Presentation on theme: "[Insert faculty Banner] Consistency of Assessment"— Presentation transcript:
1[Insert faculty Banner] Consistency of Assessment Science 7-10
2What is Assessment?“Schools are to undertake assessment to collect information about students’ learning. This will occur through both formal and informal activitiesAssessment is the process of identifying, gathering and interpreting information about students' learning.The central purpose of assessment is to provide information on student achievement and progress and set the direction for ongoing teaching and learning.Policy Standards for Curriculum Planning and Programming,Assessing and Reporting to Parents K-12
3Who is to be assessed?Assessment of student learning will be undertaken for all learners, including students with disabilities:enrolled in regular classes;enrolled in special classes or in special schools;accessing life skills outcomes and content in Years 7-10 or following life skills patterns of study in Years11-12.”Policy Standards for Curriculum Planning and Programming,Assessing and Reporting to Parents K-12
4Assessment ‘for’ Learning Assessment for learning acknowledges that assessment should occur as a regular part of teaching and learning and that the information gained from assessment activities can be used to shape the teaching and learning process.Assessment for learning in the K-10 Curriculum Framework is designed to enhance teaching and improve learning. It is assessment that gives students opportunities to produce the work that leads to development of their knowledge, skills and understanding.Examples of assessment for learning activities linked to school teaching programs can be found on the Curriculum Support website at
5Assessment ‘for’ Learning Assessment for learning involves teachers in deciding how and when to assess student achievement, as they plan the work students will do, using a range of appropriate assessment strategies including self-assessment and peer assessment.Teachers of K-10 students will provide students with opportunities in the context of everyday classroom activities, as well as planned assessment events, to demonstrate their learning.
6Assessment ‘of’ Learning Assessment for learning informs assessment of learningEnables teachers to report on the status of student learning at various points in the teaching and learning program.Involves teachers making holistic professional judgements of student achievement, based on evidence collected from both formal and informal measures of each student’s performance against defined criteria, collected over time from a number of assessment for learning activities.
7Collaborative planning Has a number of dimensions:Teacher - teacher dialogue to develop quality assessment instrumentsTeacher - student dialogue to guide students’ path through learningStudent – teacher dialogue to self guide learning and inform teaching
8Which syllabus outcomes when in the teaching learning opportunity? Consider the key questions:What do the students need to learn?Why does that learning matter?What do the students need to do to and demonstrate to show they have done that learning?How well do they have to do it?Plan the teaching learning program and assessment to answer these questions.
9Collaborative planning and quality assessment processes In Science teaching we recognise that assessment is a two-way mode of communication.As well as gathering information about students’ learning, we know that it is through assessment that we communicate to students what it is that we value in Science.Assessment is anchored on a standard
10Collaborative planning and quality assessment processes What kind of assessment can I use to provide students with the opportunity toshow what they have learntaddress significant scientific contentprovide quality feedback to the student on their learning?Assessment must be valid and reliable.
11Collaborative planning and quality assessment processes In practice, effective science assessment is characterised by tasks which:connect to prior learningengage students, are relevant and are valued by themallow students to demonstrate their science skills in contextAllow students to show what they know and can do
12Understanding the Standards It is imperative that we build understanding of the standards to be able to appropriately award gradesThis understanding can be built by:Reflecting on the syllabus stage statementsReflecting on the Course Performance Descriptors (CPDs)accessing the Board of Studies assessment advice, Assessment Resource Centre (ARC) and the Standards PackagesProfessional dialogue - Reflecting on past student performances
13Understanding the Standards The Stage Statements in the K-10 syllabuses:“summarise the knowledge, understanding, skills, values and attitudes gained by achieving the outcomes for a stage of learning”.
14Understanding the Standards The Course Performance Descriptors for the K-10 syllabuses:“have been developed from the Board’s general performance descriptors, and provide a more complete description of typical performance in this course at each grade level (A-E) ”.
16Understanding the Standards Accessing:Advice on Programmingand AssessmentThe Standards PackagesThe ARC
17The Assessment Resource Centre supports assessing and reporting student achievement relative to standards
18Understanding the Standards Through using the ARC website materials you can become familiar with the A to E standards by reading:the descriptions for each gradethe tasks and activitiesthe work samples, andthe grade commentaries.
19Understanding the Standards Through use of the ARC website materials you can, while reading the student work samples provided, think of your experiences with students you have taught who have produced work of a similar standard.This will give you a “mental picture” of the knowledge, skills and understanding represented by a student that would have been awarded that grade.
20Understanding the Standards Discussions with your colleagues is critical. It may be especially helpful for:New teachersOrWhere a teacher is not experienced with that stage
21Understanding the Standards Using work samples aligned to grades assists teachers to have a clear understanding of the standards at each grade level.For each subject area in each stage, the samples of student work, together, show the standard of work typically produced by students performing at that grade level.Teachers can use this information to assist them to consistently apply the Common Grade Scale to award grades to students at key reporting points.
22Understanding the Standards Aligning a work sample to a particular grade indicates that the work sample is of a standard that would typically be produced by a student whose overall performance, on balance, best matches that grade description.The samples of work for a subject area for a particular grade, when taken collectively, enable teachers to clearly see the quality of work typically produced by students who will be awarded each grade at the end of the stage.It is important to note at this point that:The award of an A-E grade is about the on-balance judgement of the performance of the student rather than the awarding of a grade to a particular piece of work which may or may-not represent the students overall performance level.
23Allocating Grades Awarding the right grade Reporting with grades requires teachers to use their on-balance judgement in relation to standardsAn on-balance judgement does not focus on a single piece of work.This is a key professional skill.
24Below and above standard Professional dialogue to determine how far below or above standard.Assign an A-E grade (or equivalent)C at standardThe allocation of a grade is based on a body of work
25Awarding the right grade (2) Teachers weigh up the assessment information collected for a student up to that point in time.This information will come from both formal assessment activities and informal observations and will be built up over time and in different situations.
26Consistent teacher judgements The consistency of judgements about grades within and between schools comes from:following teaching programs based on common syllabusesusing the common grade scaleconsidering shared samples of student workdiscussions with colleagues
27Common Grade Scale Grade Grade Descriptions A B C D E The student has an extensive knowledge and understanding of the content and can readily apply this knowledge. In addition, the student has achieved a very high level of competence in the processes and skills and can apply these skills to new situations.BThe student has a thorough knowledge and understanding of the content and a high level of competence in the processes and skills. In addition, the student is able to apply this knowledge and these skills to most situations.CThe student has a sound knowledge and understanding of the main areas of content and has achieved an adequate level of competence in the processes and skills.DThe student has a basic knowledge and understanding of the content and has achieved a limited level of competence in the processes and skills.EThe student has an elementary knowledge and understanding in few areas of the content and has achieved very limited competence in some of the processes and skills.
28A-E GradesAt the beginning of a reporting period, teachers will consider what students are expected to learn. That is, the knowledge, skills and understanding that is typically spelt out in the syllabuses and the teaching/learning programs developed by schools.
29A-E GradesDuring the assessment period students should be told how they are performing against the standard and guided on how they can improve. This is done through the development of tasks designed and marked around explicit criteria and the provision of meaningful explicit feedback.
30A-E GradesAt the end of the reporting period, teachers will consider how well students have achieved. This is addressed by using the common A-E grade scale which summarises the degree to which students have demonstrated their achievement of the knowledge, skills and understanding they have had the opportunity to learn. How well takes into account the breadth and depth of their learning.
31Allocating Grades Assessment ‘of’ Learning The Assessment ProgramEstablish an assessment program that consists of a number of assessment activitiesEnsure the assessment activities cover a range of outcomes and are established with explicit assessment criteriaProvide opportunities for students to display their achievements in different ways and to work in a range of situationsDecide on the relative importance of each assessment activityCollect performance information on each student from assessment activities
32Course Performance Descriptors (CPDs) Course performance descriptors have been developed by the OBOS for each course. They describe the main features of a typical student's performance at each grade measured against the syllabus objectives and outcomes for the course.You will make the final judgement of the most appropriate grade on the basis of available assessment information and with reference to the course performance descriptors.The grades awarded should reflect the relative emphasis placed on the assessable objectives of school programs and the syllabus. For example, where a school has placed considerable emphasis on the development of research skills, that emphasis should be reflected in the assessment program.
33CPDs for ScienceDownload a copy of the Stage 5 Course Performance Descriptors for Science from the NSW Board of Studies website at
34CPDs for Science CPDs are: standards achieved by Year 10 students at the end of Stage 5not intended to be a checklist or a comprehensive description of student performance
35Using AE Grades and CPDs Year 7Semester 1A-E reporting scale used to make judgements on student achievement related to the syllabus outcomes and content taught during that semester only.Semester 2Year 8Year 9Year 10BOS CPDs used to make judgement
36Making Judgements Assessment ‘for’ Learning Identify where students are on the K-10 Science continuum and design learning activities that will move them along the continuumThe continuum poster is ideal to display in your classroom and have students and teachers sharing a common understanding of syllabus expectationsPlace a copy of the Stage 5 mathematics CPDs beside the poster communicating to students the standards expected for particular grades at the end of Year 10Display the continuum poster and the CPDs at parent teacher interviews communicating syllabus expectations to all stakeholders
37Helping New Scheme Teachers It is important for all teachers and particularly for new scheme teachers to:share interpretations of syllabus expectations and understandings with colleagues or teacher networksuse student work samples collaboratively to make judgementshave a shared understanding of student achievement at a particular point
38Contacts / Resources For further information: Contacts Glen Sawle, Manager, ScienceorRic Morante, Senior Curriculum Adviser, Science 7-12
39Contacts / ResourcesRefer to the Curriculum Support website