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Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos en el tiempo presente) Summary and first conjugation: -ar Modified by M. Sincioco.

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Presentation on theme: "Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos en el tiempo presente) Summary and first conjugation: -ar Modified by M. Sincioco."— Presentation transcript:

1 Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos en el tiempo presente) Summary and first conjugation: -ar Modified by M. Sincioco

2 There are three fundamental parts of the Spanish verb

3 The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated form, the one that corresponds to the English “to do” (something). For example, to speak, to work, to sing, etc. The Spanish infinitive always ends in r

4 hablar comer escribir comprar aprender creer salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb

5 The ending: The last two letters of the infinitive. The ending always consists of two letters. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb

6 hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer The ending always consists of two letters salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír There are three types or categories of verbs in Spanish: those that end in ar,those that end in er,and those that end in ir The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb

7 The stem or root: Whatever is left after removing the ending from the infinitive. The stem can consist of a variable number of letters, depending on the length of the verb in question. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb

8 The infinitive – the ending = the stem salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb

9 The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated form of the verb. estudiar The fundamental parts of the verb The ending: The last two letters of the infinitive. The stem: What is left after taking out the ending from the infinitive. ar estudi

10 When we conjugate any verb we always begin with its stem. To conjugate: To put a verb in its correct person and number so that we know who is doing the action. Verb Conjugation

11 Steps for conjugating a verb: 1)Identify the verb type: -ar, -er, or -ir 2)Take off the -ar, -er, or -ir ending, which leaves only the stem 3)Identify the subject (yo, tú, él, ella, etc.) 4) Add the ending that matches the type of verb (-ar, -er, -ir) and the subject (yo, tú, él, ella, etc)

12 The following verbs are regular -ar verbs and are conjugated according to the pattern in the following slides. hablar to speak ayudarto help bailar to dance buscar to look for caminar to walk comprar to buy Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (-ar) conversar to converse enseñar to teach escuchar to listen estudiarto study llegarto arrive mirar to look at nadarto swim necesitarto need preparar to prepare regresarto return tomar to take or to drink trabajarto work viajarto travel

13 a hablar ahbloa ah asa ahblaa hablmosa ahblana Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (-ar) All persons and numbers are based on the stem. Notice which vowel gets the emphasis! yo tú él ella Ud. nosotros/as ellas Uds. ellos

14 trabajar aatrabjoa a jasa atrabjaa trabajmosa atrabjana Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (-ar) Its stem? The emphasis?

15 buscar aubscou ub asu ubscau buscmosa ubscanu Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (-ar) Its stem? The emphasis?

16 a estudiar uestdiou uestdiasu uestdiau estudimosa uestdianu Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (-ar) Its stem? The emphasis?

17 Verb usage The Spanish present indicative tense has several equivalents in English. As in English, it can express present habitual actions: Estudiamos español en la universidad. We study Spanish at the university. But, unlike English, it can also express ongoing actions: En este momento estudiamos en la biblioteca. Right now we’re studying in the library. It can even express future actions: Esta noche estudiamos para el examen. Tonight we will study for the exam.

18 estudioestudiamos estudias estudiaestudian La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar. Verb forms that refer to people that are within the conversation flip to their “opposite” form. ¿Qué estudias? Estudio matemáticas. ¿Qué estudias tú?

19 estudioestudiamos estudias estudiaestudian La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar. Verb forms that refer to people that are outside the conversation do not change. ¿Qué estudia Juan? Estudia filosofía.

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