2Assessment in PDHPE Assessment for learning Assessment of learning Point in time judgementMade against syllabus standards, CPDs or A-E scaleongoing processprovides direction for teaching and learning
3The relationship between A-E Grades and CPDs Year 7Semester 1A-E reporting scale used to make judgements on student achievement related to the syllabus outcomes and content taught during that semester only.Semester 2Year 8Year 9Year 10BOS CPDs used to make judgementIt is important to recognise the different roles that the A-E reporting scales and CPDs have in assessment and reporting. CPDS are only used at the end of Stage 5 (Year 10) to make a judgement on student achievement during Year 10 for the SC award.Reporting scales are used for each reporting period e.g. at the end of each Semester. Schools are required to make judgements of student achievement based on the syllabus content and outcomes covered for that semester only. This is a point in time judgement about the content the students has accessed during that semester.
4A-E GradesAt the beginning of a reporting period, teachers will consider what students are expected to learn.At the end of the reporting period, teachers will consider how well students have achieved. This is reported by using the common A-E grade scale.At the beginning of a reporting period, teachers will consider what students are expected to learn. That is, the knowledge, skills and understanding that is typically spelt out in the syllabuses and the teaching/learning programs developed by schools.At the end of the reporting period, teachers will consider how well students have achieved. This is addressed by using the common A-E grade scale which summarises the degree to which students have demonstrated their achievement of the knowledge, skills and understanding they have had the opportunity to learn. How well takes into account the breadth and depth of their learning.
5Common Grade Scale Grade Grade Descriptions A B C D E The student has an extensive knowledge and understanding of the content and can readily apply this knowledge. In addition, the student has achieved a very high level of competence in the processes and skills and can apply these skills to new situations.BThe student has a thorough knowledge and understanding of the content and a high level of competence in the processes and skills. In addition, the student is able to apply this knowledge and these skills to most situations.CThe student has a sound knowledge and understanding of the main areas of content and has achieved an adequate level of competence in the processes and skills.DThe student has a basic knowledge and understanding of the content and has achieved a limited level of competence in the processes and skills.EThe student has an elementary knowledge and understanding in few areas of the content and has achieved very limited competence in some of the processes and skills.
6Course Performance Descriptors Course performance descriptors describe the main features of a typical student's performance at each grade measured against the syllabus standards.The final judgement of the most appropriate grade is made on the basis of available assessment information and with reference to the course performance descriptors.Course performance descriptors have been developed for each course. They describe the main features of a typical student's performance at each grade measured against the syllabus objectives and outcomes for the course.You will make the final judgement of the most appropriate grade on the basis of available assessment information and with reference to the course performance descriptors.The grades awarded should reflect the relative emphasis placed on the assessable objectives of school programs and the syllabus. For example, where a school has placed considerable emphasis on the development of research skills, that emphasis should be reflected in the assessment program.
7What is consistency?Consistency in relation to assessment occurs when teachers are able to make judgements about student learning that are not dependent on:the individual teacherstudentlocationtime.These are based on a shared understanding of syllabus standards of learning.
8Why do we need consistency? To:Develop shared or common interpretations of standards and expectations of what constitutes achievement of syllabus standardsDevelop shared understandings of what students’ achievements look likeDevelop accuracy and reliability in making judgementsEnsure judgements are equitable in terms of implications for student learningStrengthen the value of teachers’ judgementsInform well-targeted teaching programs
9How can consistency be developed? Participate in professional dialogue with colleagues.Develop a common task across the grade and corporate mark.Select individual work samples and discuss what the student demonstrates in the sample.Build in structured time to meet with faculty members to discuss consistency issues.Review work samples from other schools and discuss allocation of grades.
11Getting to know the standards You become familiar with the standards by readingthe descriptions for each gradethe tasks and activitiesthe work samples, andthe grade commentaries.
12Getting to know the standards Think of students who have produced work of a similar standard to develop a “mental picture” of the knowledge, skills and understanding represented by that grade.Discussions with your colleagues may also be helpful.
13Participate in professional dialogue Discuss the syllabus frameworkDiscuss outcomes and what they meanShare interpretations and understandingsUse work samples collaborativelyShared understanding of student achievement at a particular point
14Using Work SamplesWork samples aligned to grades assist teachers to have a clear understanding of the standards at each grade level.Teachers can use this information to assist them to consistently apply the Common Grade Scale to award grades to students.For each subject area in each stage, the samples of student work, together, show the standard of work typically produced by students performing at that grade level.
15Using Work SamplesThe samples of work for a subject area for a particular grade, when taken collectively, enable teachers to clearly see the quality of work typically produced by students who will be awarded each grade at the end of the stage.
16Assessment of learning in PDHPE Allocation of gradesPoint in time judgementMade against syllabus standards, CPDs or A-E scale
17Allocating GradesDecision about the most appropriate grade should be an on-balance professional judgement that:is based on evidence gathered in a number of assessment activities, across a range of contexts and over a period of timegives greater weight to those activities undertaken towards the end of the courseconsiders the maximum level of demonstrated student achievementrepresents the best overall description of the student's achievement, at the end of Stage 5.
18Choosing the right grade Reporting with grades requires teachers to use their on-balance judgement in relation to standards.This is a key professional skill.
19Choosing the right grade An on-balance judgment does not just focus on a single piece of work.Teachers weigh up the assessment information collected for a student up to that point in time.This information will come from both formal assessment activities and informal observations and will be built up over time and in different situations.
20Processes for developing consistency collaboratively plan teaching programs which clearly state the intended learningcollaboratively develop common assessment practices and/ tasksexamine student work against the syllabus standards.
21Collaborative planning and quality assessment processes Develop appropriate learning and assessment activitiesExamine tasks to determine standard expectedExamine work samples against standardsEstablish cut-offs between the grade levelsGo to PDHPE Unit website for a detailed process at:
22Resources Curriculum K-12 website PDHPE ListServeTo register send an toBoard of Studies web siteAssessment Resource CentreNSW HSC Online PDHPEHSC Assessment Bank
23Contacts For further information contact: Rosemary Davis CEO PDHPE Ph:Janice AtkinSenior Curriculum Adviser PDHPEPh: