Presentation on theme: "How do we align curriculum intent, pedagogy, assessment and reporting? On The Same Page."— Presentation transcript:
How do we align curriculum intent, pedagogy, assessment and reporting? On The Same Page
Module Overview elements of an inclusive curriculum strategies used by effective teachers developing pedagogy to support students with diverse learning needs principles of effective and authentic assessment.
Share a statewide commitment to maximising learning for all students Understand that planning, pedagogy, assessment and reporting are vital components How do I maximise learning for every student?
What is curriculum alignment?
What is curriculum? Curriculum is all the planned learning that is offered and enacted by a school. Curriculum is much more than a syllabus which outlines what is to be taught.
What is curriculum? Curriculum can be thought of as a sequence of elements: the intended, enacted, experienced, assessed, and achieved curriculum, each one responsive to the others.
A good curriculum has each of the elements aligned:
When all students are provided with multiple opportunities to achieve and consolidate the intended curriculum. When is curriculum inclusive?
Institutions Development of Special Schools (late 1900s) Categorisation Remediation Support to fit into Mainstream Schools Categorisation linking support to individual students Segregated educational settings Medical Responsibility Non-educable IgnoringSegregatingIntegratingInclusion Part of broader school community Focus on abilities rather than disabilities Accommodations to environment (barriers to participation) Professional learning How has inclusion evolved? 26 May 2008, Margaret Lynch, Govt of SA, Dept of Education and Student Services 1860 (Qld) Education Act 1981 Inter- national Year of Disabled Persons 1992 DDA 2005 Education Standards
How do I recognise quality teaching programs? All students have multiple opportunities to learn Learning experiences are equitable and inclusive Teaching, learning and assessment is aligned Learning experiences promote depth of understanding; are connected, purposeful and challenging All students have the opportunity to reach their potential
How do I plan and assess at the class level? By using the P – 12 Curriculum Framework and its Guidelines, the teacher plans within and across their year level, consistent with: the required curriculum Early Years Curriculum Guidelines for Prep QCAR Essential Learnings and Standards for Year 1 to 9 Queensland Studies Authority Senior Syllabuses, nationally endorsed Training Packages and nationally accredited vocational education. the School Curriculum Policy/Plan the School Planning expectations
by taking into account: – knowledge about learners – individual needs of learners – learners’ achievement data – learners’ input – school improvement priorities and targets – A-E reporting policy How do I plan and assess at the class level?
What are the capabilities? Cross-disciplinary knowledge that is embedded in the essential learnings requiring students to: know how to work with knowledge develop identity and managing self act in the social and political world
How do I plan the Intended Curriculum for all? Select and unpack the required curriculum to be studied (e.g. Essential Learnings) Design the Assessment Task Provide a Context for Learning
Articulate Criteria for Success / Plan the assessment strategies Plan learning experiences Plan adjustments for diverse learners How do I plan the Intended Curriculum for all?
How do inclusive teachers provide relevant learning experiences for all students? These teachers: tend to view all of their students as having individual needs - not just those with a disability capitalise on the strengths and interests of each student adopt a wide range of strategies that involve whole- school, paired-class, within-class and individual student strategies routinely involve colleagues, parents and other students in assisting them to deliver excellent learning experiences.
How do inclusive teachers provide relevant learning experiences for all students? These teachers: prefer to assist students to participate in the work of the class rather than to work on individually tailored programs or modified curriculum. ‘experiment’, test hunches about what might work and take a reflective and problem- solving approach to their teaching.
How do inclusive teachers provide relevant learning experiences for all students? These teachers: plan thoroughly and extensively and use time for essential consultation and collaboration with others have positive attitudes, high levels of adaptation and fewer barriers to including students with disabilities
What are the pedagogical issues? It is useful and prudent for teachers to be knowledgeable of issues associated with particular disabilities: How the child experiences disability The effects and side effects of medications How the disability may more generally affect the student in the classroom.
How do we improve the learning outcomes of students with disabilities? Effective instruction e.g. targeted concepts – to ensure active engagement. Instruction geared to students’ success. Systematic introduction of new concepts. Linking new information to previously learned skills.
How do we improve the learning outcomes of students with disabilities? Providing immediate feedback Heterogeneous/ flexible grouping arrangements. Cooperative learning Peer tutoring
How do we improve the learning outcomes of students with disabilities? Naturalistic teaching strategies where existing routines and contexts were used to teach specific skills Flexible classroom groupings, including small group, whole class and 1:1 instruction Providing practice opportunities
What is the purpose of applying adjustments? Why do we apply adjustments? To assist a student with a disability to participate in learning experiences and assessment tasks on the same basis as other students.
When is an adjustment reasonable? When it achieves this purpose while taking into account the student’s learning needs and balancing the interests of all, including those of the student with the disability, the teacher and other students.
Assessment and Reporting In a time of greater student diversity, increased emphasis on standards and accountability challenges teachers to help all students achieve.
What do we need to know about assessment? Assessment tasks should assess what they claim to assess Assessment criteria should be explicit so that the basis for judgments is clear and public The literacy and numeracy demands of assessment tasks should be explicitly taught
Judgments should be based on a range of evidence (formal and informal) It should provide students with opportunities to demonstrate the extent of learning Assessment should inform planning, teaching and reporting What do we need to know about assessment?
What are the principles of authentic assessment? valid explicit comprehensive inform planning and teaching inform reporting
What makes an assessment traditional? Short answers Paper Workbook Pen and pencil Easy to administer Quick, easy grading Specific time limits Reflects recall ability
What makes an assessment authentic? Application to real life situations Hands-on activities Multiple skills in a task Demonstrations of ability to apply information Ongoing for days, weeks, or throughout a unit of study Reflects growth in a skill or ability
What is quality assessment? It is an ongoing process of gathering evidence It determines what each student knows, understands, and can do It ensures learning required of students as indicated in the intended curriculum It enables students from diverse backgrounds to demonstrate their learning
When is assessment inclusive? When we enable all students to demonstrate the extent and depth of their learning through various modes and technologies.
How do I make assessments inclusive? Understand the term ‘assessment adjustment’ Know why, how and when adjustments are made Know when an adjustment should not be applied Determine appropriate strategies
What is the purpose of applying adjustments? The purpose of applying reasonable adjustments to assessment tasks: to assist a student with a disability to participate in assessment tasks on the same basis as other students. proactive way of ensuring equitable assessment for all students remove barriers that prevent students from demonstrating their current knowledge and skills
37 Who is responsible for making decisions about adjustments? Responsibility for decisions on what is considered to be a reasonable adjustment to a school-based assessment lies with the school.