4Programme Welcome & Introduction Dounreay Site Restoration Ltd Brief Direct Rail Services Ltd BriefScenario and Question Set 1 / FeedbackScenario Update and Question Set 2 / FeedbackScenario Update and Question Set 3 / FeedbackNetwork Rail Brief / Role of the Railway Incident Officer
5Provide an awareness of the inter agency response and co-operation AimProvide an awareness of theinter agency response and co-operationrequired to deal with, and recover froma rail incident involving radioactive materials
6ObjectivesExamine the multi-agency incident management required at the scene.Confirm the procedures in place to deal locally and nationally with a radiation incident.Be aware of the various agencies and their statutory role at specialised incidents.
7Objectives contdConsider the investigation requirements following such an event.Examine the media and public communications requirements of a potentially sensitive rail incident.Consider the longer term implications of such a rail incident.
8SyndicatesSyndicates are multi-agency.Each table has a facilitator who should now introduce themselves and take a couple of minutes to go round the table for syndicate introductions.
9Dounreay Site Restoration Ltd Pauline BanksEmergency Planning ManagerDounreay Site Restoration Ltd
11RADSAFE Exercise Railsafe Inverness 11th July 2012 Mark Hempton Security & Risk Manager
12Company OverviewEstablished 1996 as part of BNFL group, now part of the NDA300+ employeesHQ and main maintenance facility in Carlisle with smaller depots elsewhere. Scotland – Motherwell, Grangemouth and InvernessSole carrier of nuclear materials by railNuclear approx. 45% of business and still growing. Still considered our most important sector
13Key Interfaces (Add logos) Dounreay Site Restoration Ltd (DSRL)- customer for this trafficNetwork Rail- own and operate the national rail infrastructure- normally manage incidents affect the NRCIBritish Transport Police (BTP)- rail network’s police force, normally the first PoCOffice for Nuclear Regulation – Civil Nuclear Security- approve DRS’s security arrangementsRADSAFE- DRS ‘associate member’ through links with customers
15Normal Operations Empty flask rail movement to Georgemas Empty/full road movements from Dounreay Site to GeorgemasTrain loaded at Georgemas railheadFitness to run checks undertaken by DRS TrainmanTrain then departs in its’ pre-booked time slot (Driver + Trainman on board)Train runs in accordance with NR rules of the route and designated line speeds to final destination of Sellafield, where the train is unloaded
16Incident ConditionsAll traincrew trained to respond appropriately and to initiate the appropriate emergency response arrangementsFurther detail during the exercise!!
19Scenario The day and time are as now. Weather is typical of a good Summers day, 22º C with a light Westerly breezeA livestock vehicle carrying 60 sheep is heading east on the A836 and is approaching Lairg Open Level Crossing .The crossing is just to the North of and in site of Lairg Railway Station.A freight train travelling south from Georgemas Junction carrying one nuclear fuel flask is also approaching the crossing.
20ScenarioThe driver of the freight train slows down to 15mph to traverse the crossing.The driver of the livestock truck disregards the flashing warning lights and collides with the lead engine as it traverses the crossing.The train driver applies the emergency brakes and the train comes to halt with the flask wagon straddling the crossing.On colliding with the lead engine, the truck is dragged along the side of the train and comes to rest embedded in the side of the flask wagon
23Additional Information The train crew have not been injured and are able to initiate the normal accident notification procedures.The truck driver has also escaped serious injury but his mate is trapped in the cab.The drivers mate is trapped in the cab and unconscious and appears to have serious head injuries.
24Additional Information The truck driver phones 999 reports the accident and asks for all the emergency services to attend stating that there is a radiation sign on the train.The truck driver also informs the 999 operator that some smoke is starting to billow from around his truck and there is also some liquid which appears to be dripping from below the truck.There are no signs of a fire at present and he is unsure as to whether the smoke and leaking liquid is coming from his truck or the rail wagon
26Question Set 1 What is your organisation’s immediate response? Given the location, what would be the ETA’s of initial resources?What information would you be looking for and where would you source this from?In terms of initial resources, what considerations would your organisation take into account?
28Question Set 1 FeedbackWhat is your organisation’s immediate response?Given the location, what would be the ETA’s of initial resources?What information would you be looking for and where would you source this from?In terms of initial resources, what considerations would your organisation take into account?
31Scenario UpdateAt the time of the incident, the Inverness to Wick passenger service train is sitting in the northbound platform at Lairg Station awaiting the freight train to pass.The train is very busy with approximately 80 passengers on board. Some have been alarmed by the noise of the collision and are asking the passenger train crew what is happening.In addition, there is a light breeze blowing which is carrying the smoke towards Lairg. Householders are becoming concerned about the smoke and are also ringing the emergency services for advice.Traffic is now building up on either side of the crossing with drivers getting out of their vehicles to see what has happened and assist.
33Question Set 2Resources are beginning to arrive at the given location (RADSAFE are en-route):-What would be your first priorities/actions?Discuss how the management of the incident will be effectively achieved, giving particular attention to:-Levels of managementCo-ordination of resourcesInter-agency liaisonIncident management structure on/off siteCommunications (including media communications)Initial Strategy
35Question Set 2 FeedbackResources are beginning to arrive at the given location (RADSAFE are en-route):-What would be your first priorities/actions?Discuss how the management of the incident will be effectively achieved, giving particular attention to:-Levels of managementCo-ordination of resourcesInter-agency liaisonIncident management structure on/off siteCommunications (including media communications)Initial Strategy
37Scenario Update It is now 2 and a half hours into the incident and:- The inner and outer cordons have been set up.The casualty has been?????????????The source of the smoke has been traced and dealt with.RADSAFE personnel are now on the scene and have carried out radiation monitoring declaring the scene safe.The dripping liquid from the truck has stopped but a pool formed as a result is now slowly running into a nearby storm drain / ditch.The truck driver is getting very concerned about the welfare of the animals in his trailer.
39Question Set 3What are the key issues your organisation has had to deal with?What other issues or considerations will your organisation have to deal with (operationally)?Who else have you informed or should you inform regarding this incident?
41Question Set 3 FeedbackWhat are the key issues your organisation has had to deal with?What other issues or considerations will your organisation have to deal with (operationally)?Who else have you informed or should you inform regarding this incident?
43Network Rail / The Rail Incident Officer John ForsythSecurity & Emergency Planning Specialist (Scotland)Network Rail
44Level Crossing Statistics 7,000 level crossings across the UK1,500 are public vehicular crossingsScotland has 622 level crossings95 of these crossings are on public roads680 million vehicles use level crossing safely each year
45Rail Incident Officer The nominated and certificated person who is responsible foron-site commandand control of all rail related organisationsand their support at an accident or incidentinvolving train operations, lines or sidings.
46Definition The Rail Incident Officer (RIO) must: Be someone with the competency & certificated to carry out the roleBe the focal point of contact with the emergency services on siteCo-ordinate all activities on site/locus and take responsibility for the determination of the cause of the occurrence and site clearance arrangementsOffer advice, maintain safety
48Rail Incident Officer Network Rail on-call staff Local Operations Manager (LOM)orMobile Operations Manager (MOM)Staff with a “Day Job”Available 24/7Appointed “as” & “when” required by Route Control
49Immediate Priorities Make the site safe Get Help Assess the circumstancesPreserve the evidence
50Focus Interface with Emergency Services incident officers on site Interface with the regulatory bodies:Rail Accident Investigation Branch (RAIB)HSE, HMRI, SEPA.Rail Industry Support, including contractorsRail Industry collection and preservation of evidence and investigationSite Safety Management
52Rail Incident Officer Types of incidents an RIO will be appointed to:- Derailments and collisionsPerson falling from or struck by trainObstruction of the lineExternal emergencies, e.g. gas leaks affecting operational railwayRIO to liaise with SIO when station incident will impact upon the operational railway
54IntroductionThe Scottish AreaRole of the BTPMajor IncidentsPrimacy
55INTRODUCTIONBritish Transport Police is the national police force for the railways providing a policing service to rail operators, their staff and passengers throughout England, Wales and Scotland.As a dedicated, specialist force British Transport Police’s (BTP) purpose is to protect and serve passengers, staff and the railway. Over the years, we have built up a wealth of experience in responding to major incidents – both those unique to our environment and those which have affected the wider community.We police the tracks and provide a service to rail operators, their staff and passengers across the country, and strive to provide a policing service which delivers a safe railway environment that is free from disruption and the fear of crime.
56INTRODUCTION We also police the: London Underground system Docklands Light Railwaythe Midland Metro tram systemCroydon TramlinkGlasgow Subway.
58INTRODUCTION 2982 Police Officers 337 PCSOs 206 Special Constables 1350 Police staff233 Police Officers21 Special Constables29 Police staff334 Railway Stations
59INTRODUCTION BTPA 2008 – 2011 Strategic Goals Reducing Crime and DisorderProtecting the railway economyIncreasing BTP’s capacity and capability through improved efficiency and effectivenessProviding a better service to passengers, rail staff and the rail industry
60INTRODUCTION HMIC 2010 Inspection ‘Its is doing particularly well in areas of responding to immediate incidents, reducing violent offences, improving victim satisfaction, investigating fatalities and returning the railway to normality’‘More needs to be done to reduce live cable theft and improve perception of passenger safety’
62ROLE of BTP Reassurance Policing Criminal Investigation Neighbourhood & Community PolicingCounter TerrorismFootballCriminal JusticeEmergencies Planning
63ROLE of BTP Reassurance Policing Criminal Investigation Neighbourhood & Community PolicingCounter TerrorismFootballCriminal JusticeEmergencies PlanningRestorative JusticeFamily LiaisonCrime Scene InvestigationPublic OrderSearch TeamsEducationLearning and Development
64MAJOR INCIDENTSAgreement on responsibilities between BTP and the local police force will be subject to negotiation with the local force at the outset of any major incident. Whilst most incidents on the railway fall within the jurisdiction of the BTP, the Chief Constable for the police area where the incident occurs will always retain responsibility for their geographical area and local communityGenerally in relation to uniform response BTP will lead on matters within the inner cordon and on railway property, and the local police force will assist with the outer cordons and matters off railway property.Terrorist matters will have separate arrangements. BTP and the local police force will reach clear agreement on who is responsible for what functions relating to the major incident and discuss mutual aid dependant upon the circumstances.
65PRIMACY Protocol between BTP and Scottish Police Service Investigation of crimeReporting and Recording OffencesMutual AidExtended JurisdictionAnti-Terrorism PowersTraffic Control and EscortsAccountabilityComplaints
66PRIMACY ACPOS / BTP Memorandum of Understanding Suspicious / non-suspicious deathsIndustrial accidentsCollapse in train or stationDrug / suspected drug deathsLevels Crossing Road Traffic Collisions
67PRIMACY ACPOS Emergency Procedures Manual: Agreement between both Forces must be recorded and communicated to all officers on site.Irrespective of rank of first officer to arrive initial action of assessment is vitalBTP will assume interim command, trains have been stopped and traction current turned off, ensure protection of inner cordon, collection and recording of all property from the scene.
68Please return and be seated by 13:30 latest Lunch BreakPlease return and be seated by 13:30 latest
70Scenario UpdateReporters from the various media have arrived at the scene and are trying to get information on what has happened and want to interview emergency services leaders..Initial reports from the media have highlighted (wrongly) that there is a suspected radiation leak and there have been aerial photographs of firefighters and others wearing ‘special’ suits.Your organisation has been inundated with calls from the media too asking for interviews.
72Question Set 4How are the media going to be managed on site and by whom?Who should act as media spokesperson on site?What sort of information should be provided to the media and by whom.What sort of information should not be provided to the media and by whom.
74Question Set 4 FeedbackHow are the media going to be managed on site and by whom?Who should act as media spokesperson on site?What sort of information should be provided to the media and by whom.What sort of information should not be provided to the media and by whom.
75Recovery Considerations All agencies to contribute