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Types Of Addresses. 1.IP Addresses 2. MAC Addresses.

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Presentation on theme: "Types Of Addresses. 1.IP Addresses 2. MAC Addresses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types Of Addresses

2 1.IP Addresses 2. MAC Addresses

3 IP (Internet Protocol)

4 What Is IP (Internet Protocol) ? Any protocol that is the part of the TCP/IP protocol stack. It is also the network protocol. IP provides features for addressing.

5 IP Addresses

6 IP Addresses assigned to hosts using the TCP/IP suite of protocols

7 IP addresses are of 32-bits IP addresses have two portions A. Network Portion B. Host Portion

8 Example = is network portion and it remains same throughout the network = is host portion and it varies from host to host.

9 Range Of Decimal Values An IP address is expressed as Four decimal values in the range of 0 to 255 Dotted Decimal Notations These decimal values each represents Eight bits of the 32-bits address, known as an OCTET. This is called Dotted Decimal Notation. Example

10 Classification Of IP Addresses

11 Class Range UsesNetwork Portion Host Portion Class A 1-126Data Communication 8-bits 24-bits Class B Data Communication 16-bits Class C Data Communication 24-bits 8-bits Class D Multi Casting Class E Research and Testing Note : Value 127 is not in any class it is reserved for Loop Back Testing It is used for checking of TCP/IP Stack on PC

12

13 How it is Standard Minimum Value is 0 and Maximum Value is ON Bits OFF Bits Adding all Decimal Values when all bits ON Maximum Value is 255 Adding all Decimal Values when all bits OFF Minimum Value is 0

14 IP /8 Network Portion = 8-Bits Host Portion = 24-Bits Network PortionHost Portion 1 st Octet2 nd Octet3 rd Octet4 th Octet IP Address Binary Subnet mask Binary Network ID Binary IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID

15 IP /16 Network Portion = 16-Bits Host Portion = 16-Bits Network PortionHost Portion 1 st Octet2 nd Octet3 rd Octet4 th Octet IP Address Binary Subnet mask Binary Network ID Binary IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID

16 IP /24 Network Portion = 24-Bits Host Portion = 8-Bits Network PortionHost Portion 1 st Octet2 nd Octet3 rd Octet4 th Octet IP Address Binary Subnet mask Binary Network ID Binary IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID

17 IP ADDRESSES SUBNET MASK NETWORK ADRESSES

18 No Communication Occurred Q: When Two Computers are connected then Communication Occurred ? We Should have to follow some rule and regulations

19 IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID Communication Will Start Q : When IP addresses are of same Class and Network ID are same then will Communication Start ? Communication will be occurred when IP are of same Classes and their Network ID are Same of both computers Class A

20 IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID No Communication will Start Q: When IP addresses are of same Class but Network ID are Different will Communication Start ? When ever Two Computers are connected Back to Back and their Network ID are not same Communication will not be occurred even IP are of same Classes. Class A Because

21 Then How Different Networks Communicate

22 Routers are Used To Communicate Different Networks

23 IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID IP Address Subnet Mask Network ID Now Communication will Start Communication will because ROUTER are used to Communicate Different Networks Class A Class B Because


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