? How do you use them correctly?
Phrasal verbs are commonly used in English, so it’s important to learn them! A phrasal verb has 2 parts: 1) a verb 2) and a preposition (at least one) special meaning * often a phrasal verb has a special meaning
…Examples Show up = arrive/come Show off = brag/show how great you are Show around = to familiarize someone with a new place Take off = leave a place Take after = to resemble or look like another person
Sometimes phrasal verbs have an object... The object simply answers the question: What? Or Who? Look at the following examples
1. Cynthia drops off the children at 8:00 each day. Drop off = phrasal verb... WHO does she drop off? The children...The children = object 2. Carlos wanted to get healthy. So he decided to give up smoking. Give up = phrasal verb... WHAT did he give up? Smoking... Smoking = object
2 When a phrasal verb uses an object, the object can occur in 2 locations: (=this is called a separable phrasal verb) Look at this example: Michael was scheduled to marry Lisa in two days. He should have been excited, but he wasn’t. Instead, he felt... Very VERY Nervous!!!
But, a day before the wedding, Michael decided that he had made a BIG mistake ! So he called off the wedding! 1. He called off _______________ 2. He called off. 2. He called ____________ off. 3. He called off. 3. He called _________ off.
Grammar Rules: An object of a phrasal verb can appear: 1. After the phrasal verb: They turned up the volume. OR... 2. In the middle of a phrasal verb: They turned the volume up. 3. But, if the object is a pronoun it must be in the middle. They turned IT up.
Now it’s your turn to do some grammar! What are some other ways to say each sentence below? 1. She tried on her new dress. Answer: She tried her new dress on. She tried it on. 2. They called off the games due to rain. Answer: They called the games off due to rain. They called them off.
Good Job! Remember... Learning new grammar rules takes a lot of practice, so don’t GIVE UP!
VERB look make put take get run bring break turn carry... up on down out of over off out for... +PREPOSITION or PARTICLE +
VERB look make put take get run bring break turn carry +PREPOSITION or PARTICLE for=search up=invent out=extinguish off=leave the ground over=recover out of=have none left up=rear, educate down=collapse up=appear unexpectedly on=continue
VERB+PARTICLE+PREPOSITION keep up with advance at the same pace run out of have none left put up with bear patiently look forward to expect with pleasure
literalidiomatic I’ve taken up golf. Take off your jacket. Put out the cat. Look at the picture. The car broke down. Only 20 people turned up. Phrasal verbs express a particular meaning:
LITERAL IDIOMATIC PHRASAL VERBS WITH LITERAL AND IDIOMATIC MEANING PUT OUT put out I always put out the cat at night. Put out Put out the cigarette, please. (extinguish)
LITERAL IDIOMATIC PHRASAL VERBS WITH LITERAL AND IDIOMATIC MEANING PICK UP pick up Can you pick up the diskette for me, please? I dropped it. picked up I picked up some new slang expressions while watching that movie. (learn)
LITERAL IDIOMATIC PHRASAL VERBS WITH LITERAL AND IDIOMATIC MEANING TAKE OFF Take off Take off that funny party hat. You look stupid in it. took off The plane took off 10 minutes ago. (leave the ground)
VERB+PREPOSITION or PARTICLE sometimes they help us understand the phrasal verb’s meaning.
ON go on Why do you go on working? Carry on Carry on! keep on Don’t keep on telling me this! (meaning: continue)
OVER Thinkover Think it over and let me know. talkover We’d better talk it over. Go over Go over the exercise again. (meaning: consider)
OUT went out The lights went out. Rubout Rub that out before mom sees it. died out Many customs have died out. (meaning: disappear)
OUT stretched out The cat stretched out in front of the fire. Hold out Hold out your hand. putout He put his tongue out. (meaning: outward movement)
UP Eatup Eat it all up! usedup We’ve used it up already. Drink up Drink up and then we’ll go. (meaning: finish, all, totally)
OFF drove off He drove off like a maniac. Back off Back off! set off We set off early in the morning. (meaning: movement)