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Lessons from the Bunker or is it now War Room? Machiavellian Marketing Reflections on Political Candidates, Parties and Policies Phil Harris, Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Lessons from the Bunker or is it now War Room? Machiavellian Marketing Reflections on Political Candidates, Parties and Policies Phil Harris, Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lessons from the Bunker or is it now War Room? Machiavellian Marketing Reflections on Political Candidates, Parties and Policies Phil Harris, Department of Marketing University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

2 Niccolo Machiavelli, Meritocratic Rise Desire to Serve Exceptional Observer First Political Scientist and Political Marketer Strength and Direction Forced Retirement

3 Machiavellis Epigrammatic Style Everyone sees what you appear to be; few experience what you really are. The Prince. Old injuries are never suppressed by new benefits. Discourses on Livy..

4 Original Machiavellian Script

5 Machiavellis Core Thoughts Morality. 16 th or 21 st Century Two levels of ethics. Public and Private. Moral worth of one not superior to other. That which would produce the most practical result should take precedence. Government will have to act in ways that are publicly moral but privately immoral.

6 Emergence of Political and Societal Marketing Application of Marketing to Politics and society (Cicero to Newman) Use of consumer behaviour and geo- demographics to target purchasers of politics and societal demand Use of image (branding), voter behaviour, promotion, party management, media management and referenda. Bought advertising to influence opinion and win votes.

7 Political and Societal Marketing Issues Past concentration on electoral or political communication. Growth of Political (Machiavellian ) lobbying to gain competitive advantage/influence the regulator. Funding and Influence. Internationalisation, role of the consultant

8 The Development of Public Affairs Growth of Lobbying. EU, WTO etc Abuse, globalization and greater controls Growth in response to complexities of global market/government as regulator Lobbying over £6 billion in EU Transparency in EU and Standards in Public Life.

9 Cesare Borgia MkII Fraud –Jack Abramoff high-profile lobbyist connected to various high level politicians Corporate lobbying –oil companies against Kyoto protocol –Broadcasters lobbying against 35% ownership restrictions Think tanks –Private lobbyist firms

10 UK Aircraft Carrier Contract

11 Lobbying for Military Contracts UK Future aircraft carriers (2) plus joint combat aircraft and maritime surveillance and control projects Funding £ 31 billion including £12 billion of acquisition costs UK Joint Combat Aircraft £2,034 million (US/UK contract/technology collaboration) Military Vehicles, Pandur (General Dynamics), General Motors supply NZ Australian Invasion

12 Examples of Negative Advertising

13 Machiavellis Advice The need to appreciate real politics, achieving ends and an awareness of real decision making, whether we deem them amoral or not. Lobbying and public affairs management, he would recognise as of vital importance to maintaining competitiveness in the 21st Century. The strategic importance of access and being able to influence government to gain competitive advantage. The importance of being able to manage the political process, being able to predict election results and to exert influence in campaigns to achieve just political ends. An appreciation of political marketing to be able to influence and predict the economic, political and regulatory landscape.

14 Political Marketing the communication process between voters and political entities (Lock & Harris, 1996),

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16 Small Poppy Syndrome: Use of Fear of Fear Use Of s: leakiest in the world

17 Small Poppy Syndrome Use of denigration to undermine change Desire to remain insular and small minded as a virtue, stop growth We have always done it this way

18 US Presidential Count Down

19 LESSONS FROM THE BUNKER: CANDIDATE IMAGE & VOICE Voice Comparisons: The vocal cord primaries by Kathleen Hall Jamieson. Romney won on authority, but lost on energy. Clinton sounded shrill and borders on passionate Obama sounds caring/almost like a clergyman Rudy Giuliani has a lisp but it didnt seem to hurt him especially after 9/11 Conclusions : A DEEP VOICE suggests: DOMINANCE EXPERTISE and COMPETENCE

20 LESSONS FROM THE BUNKER: CANDIDATE IMAGE & VOICE John Daly, Professor of Communications in his book on persuasion, Voice Matters –Its What Sells Dalys suggests that people who speak a bit faster than normal are perceived as a more competent, persuasive and likeable- The speed doesnt allow listeners time to think about what has been said (and to counter argue) Average English speaker utters words a minute and comprehends about twice as much Speech slows with age and loses clarity

21 LESSONS FROM THE BUNKER: CANDIDATE IMAGE & VOICE According to the US public speaking coach, Richard Greene, Emotionally, voters will want to embrace your ideas because you have touched them with your passion High pitched voice suggests nervousness and excitability (Ross Perot and Howard Dean) Pitch variation (or inflection) is as important as pitch – it conveys passion and energy _ Clinton had the highest variation, Romney the least Reagan conveyed warmth

22 LESSONS FROM THE BUNKER: SUBLIMINAL SUGGESTIONS

23 LESSONS FROM THE BUNKER: Engagement and Fundraising The Obama campaign has raised $265 million by the end of April, more than two-and-a-half times as much as McCain. Had Obama accepted public funds, as McCain is expected to do, both candidates would have been limited to spending $84.1 million The Obama campaign said on May 6 that it had surpassed 1.5 million individual donors, and it probably has many more than that by now.

24 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics A marriage of the online community with their on the ground campaign operations- the result of Obamas days as an activist in Chicago who believes in creating a campaign as a vehicle for involving people and giving them a stake in the government that he believes in Changed top-down, command & control broadcast tv model, that has dominated US politics since early 1960s

25 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics People who come to events (that include up to 20,000 people that are asked to do more than just to come to the event – they are asked to make phone calls, canvas, get out the vote )– no different from direct marketing tools used when customers buy products and are asked to fill out reply cards. Obama Campaign is the perfect example of a bottom up campaign – Here is how it works.

26 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Here is how it worked in Texas: 1.Take a State with 100,000 people who have signed-up on their website and put in their Zipcode 2. Paid organisers get in touch with these people in a zipcode and help them build their organization bottom up. 3. The campaign posts an event on their social network (similar to Facebook), called MYBO (MY.BARACKOBAMA.COM)

27 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics 4. Residents who have donated to the campaign or surrendered their addresses as the price of admission to an Obama rally 5. The people who show up are not micro-managed by the paid organiser – they organise their own rallys, recruit and train a crew of fellow Obama supporters to man their own events and recruit and train a crew of fellow Obama supporters to man their precinct on election day

28 MY.BARACKOBAMA.COM 6. To identify and mobilise Obama Backers, they log onto the password-protected TEXASPRECINCTCAPTAINS.COM, Download the phone numbers of targeted voters, make calls from their homes and upload the results to Austin based HQ 7. They organise early-voting open houses- which will be publicised on MYBO- To boost turnout among core supporters.

29 MY.BARACKOBAMA.COM My Points A listing of points and actions for Jo KIWI Voter. 25 points, th place (only 1 point more to move up) « Return to Your « Return to Your

30 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics What type of event should I select? Community Service Demonstrate that our campaign is about more than just politics Debate Watching Party Get together to watch Barack debate. Fundraising Guests will be able to pledge and donate online when they RSVP Meeting A gathering of local Obama supporters Organizing Tabling, door-knocking, laefletting. Texas 2/23 House Party In neighbourhoods across Texas, Obama supporters will gather to organise and then go out into their communities to canvass and encourage others to Early Vote Women for Obama House Party Host other Obama supporters into your home to help build the movement

31 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Create Your Blog Fill out the form below to set up your blog. Blog Title: / Enter the URL you want your blog to have. Letters and numbers only. Blog Description: This optional description will show up at the top of your blog above your posts.

32 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Member Posts The following posts were created from our member blogs. Page 1 of 6355 | Next | LastNextLast St. Patrick's Day Party By John Cavanaugh - Mar 11th, 2008 at 11:30 am EDTJohn Cavanaugh Also listed in: 5 groups5 groups Please join us this Friday for the Annual O'Grady St. Patrick's Day Party. This year the event will take place at Byrnes Pub in the Grandview area. It is easily one of best events you will ever attend and below are more details: Event: Annual O'Grady St. Patrick's Day Party Location: Byrne's Pub, 1248 W. Third Ave, Columbus, OH Time: 5:00 pm Suggested Donation: $35 RSVP or Questions: Call (614) or Mail to a Friend | Link | Comments (0) | Report Objectionable ContentMail to a FriendLinkComments (0)Report Objectionable Content

33 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Moms for Obama CREATED: FEB 10TH, 2008 DISTANCE: 0 MILES Illinois for Obama CREATED: FEB 10TH, 2008 DISTANCE: 9.98 MILES NW Suburbs of Chicago for Obama! CREATED: FEB 13TH, 2008 DISTANCE: 5.84 MILES

34 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Monday, March 31 at 6:00 PM Wine & Cheese for Obama (FUNDRAISING) TYLES (SCHAUMBURG, IL) MILES AWAY This event is for Barack Obama supporters who want to enjoy a fine wine tasting experience while raising money for the campaign. A $40...

35 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics P.S. If a minimum of 15 supporters do not respond, we will reschedule or cancel the event. Time:Monday, March 31 at 6:00 PMDuration:3 hoursHost:Shea & Reggie TownsendLocation:WINESTYLES (SCHAUMBURG, IL) 40 W. SCHAUMBURG ROAD SCHAUMBURG, IL VIEW MAP: GOOGLE MAPS MAPQUEST YAHOO! MAPS

36 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Technology allows a candidate to raise money quickly and inexpensively – the Internet dramatically shortens the gap between political success and raising money In the old days, calls were made after a successful debate and then cheques were couriered Fundraising required events with weeks of advance notice – today, if you do well in a debate, you can raise large sums of money by the next morning - Effective fundraising is a mouse click away

37 OBAMA WEBSITE LINKS FACEBOOK MYSPACE YOUTUBE FLICKR DIGG TWITTER EVENTFUL LINKEDIN BLACKPLANET FAITHBASE EONS GLEE MIGENTE MYBATANGA ASIANAVE DNC PARTYBUILDER

38 TWITTER What is Twitter? What? Why? How? Twitter is a service for friends, family, and co– workers to communicate and stay connected through the exchange of quick, frequent answers to one simple question: What are you doing?

39 MYBATANGA GO OBAMA !!!!!!! GREAT RESULTS ARE COMING IN, WE ALL NEED TO PULL TOGETHER, CAST OUR VOTE FOR BARACK OBAMA AND GIVE US A CHANGE FOR OUR FUTURE. TIME FOR ACTION IS NOW. Reply Posted By: lunada, Feb 09, 2008 | 12:56 pm Reply lunada Hola Barack, desde Venezuela te enviamos mucha energía positiva para que ganes y cumplas esa gran labor de sacar a África de la miseria donde está sumida. Buena suerte amigo.

40 EONS We're the online community for BOOMers! Stay in touch with your friends and make new ones Join or start Groups to fuel your passions and interests Play games, build your brain, and have fun!

41 Lessons from The Bunker Bridging Marketing and Politics Dinner with Barack Too many political fundraisers are hosted by Washington lobbyists and filled with representatives of special interests. But our campaign is different. Our funding comes from a movement of more than one million supporters like you giving whatever they can afford. Make a donation in any amount between now and 11:59 pm EDT on Monday, March 31st, and you could join Barack and three other supporters for an intimate dinner for five.

42 CLINTON WEBSITE LINKS MYSPACE FACEBOOK YOUTUBE FLICKR

43 Public Affairs and Political Lobbying Driven by need to Gain Competitive advantage Globalisation. Trade Blocs. Corporations. NGOs Government as Regulator International Government Big Issues: Energy, Telecoms, Media, Utilities, Pharms and services

44 Attack Advertising

45 Negative Advertising

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47 Political Lobbying Driven by need to Gain Competitive advantage Globalisation. Trade Blocs. Corporations. NGOs Government as Regulator International Government Big Issues: Telecoms, Media, Utilities, Pharms and now services

48 Campaign against NIKE accessed on 27/03/07. JUST DO IT! Justdoit!boycottNike. (1998). accessed on 27/03/07

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50 political lobbying Driven by need to gain competitive advantage NGOs –Environmental groups Greenpeace vs. Esso –Tobacco Philip Morris vs. govt

51 indirect lobbying? World No Tobacco Day Thank You For Smoking

52 Communication & image dishonest, immoral, incompetent, slick trustworthy, intelligent, compassionate, honourable Verbal communication Non verbal Political act or behaviour Mental representation

53 Image

54 IMAGE Kevin v Johnny ?

55 Image

56 Margaret Thatcher, the Iron Lady

57 Too beautiful to be elected…

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59 a government that was too male, too Western and too Catholic

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62 Iran History, Iran, a country of contradictions We are Iran: the Persian Blogs. Iran 's Blog

63 Yushchenko Campaign

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65 Ends and Means Judge politicians by what they do during the day and not what they do at night. Niccolo Machiavelli

66 Thank You. Any Questions


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