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Topic: Conjugating –ar verbs Essential Question: How do I converse correctly using –ar verbs in the present tense? Gramática 2.2 Español 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Topic: Conjugating –ar verbs Essential Question: How do I converse correctly using –ar verbs in the present tense? Gramática 2.2 Español 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Topic: Conjugating –ar verbs Essential Question: How do I converse correctly using –ar verbs in the present tense? Gramática 2.2 Español 1

2 Key Terms Subject – WHO or WHAT the sentence is about ◦ Felix listens in class. Verb – The action of a sentence ◦ Felix listens in class Infinitive – The original form of a verb, without a subject, ends in –r in Spanish ◦ escuchar – “to listen” ◦ trabajar – “to work”

3 Making Connections: What’s wrong with these sentences? Making Connections: What’s wrong with these sentences? I’m happy that I speaks Spanish. Señorita Spetly teach Spanish at Harlan. verbs They are not grammatically correct because the verbs are not CONJUGATED correctly

4 Making Connections: Making Connections: speak I’m happy that I speak Spanish. teaches Señorita Spetly teaches Spanish at Harlan. verbs Now the sentences are grammatically correct because the verbs are CONJUGATED correctly according to the subject.

5 What is conjugation? Conjugating a verb is the process of changing the verb ending so that it AGREES with the subject. Example: ◦ I speak Spanish. ◦ She speaks Spanish too.

6 Conjugating in Spanish In Spanish, there are three types of verbs (infinitives): ◦ --ar verbs (hablar, estudiar, etc.) ◦ --er verbs (comer, beber, etc.) ◦ --ir verbs (escribir, compartir, etc.) Regular verbs are conjugated the same way according to the type of infinitive

7 Subject pronouns – REVIEW: Subject pronouns – REVIEW: SINGULAR: Yo – I Tú – You (familiar) Él – He Ella – She Usted – You (formal)

8 Conjugating –ar verbs in the present tense Here’s how you form the present tense of verbs that end in –ar: 1.Start with the infinitive  hablar 2.DROP the –ar  habl (  stem) 3.ADD the appropriate ending to the stem of the verb

9 Conjugation Table: What’s added to the stem of the verb? (yo) --o (tú)--as (él / ella usted) --a  Singular forms of verbs

10 So what are you saying? Talking about yourself (yo)  Yo hablo español. (hablar)  I speak Spanish.  Escucho la m ú sica. (escuchar)  I listen to music.

11 So what are you saying? Talking directly to someone (tú)  ¿Hablas español? (hablar)  Do you speak Spanish?  Tú escuchas la m ú sica. (escuchar)  You listen to music.

12 So what are you saying? Talking about someone (él/ella)  Mi mamá no habla español. (hablar)  My mom doesn’t speak Spanish.  Ana escucha la m ú sica. (escuchar)  Anna listens to music.

13 Práctica Conjugate ‘estudiar’ Yo – Tú – Antonio – ‘Estudiar’ Yo estudio Tú estudias Antonio estudia

14 Práctica Conjugate ‘contestar’ Yo– Tú (informal) – Él – Usted (formal) ‘Contestar’ Contesto Contestas Contesta

15 Conjugate the verbs in the paragraph: Hola, me llamo CiCi. Yo (hablar) _1._ español en mi clase. Yo (tomar) _2._ apuntes todos los días y siempre (escuchar) _3._ a la maestra. En mi clase de español, mi amigo Danilo (contestar) _4._todas las preguntas. ¿Y tú, (estudiar) _5._ español también?

16 Conjugate the verbs in the paragraph: _1. hablo _2. tomo _3. escucho _4. contesto _5. estudias


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